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Use and productivity of contemporary, multidisciplinary Big Science

Hallonsten, Olof LU (2016) In Research Evaluation 25(4). p.486-495
Abstract
The use of very large instrumentation, usually called Big Science, became an important part of Western science systems after World War II, with nuclear and particle physics at the center. Throughout the Cold War era, however, science policy priorities and objectives gradually shifted and in parallel therewith, new uses of Big Science emerged that were oriented to the study of materials and later also the life sciences, two areas that grew in global importance toward the end of the 20th century. As the Cold War wound down, the rationale for the old Big Science waned but the new applications of reactors and particle accelerators grew in breadth and importance, and today, dozens of Big Science facilities in Europe and the USA provide... (More)
The use of very large instrumentation, usually called Big Science, became an important part of Western science systems after World War II, with nuclear and particle physics at the center. Throughout the Cold War era, however, science policy priorities and objectives gradually shifted and in parallel therewith, new uses of Big Science emerged that were oriented to the study of materials and later also the life sciences, two areas that grew in global importance toward the end of the 20th century. As the Cold War wound down, the rationale for the old Big Science waned but the new applications of reactors and particle accelerators grew in breadth and importance, and today, dozens of Big Science facilities in Europe and the USA provide neutrons, synchrotron radiation, and free electron laser to a multidisciplinary community of users predominantly from the academic sector. These users visit the facilities temporarily to do experiments as part of their ordinary scientific work, which means that the functional differentiation between facilities and users has been accentuated and institutionalized: facilities provide resources for experimental work, and users do science and produce results. This functional differentiation creates some challenges for the evaluation of the performance and quality of these very expensive facilities, which this article discusses on the basis of qualitative and quantitative data, problematizing the role of contemporary, multidisciplinary Big Science in a science system that is growing more and more reliant on performance evaluation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Big Science, performance evaluation, quality assessment, natural sciences, productivity, governance of science
in
Research Evaluation
volume
25
issue
4
pages
10 pages
publisher
Beech Tree Publishing
external identifiers
  • scopus:85016215785
  • wos:000393180000014
ISSN
0958-2029
DOI
10.1093/reseval/rvw019
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3307a756-602b-470d-a95d-1a664fe642f1
date added to LUP
2016-12-03 11:47:32
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:29:42
@article{3307a756-602b-470d-a95d-1a664fe642f1,
  abstract     = {The use of very large instrumentation, usually called Big Science, became an important part of Western science systems after World War II, with nuclear and particle physics at the center. Throughout the Cold War era, however, science policy priorities and objectives gradually shifted and in parallel therewith, new uses of Big Science emerged that were oriented to the study of materials and later also the life sciences, two areas that grew in global importance toward the end of the 20th century. As the Cold War wound down, the rationale for the old Big Science waned but the new applications of reactors and particle accelerators grew in breadth and importance, and today, dozens of Big Science facilities in Europe and the USA provide neutrons, synchrotron radiation, and free electron laser to a multidisciplinary community of users predominantly from the academic sector. These users visit the facilities temporarily to do experiments as part of their ordinary scientific work, which means that the functional differentiation between facilities and users has been accentuated and institutionalized: facilities provide resources for experimental work, and users do science and produce results. This functional differentiation creates some challenges for the evaluation of the performance and quality of these very expensive facilities, which this article discusses on the basis of qualitative and quantitative data, problematizing the role of contemporary, multidisciplinary Big Science in a science system that is growing more and more reliant on performance evaluation.},
  author       = {Hallonsten, Olof},
  issn         = {0958-2029},
  keyword      = {Big Science,performance evaluation,quality assessment,natural sciences,productivity,governance of science},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {486--495},
  publisher    = {Beech Tree Publishing},
  series       = {Research Evaluation},
  title        = {Use and productivity of contemporary, multidisciplinary Big Science},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/reseval/rvw019},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2016},
}