Advanced

Detailed Modeling of soot formation in a partially stirred plug flow reactor

Balthasar, Michael LU ; Mauss, Fabian LU ; Knobel, A and Kraft, M (2002) In Combustion and Flame 128(4). p.395-409
Abstract
The purpose of this work is to propose a detailed model for the formation of soot in turbulent reacting flow and to use this model to study a carbon black furnace. The model is based on a combination of a detailed reaction mechanism to calculate the gas phase chemistry, a detailed kinetic soot model based on the method of moments, and the joint composition probability density function (PDF) of these scalar quantities. Two problems, which arise when modeling the formation of soot in turbulent flows using a PDF approach, are studied. A consistency study of the combined scalar-soot moment approach reveals that the molecular diffusion term in the PDF-equation can be closed by the IEM and Curl-type mixing models. An investigation of different... (More)
The purpose of this work is to propose a detailed model for the formation of soot in turbulent reacting flow and to use this model to study a carbon black furnace. The model is based on a combination of a detailed reaction mechanism to calculate the gas phase chemistry, a detailed kinetic soot model based on the method of moments, and the joint composition probability density function (PDF) of these scalar quantities. Two problems, which arise when modeling the formation of soot in turbulent flows using a PDF approach, are studied. A consistency study of the combined scalar-soot moment approach reveals that the molecular diffusion term in the PDF-equation can be closed by the IEM and Curl-type mixing models. An investigation of different kernels for the collision frequency of soot particles shows that the influence of turbulence on particle coagulation is negligible for typical flame conditions and the particle size range considered. The model is used as a simple toot to simulate a furnace black process, which is the most important industrial process for the production of carbon blacks. Despite the simplifications in the modeling of the turbulent flow reasonable agreement between the calculated soot yield and data measured in an industrial furnace black reactor is achieved although no adjustments were made to the kinetic parameters of the soot model. The effect of the mixing intensity on soot yield and different soot formation rates is investigated. In addition the influence of different operating conditions such as temperature and equivalence ratio in the primary zone of the reactor is studied. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Combustion and Flame
volume
128
issue
4
pages
395 - 409
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000174675500005
  • scopus:0036124392
ISSN
0010-2180
DOI
10.1016/S0010-2180(01)00344-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1a422bf5-d528-48c2-bddc-326c4a7eda86 (old id 341202)
date added to LUP
2007-08-08 08:52:11
date last changed
2017-08-27 05:25:13
@article{1a422bf5-d528-48c2-bddc-326c4a7eda86,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this work is to propose a detailed model for the formation of soot in turbulent reacting flow and to use this model to study a carbon black furnace. The model is based on a combination of a detailed reaction mechanism to calculate the gas phase chemistry, a detailed kinetic soot model based on the method of moments, and the joint composition probability density function (PDF) of these scalar quantities. Two problems, which arise when modeling the formation of soot in turbulent flows using a PDF approach, are studied. A consistency study of the combined scalar-soot moment approach reveals that the molecular diffusion term in the PDF-equation can be closed by the IEM and Curl-type mixing models. An investigation of different kernels for the collision frequency of soot particles shows that the influence of turbulence on particle coagulation is negligible for typical flame conditions and the particle size range considered. The model is used as a simple toot to simulate a furnace black process, which is the most important industrial process for the production of carbon blacks. Despite the simplifications in the modeling of the turbulent flow reasonable agreement between the calculated soot yield and data measured in an industrial furnace black reactor is achieved although no adjustments were made to the kinetic parameters of the soot model. The effect of the mixing intensity on soot yield and different soot formation rates is investigated. In addition the influence of different operating conditions such as temperature and equivalence ratio in the primary zone of the reactor is studied.},
  author       = {Balthasar, Michael and Mauss, Fabian and Knobel, A and Kraft, M},
  issn         = {0010-2180},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {395--409},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Combustion and Flame},
  title        = {Detailed Modeling of soot formation in a partially stirred plug flow reactor},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0010-2180(01)00344-3},
  volume       = {128},
  year         = {2002},
}