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Geophysical gas monitoring using optical techniques: volcanoes, geothermal fields and mines

Svanberg, Sune LU (2002) In Optics and Lasers in Engineering 37(2-3). p.245-266
Abstract
Optical spectroscopy provides powerful means for studying geophysical gas emissions. An extensive research program in this field has been performed by Swedish researchers in collaboration with European partners during the last 10 years, and a review of the activities and results is given. The techniques suitable for geophysical gas monitoring include the differential absorption lidar (DIAL), differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS), diode laser spectroscopy and gas correlation imaging. Field experiments regarding atomic mercury emissions from geothermal fields were performed with a mobile lidar laboratory in Iceland and in Italy. The atomic mercury concentrations and fluxes from mercury mines were also determined at Abbadia S.... (More)
Optical spectroscopy provides powerful means for studying geophysical gas emissions. An extensive research program in this field has been performed by Swedish researchers in collaboration with European partners during the last 10 years, and a review of the activities and results is given. The techniques suitable for geophysical gas monitoring include the differential absorption lidar (DIAL), differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS), diode laser spectroscopy and gas correlation imaging. Field experiments regarding atomic mercury emissions from geothermal fields were performed with a mobile lidar laboratory in Iceland and in Italy. The atomic mercury concentrations and fluxes from mercury mines were also determined at Abbadia S. Salvatore (Italy) and Almaden. (Spain). The volcanic emissions of sulfur dioxide were studied in four ship-borne campaigns concerning the three Italian volcanoes Mt. Etna, Stromboli and Vulcano. Comparisons between the results from the DIAL and passive techniques (DOAS and correlation spectroscopy) were performed. Infrared spectroscopy for geophysical applications is now being developed and will also be discussed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
correlation spectroscopy, DIAL, DOAS
in
Optics and Lasers in Engineering
volume
37
issue
2-3
pages
245 - 266
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000173532500013
  • scopus:0036467003
ISSN
0143-8166
DOI
10.1016/S0143-8166(01)00098-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b7dd0489-392b-4355-899a-fd8a6b10b5fd (old id 344071)
date added to LUP
2007-11-15 12:11:16
date last changed
2017-12-10 03:48:24
@article{b7dd0489-392b-4355-899a-fd8a6b10b5fd,
  abstract     = {Optical spectroscopy provides powerful means for studying geophysical gas emissions. An extensive research program in this field has been performed by Swedish researchers in collaboration with European partners during the last 10 years, and a review of the activities and results is given. The techniques suitable for geophysical gas monitoring include the differential absorption lidar (DIAL), differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS), diode laser spectroscopy and gas correlation imaging. Field experiments regarding atomic mercury emissions from geothermal fields were performed with a mobile lidar laboratory in Iceland and in Italy. The atomic mercury concentrations and fluxes from mercury mines were also determined at Abbadia S. Salvatore (Italy) and Almaden. (Spain). The volcanic emissions of sulfur dioxide were studied in four ship-borne campaigns concerning the three Italian volcanoes Mt. Etna, Stromboli and Vulcano. Comparisons between the results from the DIAL and passive techniques (DOAS and correlation spectroscopy) were performed. Infrared spectroscopy for geophysical applications is now being developed and will also be discussed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Svanberg, Sune},
  issn         = {0143-8166},
  keyword      = {correlation spectroscopy,DIAL,DOAS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2-3},
  pages        = {245--266},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Optics and Lasers in Engineering},
  title        = {Geophysical gas monitoring using optical techniques: volcanoes, geothermal fields and mines},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0143-8166(01)00098-7},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2002},
}