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Effects of ECL cell extracts and granule/vesicle-enriched fractions from rat oxyntic mucosa on cAMP and IP3 in rat osteoblast-like cells

Larsson, B; Norlén, Per LU ; Lindstrom, E; Zhao, DW; Håkanson, Rolf LU and Linde, A (2002) In Regulatory Peptides 106(1-3). p.13-18
Abstract
The existence of an osteotropic hormone (referred to as gastrocalcin) in the ECL cells of the gastric mucosa has been suggested. Both gastrin and an extract of the oxyntic mucosa lower blood Ca2+ and stimulate Ca2+ uptake into bone. The ECL cells are known to operate under gastrin control and, conceivably, gastrin lowers blood Ca2+ indirectly by releasing the hypothetical ECL cell hormone. We have shown earlier that extracts of isolated ECL cells or of the granule/vesicle fraction of the oxyntic mucosa evoke a typical Ca2+ mediated second messenger response in osteoblastic cells. In the present study, we characterize this response further. An increase in intracellular inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) concentration was observed after... (More)
The existence of an osteotropic hormone (referred to as gastrocalcin) in the ECL cells of the gastric mucosa has been suggested. Both gastrin and an extract of the oxyntic mucosa lower blood Ca2+ and stimulate Ca2+ uptake into bone. The ECL cells are known to operate under gastrin control and, conceivably, gastrin lowers blood Ca2+ indirectly by releasing the hypothetical ECL cell hormone. We have shown earlier that extracts of isolated ECL cells or of the granule/vesicle fraction of the oxyntic mucosa evoke a typical Ca2+ mediated second messenger response in osteoblastic cells. In the present study, we characterize this response further. An increase in intracellular inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) concentration was observed after treatment of UMR-106.01 osteoblast-like cells with extracts of ECL cells or granule/vesicle-enriched fractions from oxyntic mucosa. Intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) concentrations were not affected. Inhibition of phospholipase C (PLC) by U-73122 abolished the increase in [Ca2+](i). Preincubation of UMR-106.01 cells with pertussis toxin, which blocks many G-proteins, did not prevent the increases in IP3 and [Ca2+](i). It was also found that the novel peptide hormone ghrelin, produced in the A-like cells of the oxyntic mucosa, did not evoke any Ca2+ signal in osteoblastic cells. The results indicate that the extracts mediate their effects through a pertussis toxin-insensitive mechanism, and that binding to a receptor leads to activation of PLC and production of IP3 resulting in increased [Ca2+](i). The putative osteotropic hormone is distinct from ghrelin. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
bone, stomach, calcium homeostasis, signal transduction, ghrelin, osteopenia
in
Regulatory Peptides
volume
106
issue
1-3
pages
13 - 18
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:12047905
  • wos:000177027100003
  • scopus:0037096136
ISSN
1873-1686
DOI
10.1016/S0167-0115(02)00024-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
70d0a8b9-9011-4ba6-b285-75d58fbffc09 (old id 332508)
date added to LUP
2007-10-31 10:14:07
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:20:28
@article{70d0a8b9-9011-4ba6-b285-75d58fbffc09,
  abstract     = {The existence of an osteotropic hormone (referred to as gastrocalcin) in the ECL cells of the gastric mucosa has been suggested. Both gastrin and an extract of the oxyntic mucosa lower blood Ca2+ and stimulate Ca2+ uptake into bone. The ECL cells are known to operate under gastrin control and, conceivably, gastrin lowers blood Ca2+ indirectly by releasing the hypothetical ECL cell hormone. We have shown earlier that extracts of isolated ECL cells or of the granule/vesicle fraction of the oxyntic mucosa evoke a typical Ca2+ mediated second messenger response in osteoblastic cells. In the present study, we characterize this response further. An increase in intracellular inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) concentration was observed after treatment of UMR-106.01 osteoblast-like cells with extracts of ECL cells or granule/vesicle-enriched fractions from oxyntic mucosa. Intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) concentrations were not affected. Inhibition of phospholipase C (PLC) by U-73122 abolished the increase in [Ca2+](i). Preincubation of UMR-106.01 cells with pertussis toxin, which blocks many G-proteins, did not prevent the increases in IP3 and [Ca2+](i). It was also found that the novel peptide hormone ghrelin, produced in the A-like cells of the oxyntic mucosa, did not evoke any Ca2+ signal in osteoblastic cells. The results indicate that the extracts mediate their effects through a pertussis toxin-insensitive mechanism, and that binding to a receptor leads to activation of PLC and production of IP3 resulting in increased [Ca2+](i). The putative osteotropic hormone is distinct from ghrelin.},
  author       = {Larsson, B and Norlén, Per and Lindstrom, E and Zhao, DW and Håkanson, Rolf and Linde, A},
  issn         = {1873-1686},
  keyword      = {bone,stomach,calcium homeostasis,signal transduction,ghrelin,osteopenia},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-3},
  pages        = {13--18},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Regulatory Peptides},
  title        = {Effects of ECL cell extracts and granule/vesicle-enriched fractions from rat oxyntic mucosa on cAMP and IP3 in rat osteoblast-like cells},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-0115(02)00024-1},
  volume       = {106},
  year         = {2002},
}