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Acute, non traumatic patterns in chest radiography of children - recognition and understanding of radiographic appearances

Puig, S; Hormann, M; Sandström, Staffan LU ; Schibany, N and Ponhold, W (2002) In Radiologe 42(3). p.153-161
Abstract
The diagnosis of acute, non-traumatic diseases of the lower respiratory tract requires exact knowledge of the specific anatomy, physiology and pathology of the pediatric chest. The absolutely and relatively smaller airways, as compared with those of adults, and the undeveloped collateral ventilation result in radiological appearances that are unique in children. Viral pneumonia is predominant only in small children up to an age of 2 years. With increasing age, there is a higher incidence of bacterial pneumonia. The differentiation of viral and bacteria[ etiology of a pneumonia is not possible on the basis of chest radiographs. In acute pediatric imaging, possible aspiration of foreign bodies has to be considered. Since most foreign bodies... (More)
The diagnosis of acute, non-traumatic diseases of the lower respiratory tract requires exact knowledge of the specific anatomy, physiology and pathology of the pediatric chest. The absolutely and relatively smaller airways, as compared with those of adults, and the undeveloped collateral ventilation result in radiological appearances that are unique in children. Viral pneumonia is predominant only in small children up to an age of 2 years. With increasing age, there is a higher incidence of bacterial pneumonia. The differentiation of viral and bacteria[ etiology of a pneumonia is not possible on the basis of chest radiographs. In acute pediatric imaging, possible aspiration of foreign bodies has to be considered. Since most foreign bodies cannot be detected radiographically, indirect features such as hyperinflation or mediastinal shifts have to be evaluated. Primary lung tumors are rare in children. More common are metastases with known primary tumors. Neuroblastoma or I ymphomas may mimic intrapulmonary pathologies. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
anatomy and physiology of the lung, children, pneumonia, foreign bodies
in
Radiologe
volume
42
issue
3
pages
153 - 161
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:11963232
  • wos:000174825500003
  • scopus:0036938854
ISSN
0033-832X
DOI
10.1007/s00117-001-0704-z
language
German
LU publication?
yes
id
f4551f14-10fb-4f7e-b129-4b7f9f47c43b (old id 340531)
date added to LUP
2007-11-09 12:28:40
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:11:13
@article{f4551f14-10fb-4f7e-b129-4b7f9f47c43b,
  abstract     = {The diagnosis of acute, non-traumatic diseases of the lower respiratory tract requires exact knowledge of the specific anatomy, physiology and pathology of the pediatric chest. The absolutely and relatively smaller airways, as compared with those of adults, and the undeveloped collateral ventilation result in radiological appearances that are unique in children. Viral pneumonia is predominant only in small children up to an age of 2 years. With increasing age, there is a higher incidence of bacterial pneumonia. The differentiation of viral and bacteria[ etiology of a pneumonia is not possible on the basis of chest radiographs. In acute pediatric imaging, possible aspiration of foreign bodies has to be considered. Since most foreign bodies cannot be detected radiographically, indirect features such as hyperinflation or mediastinal shifts have to be evaluated. Primary lung tumors are rare in children. More common are metastases with known primary tumors. Neuroblastoma or I ymphomas may mimic intrapulmonary pathologies.},
  author       = {Puig, S and Hormann, M and Sandström, Staffan and Schibany, N and Ponhold, W},
  issn         = {0033-832X},
  keyword      = {anatomy and physiology of the lung,children,pneumonia,foreign bodies},
  language     = {ger},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {153--161},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Radiologe},
  title        = {Acute, non traumatic patterns in chest radiography of children - recognition and understanding of radiographic appearances},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-001-0704-z},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2002},
}