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Landowners' incentives for constructing wetlands in an agricultural area in south Sweden

Hansson, Anna; Pedersen, Eja LU and Weisner, Stefan E. B. (2012) In Journal of Environmental Management 113. p.271-278
Abstract
Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea has in Sweden led to the initiation of government schemes aiming to increase wetland areas in agricultural regions and thereby reduce nutrient transport to the sea. Landowners play a significant role as providers of this ecosystem service and are currently offered subsidies to cover their costs for constructing and maintaining wetlands. We undertook a grounded theory study, in which landowners were interviewed, aiming at identifying landowners' incentives for constructing wetlands on their land. The study showed that adequate subsidies, additional services that the wetland could provide to the landowner, local environmental benefits, sufficient knowledge, and peers' good experiences could encourage... (More)
Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea has in Sweden led to the initiation of government schemes aiming to increase wetland areas in agricultural regions and thereby reduce nutrient transport to the sea. Landowners play a significant role as providers of this ecosystem service and are currently offered subsidies to cover their costs for constructing and maintaining wetlands. We undertook a grounded theory study, in which landowners were interviewed, aiming at identifying landowners' incentives for constructing wetlands on their land. The study showed that adequate subsidies, additional services that the wetland could provide to the landowner, local environmental benefits, sufficient knowledge, and peers' good experiences could encourage landowners to construct wetlands. Perceived hindrances were burdensome management, deficient knowledge, time-consuming application procedures and unclear effectiveness of nutrient reduction. The main reason for not creating a wetland, however, was that the land was classified as productive by the landowner, i.e., suitable for food production. Current schemes are directed toward landowners as individuals and based on subsidies to cover costs. We propose that landowners instead are approached as ecosystem service entrepreneurs and contracted after a tendering process based on nutrient reduction effects. This would lead to new definitions of production and may stimulate improved design and placement of wetlands. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Eutrophication, Constructed wetlands, Farmers, Entrepreneurs, Ecosystem, services
in
Journal of Environmental Management
volume
113
pages
271 - 278
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000313153000029
  • scopus:84867234810
ISSN
0301-4797
DOI
10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.09.008
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7b671ee4-fa9f-4fc3-b821-8e4332435673 (old id 3481612)
date added to LUP
2013-02-26 12:12:36
date last changed
2017-07-09 03:12:07
@article{7b671ee4-fa9f-4fc3-b821-8e4332435673,
  abstract     = {Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea has in Sweden led to the initiation of government schemes aiming to increase wetland areas in agricultural regions and thereby reduce nutrient transport to the sea. Landowners play a significant role as providers of this ecosystem service and are currently offered subsidies to cover their costs for constructing and maintaining wetlands. We undertook a grounded theory study, in which landowners were interviewed, aiming at identifying landowners' incentives for constructing wetlands on their land. The study showed that adequate subsidies, additional services that the wetland could provide to the landowner, local environmental benefits, sufficient knowledge, and peers' good experiences could encourage landowners to construct wetlands. Perceived hindrances were burdensome management, deficient knowledge, time-consuming application procedures and unclear effectiveness of nutrient reduction. The main reason for not creating a wetland, however, was that the land was classified as productive by the landowner, i.e., suitable for food production. Current schemes are directed toward landowners as individuals and based on subsidies to cover costs. We propose that landowners instead are approached as ecosystem service entrepreneurs and contracted after a tendering process based on nutrient reduction effects. This would lead to new definitions of production and may stimulate improved design and placement of wetlands. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Hansson, Anna and Pedersen, Eja and Weisner, Stefan E. B.},
  issn         = {0301-4797},
  keyword      = {Eutrophication,Constructed wetlands,Farmers,Entrepreneurs,Ecosystem,services},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {271--278},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Journal of Environmental Management},
  title        = {Landowners' incentives for constructing wetlands in an agricultural area in south Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.09.008},
  volume       = {113},
  year         = {2012},
}