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Evaluating the impact of climate change on the risk assessment of Nuclear Power Plants

Sahlin, U. LU ; Di Maio, F.; Vagnoli, M. and Zio, E. (2015) 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015 In Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems - Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015 p.2613-2621
Abstract

Technical Systems, Structures and Infrastructures (SSI) ought to be designed to be safe under current but also future environmental (climate) conditions. Therefore, there is a need to rigorously identify procedures to systematically consider different climate conditions into the risk assessments. In this paper, we consider climate change in the risk assessment of a Passive Containment Cooling System (PCCS) of an AP1000 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). Climate projections are obtained from the open-source database of the Climate Change Health Impact Profiles project (ClimateCHIP, www.climatechip.org) for the worldwide locations of the 15 existing (or planned) PCCSs. These climate projections are derived on one climate pathway of global future... (More)

Technical Systems, Structures and Infrastructures (SSI) ought to be designed to be safe under current but also future environmental (climate) conditions. Therefore, there is a need to rigorously identify procedures to systematically consider different climate conditions into the risk assessments. In this paper, we consider climate change in the risk assessment of a Passive Containment Cooling System (PCCS) of an AP1000 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). Climate projections are obtained from the open-source database of the Climate Change Health Impact Profiles project (ClimateCHIP, www.climatechip.org) for the worldwide locations of the 15 existing (or planned) PCCSs. These climate projections are derived on one climate pathway of global future development (RCP 6.0) and five alternative climate models. We explore two ways of combining and communicating climate projections with the reliability assessment of a PCCS: an integrated probabilistic safety assessment conditional on climate projections and a risk classification based on an assessment of critical temperatures. We identify several challenges related to the way climate data are to be embedded into the system model, and the way the uncertainty of the results to be communicated to avoid over- and under-confidence in the risk quantification.

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author
organization
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type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems - Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015
pages
9 pages
publisher
CRC Press/Balkema
conference name
25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84959017990
ISBN
9781138028791
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
333729b8-3db6-4473-96c9-d259bbdb4837
date added to LUP
2016-09-26 08:36:31
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:35:11
@inproceedings{333729b8-3db6-4473-96c9-d259bbdb4837,
  abstract     = {<p>Technical Systems, Structures and Infrastructures (SSI) ought to be designed to be safe under current but also future environmental (climate) conditions. Therefore, there is a need to rigorously identify procedures to systematically consider different climate conditions into the risk assessments. In this paper, we consider climate change in the risk assessment of a Passive Containment Cooling System (PCCS) of an AP1000 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). Climate projections are obtained from the open-source database of the Climate Change Health Impact Profiles project (ClimateCHIP, www.climatechip.org) for the worldwide locations of the 15 existing (or planned) PCCSs. These climate projections are derived on one climate pathway of global future development (RCP 6.0) and five alternative climate models. We explore two ways of combining and communicating climate projections with the reliability assessment of a PCCS: an integrated probabilistic safety assessment conditional on climate projections and a risk classification based on an assessment of critical temperatures. We identify several challenges related to the way climate data are to be embedded into the system model, and the way the uncertainty of the results to be communicated to avoid over- and under-confidence in the risk quantification.</p>},
  author       = {Sahlin, U. and Di Maio, F. and Vagnoli, M. and Zio, E.},
  booktitle    = {Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems - Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015},
  isbn         = {9781138028791},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {2613--2621},
  publisher    = {CRC Press/Balkema},
  title        = {Evaluating the impact of climate change on the risk assessment of Nuclear Power Plants},
  year         = {2015},
}