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The trade-off between molt andparental care: a sexual conflict in the blue tit?

Svensson, Erik LU and Nilsen, Jan-Åke (1997) In Behavioral Ecology 8(1). p.92-98
Abstract
Breeding activities and molt are generally thought to be mutually exclusive in birds since both are energetically costly and are normally separated in time. However, sometimes molt overlaps with breeding to some degree. A trade-off between adult somatic maintenance functions (feather renewal) and parental care is then to be expected. The consequences of this are largely unknown, and there are few studies that have shown any fitness costs of molt-breeding overlap. We investigated the consequences of molt-breeding overlap by removing first clutches of blue tit Parus caeruleus pairs, thereby inducing late repeat clutches. Among the delayed pairs, a high proportion of males and some females started their molt already during incubation or... (More)
Breeding activities and molt are generally thought to be mutually exclusive in birds since both are energetically costly and are normally separated in time. However, sometimes molt overlaps with breeding to some degree. A trade-off between adult somatic maintenance functions (feather renewal) and parental care is then to be expected. The consequences of this are largely unknown, and there are few studies that have shown any fitness costs of molt-breeding overlap. We investigated the consequences of molt-breeding overlap by removing first clutches of blue tit Parus caeruleus pairs, thereby inducing late repeat clutches. Among the delayed pairs, a high proportion of males and some females started their molt already during incubation or nestling feeding. Molting males fed their nestling to a lesser extent than non-molting ones, and nestling mortality increased as a direct result of the early timing of male molt. Furthermore, the ability to raise an experimentally enlarged brood was negatively coupled to the molt stage of the male. Our data thus protide evidence that molt-breeding overlap leads to fitness costs, and we discuss the results within the context of sexual conflict and the implications for optimization of avian reproductive decisions. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
brood size, feeding frequency life-history trade-offs, nestling mortality, molt, Parus caeruleus, Paridae, aves (birds), blue tit, sexual conflict
in
Behavioral Ecology
volume
8
issue
1
pages
92 - 98
publisher
Oxford University Press
ISSN
1045-2249
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
35f7c2ab-b1c4-45c7-b24a-b77bd5e6de1d (old id 33325)
alternative location
http://beheco.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/8/1/92
date added to LUP
2007-06-15 15:52:23
date last changed
2016-04-16 05:30:22
@article{35f7c2ab-b1c4-45c7-b24a-b77bd5e6de1d,
  abstract     = {Breeding activities and molt are generally thought to be mutually exclusive in birds since both are energetically costly and are normally separated in time. However, sometimes molt overlaps with breeding to some degree. A trade-off between adult somatic maintenance functions (feather renewal) and parental care is then to be expected. The consequences of this are largely unknown, and there are few studies that have shown any fitness costs of molt-breeding overlap. We investigated the consequences of molt-breeding overlap by removing first clutches of blue tit Parus caeruleus pairs, thereby inducing late repeat clutches. Among the delayed pairs, a high proportion of males and some females started their molt already during incubation or nestling feeding. Molting males fed their nestling to a lesser extent than non-molting ones, and nestling mortality increased as a direct result of the early timing of male molt. Furthermore, the ability to raise an experimentally enlarged brood was negatively coupled to the molt stage of the male. Our data thus protide evidence that molt-breeding overlap leads to fitness costs, and we discuss the results within the context of sexual conflict and the implications for optimization of avian reproductive decisions.},
  author       = {Svensson, Erik and Nilsen, Jan-Åke},
  issn         = {1045-2249},
  keyword      = {brood size,feeding frequency life-history trade-offs,nestling mortality,molt,Parus caeruleus,Paridae,aves (birds),blue tit,sexual conflict},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {92--98},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Behavioral Ecology},
  title        = {The trade-off between molt andparental care: a sexual conflict in the blue tit?},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {1997},
}