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A system perspective on the heating of detached houses

Gustavsson, Leif LU and Karlsson, Åsa LU (2002) In Energy Policy 30(7). p.553-574
Abstract
Primary energy use, emission and the cost of whole energy system chains, from natural resource to end-User, were analysed, in a Swedish context,, hen heating detached houses. Both electricity-based systems employing heat Pumps. boilers. or resistance heaters. and local fuel-based systems (e.g. natural gas. oil and wood fuel) were considered. The base-load electricity was Produced in stand-alone power plants using wood fuel or natural vas, while peak-load electricity and fuel used For transportation were produced from crude oil. The heat Pump systems were most energy efficient. followed by the local fuel-based systems. Electricity production based on cogeneration instead of stand-alone power plants would improve the energy efficiency and... (More)
Primary energy use, emission and the cost of whole energy system chains, from natural resource to end-User, were analysed, in a Swedish context,, hen heating detached houses. Both electricity-based systems employing heat Pumps. boilers. or resistance heaters. and local fuel-based systems (e.g. natural gas. oil and wood fuel) were considered. The base-load electricity was Produced in stand-alone power plants using wood fuel or natural vas, while peak-load electricity and fuel used For transportation were produced from crude oil. The heat Pump systems were most energy efficient. followed by the local fuel-based systems. Electricity production based on cogeneration instead of stand-alone power plants would improve the energy efficiency and reduce the cost of the electricity-based systems. The wood-fuel-based systems emitted about one tenth of the carbon dioxide emitted by the fossil-fuel systems. The acidic emission. however was higher for wood-fuel-based systems, especially compared with natural gas. Primary energy use and emission from the recovery. Production and transportation of fuels were limited compared with the primary energy use and emission for the whole energy system chains. Transportation of biofuels. for example, represented less than P. of the primary energy use. The heat pump systems and the local boiler systems. excluding the pellet boiler system exhibited the lowest cost. The cost of electricity-based systems. other than heat Pump Systems, was higher due to a lower overall coversion efficiency. The pellet boiler system exhibited almost as high cost Lis these electric-based systems. The difference in cost between the same type of wood-fuel- and fossil-fuel-based systems was less than 12%. All Swedish energy taxes and environmental fees were excluded in the Cost Calculations. The removal of carbon dioxide front the flue gases front large natural-gas-fired stand-alone power plants could reduce the carbon dioxide emission by about 70%. This will increase the primary energy use, the emission of other compounds and the cost. However, regarding heat pumps these increases are small due to the high coefficient of performance. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
energy system, detached houses, heating
in
Energy Policy
volume
30
issue
7
pages
553 - 574
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000176197500002
  • scopus:0036601760
ISSN
1873-6777
DOI
10.1016/S0301-4215(01)00128-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
48496418-6051-4986-8161-0fb779992354 (old id 335556)
date added to LUP
2007-08-22 14:33:36
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:42:53
@article{48496418-6051-4986-8161-0fb779992354,
  abstract     = {Primary energy use, emission and the cost of whole energy system chains, from natural resource to end-User, were analysed, in a Swedish context,, hen heating detached houses. Both electricity-based systems employing heat Pumps. boilers. or resistance heaters. and local fuel-based systems (e.g. natural gas. oil and wood fuel) were considered. The base-load electricity was Produced in stand-alone power plants using wood fuel or natural vas, while peak-load electricity and fuel used For transportation were produced from crude oil. The heat Pump systems were most energy efficient. followed by the local fuel-based systems. Electricity production based on cogeneration instead of stand-alone power plants would improve the energy efficiency and reduce the cost of the electricity-based systems. The wood-fuel-based systems emitted about one tenth of the carbon dioxide emitted by the fossil-fuel systems. The acidic emission. however was higher for wood-fuel-based systems, especially compared with natural gas. Primary energy use and emission from the recovery. Production and transportation of fuels were limited compared with the primary energy use and emission for the whole energy system chains. Transportation of biofuels. for example, represented less than P. of the primary energy use. The heat pump systems and the local boiler systems. excluding the pellet boiler system exhibited the lowest cost. The cost of electricity-based systems. other than heat Pump Systems, was higher due to a lower overall coversion efficiency. The pellet boiler system exhibited almost as high cost Lis these electric-based systems. The difference in cost between the same type of wood-fuel- and fossil-fuel-based systems was less than 12%. All Swedish energy taxes and environmental fees were excluded in the Cost Calculations. The removal of carbon dioxide front the flue gases front large natural-gas-fired stand-alone power plants could reduce the carbon dioxide emission by about 70%. This will increase the primary energy use, the emission of other compounds and the cost. However, regarding heat pumps these increases are small due to the high coefficient of performance. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Gustavsson, Leif and Karlsson, Åsa},
  issn         = {1873-6777},
  keyword      = {energy system,detached houses,heating},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {553--574},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy Policy},
  title        = {A system perspective on the heating of detached houses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0301-4215(01)00128-8},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2002},
}