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Mitigating ground vibration by periodic inclusions and surface structures

Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Bucinskas, Paulius; Persson, Peter LU ; Muresan, Mihai; Muresan, Liviu Ionut and Paven, Ioan Oreste (2016) 45th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Towards a Quieter Future, INTER-NOISE 2016 In Proceedings of the INTER-NOISE 2016 - 45th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Towards a Quieter Future p.7469-7480
Abstract

Ground vibration from traffic is a source of nuisance in urbanized areas. Trenches and wave barriers can provide mitigation of vibrations, but single barriers need to have a large depth to be effective - especially in the low-frequency range relevant to traffic-induced vibration. Alternatively, periodic repetitions of mass, stiffness or both in an infinite structure lead to so-called stop bands in the frequency domain. Harmonic loads applied within these stop bands will not induce propagation of energy through the structure, i.e. the energy stays within a nearfield surrounding the source. Less well-defined behavior can be expected for transient loads and finite structures. However, some mitigation may occur. The paper aims at... (More)

Ground vibration from traffic is a source of nuisance in urbanized areas. Trenches and wave barriers can provide mitigation of vibrations, but single barriers need to have a large depth to be effective - especially in the low-frequency range relevant to traffic-induced vibration. Alternatively, periodic repetitions of mass, stiffness or both in an infinite structure lead to so-called stop bands in the frequency domain. Harmonic loads applied within these stop bands will not induce propagation of energy through the structure, i.e. the energy stays within a nearfield surrounding the source. Less well-defined behavior can be expected for transient loads and finite structures. However, some mitigation may occur. The paper aims at quantifying the mitigation effect of nearly periodic masses placed on the ground surface using two approaches: a small-scale laboratory model and a three-dimensional finite-element model. The laboratory model employs soaked mattress foam placed within a box to mimic a finite volume of soil. The dynamic properties of the soaked foam ensure wavelengths representative of ground vibration in small scale. Comparison of the results from the two models leads to an assessment of the mitigation that can be expected in a real project compared to the mitigation predicted by a numerical model.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Finite element analysis, Ground vibration, Small scale testing
in
Proceedings of the INTER-NOISE 2016 - 45th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Towards a Quieter Future
pages
12 pages
publisher
German Acoustical Society (DEGA)
conference name
45th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Towards a Quieter Future, INTER-NOISE 2016
external identifiers
  • scopus:84994559799
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
33b07893-0188-483e-aa1c-30d5210c522f
date added to LUP
2016-12-19 14:34:18
date last changed
2017-10-08 04:56:19
@inproceedings{33b07893-0188-483e-aa1c-30d5210c522f,
  abstract     = {<p>Ground vibration from traffic is a source of nuisance in urbanized areas. Trenches and wave barriers can provide mitigation of vibrations, but single barriers need to have a large depth to be effective - especially in the low-frequency range relevant to traffic-induced vibration. Alternatively, periodic repetitions of mass, stiffness or both in an infinite structure lead to so-called stop bands in the frequency domain. Harmonic loads applied within these stop bands will not induce propagation of energy through the structure, i.e. the energy stays within a nearfield surrounding the source. Less well-defined behavior can be expected for transient loads and finite structures. However, some mitigation may occur. The paper aims at quantifying the mitigation effect of nearly periodic masses placed on the ground surface using two approaches: a small-scale laboratory model and a three-dimensional finite-element model. The laboratory model employs soaked mattress foam placed within a box to mimic a finite volume of soil. The dynamic properties of the soaked foam ensure wavelengths representative of ground vibration in small scale. Comparison of the results from the two models leads to an assessment of the mitigation that can be expected in a real project compared to the mitigation predicted by a numerical model.</p>},
  author       = {Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard and Bucinskas, Paulius and Persson, Peter and Muresan, Mihai and Muresan, Liviu Ionut and Paven, Ioan Oreste},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the INTER-NOISE 2016 - 45th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Towards a Quieter Future},
  keyword      = {Finite element analysis,Ground vibration,Small scale testing},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  pages        = {7469--7480},
  publisher    = {German Acoustical Society (DEGA)},
  title        = {Mitigating ground vibration by periodic inclusions and surface structures},
  year         = {2016},
}