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Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in treated wastewater discharges into Charleston Harbor, South Carolina

Hedgespeth, Melanie LU ; Sapozhnikova, Yelena; Pennington, Paul; Clum, Allan; Fairey, Andy and Wirth, Edward (2012) In Science of the Total Environment 437. p.1-9
Abstract
This study assessed seasonal and regional trends of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) detected in monthly samples from two local wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Charleston, South Carolina, USA, over the period of one year. Surface water of Charleston Harbor was also analyzed to examine environmental distribution in an estuarine ecosystem. Of the 19 compounds examined, 11 were quantified in wastewater influent, 9 in effluent, and 7 in surface water. Aqueous concentrations of many PPCPs were reduced by >86% in wastewater effluent compared with influent, though some compounds showed low removal and greater effluent concentrations compared with influent (e.g. estrone and fluoxetine). Differences in effluent... (More)
This study assessed seasonal and regional trends of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) detected in monthly samples from two local wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Charleston, South Carolina, USA, over the period of one year. Surface water of Charleston Harbor was also analyzed to examine environmental distribution in an estuarine ecosystem. Of the 19 compounds examined, 11 were quantified in wastewater influent, 9 in effluent, and 7 in surface water. Aqueous concentrations of many PPCPs were reduced by >86% in wastewater effluent compared with influent, though some compounds showed low removal and greater effluent concentrations compared with influent (e.g. estrone and fluoxetine). Differences in effluent concentrations and estimated removal between facilities were likely related to variations in the facilities' operating procedures. Surface water concentrations were generally reduced by >90% for those chemicals found in effluent. Additionally, there were seasonal trends that indicate reduced degradation in colder months in wastewater and surface water. To our knowledge, this is the first study examining PPCPs in the South Atlantic Bight. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Pharmaceutical, Hormone, EPA Method 1694, Influent, Effluent, Estuary
in
Science of the Total Environment
volume
437
pages
1 - 9
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000310941000001
  • scopus:84867593767
ISSN
1879-1026
DOI
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.07.076
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
90a9009f-7249-4525-9385-2194a026dbd5 (old id 3388482)
date added to LUP
2013-01-30 14:02:07
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:05:47
@article{90a9009f-7249-4525-9385-2194a026dbd5,
  abstract     = {This study assessed seasonal and regional trends of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) detected in monthly samples from two local wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Charleston, South Carolina, USA, over the period of one year. Surface water of Charleston Harbor was also analyzed to examine environmental distribution in an estuarine ecosystem. Of the 19 compounds examined, 11 were quantified in wastewater influent, 9 in effluent, and 7 in surface water. Aqueous concentrations of many PPCPs were reduced by >86% in wastewater effluent compared with influent, though some compounds showed low removal and greater effluent concentrations compared with influent (e.g. estrone and fluoxetine). Differences in effluent concentrations and estimated removal between facilities were likely related to variations in the facilities' operating procedures. Surface water concentrations were generally reduced by >90% for those chemicals found in effluent. Additionally, there were seasonal trends that indicate reduced degradation in colder months in wastewater and surface water. To our knowledge, this is the first study examining PPCPs in the South Atlantic Bight. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Hedgespeth, Melanie and Sapozhnikova, Yelena and Pennington, Paul and Clum, Allan and Fairey, Andy and Wirth, Edward},
  issn         = {1879-1026},
  keyword      = {Pharmaceutical,Hormone,EPA Method 1694,Influent,Effluent,Estuary},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--9},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Science of the Total Environment},
  title        = {Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in treated wastewater discharges into Charleston Harbor, South Carolina},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.07.076},
  volume       = {437},
  year         = {2012},
}