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A review of the use of organic Rankine cycle power systems for maritime applications

Mondejar, M. E. LU ; Andreasen, J. G.; Pierobon, L.; Larsen, U.; Thern, M. LU and Haglind, F. (2018) In Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 91. p.126-151
Abstract

Diesel engines are by far the most common means of propulsion aboard ships. It is estimated that around half of their fuel energy consumption is dissipated as low-grade heat. The organic Rankine cycle technology is a well-established solution for the energy conversion of thermal power from biomass combustion, geothermal reservoirs, and waste heat from industrial processes. However, its economic feasibility has not yet been demonstrated for marine applications. This paper aims at evaluating the potential of using organic Rankine cycle systems for waste heat recovery aboard ships. The suitable vessels and engine heat sources are identified by estimating the total recoverable energy. Different cycle architectures, working fluids,... (More)

Diesel engines are by far the most common means of propulsion aboard ships. It is estimated that around half of their fuel energy consumption is dissipated as low-grade heat. The organic Rankine cycle technology is a well-established solution for the energy conversion of thermal power from biomass combustion, geothermal reservoirs, and waste heat from industrial processes. However, its economic feasibility has not yet been demonstrated for marine applications. This paper aims at evaluating the potential of using organic Rankine cycle systems for waste heat recovery aboard ships. The suitable vessels and engine heat sources are identified by estimating the total recoverable energy. Different cycle architectures, working fluids, components, and control strategies are analyzed. The economic feasibility and integration on board are also evaluated. A number of research and development areas are identified in order to tackle the challenges limiting a widespread use of this technology in currently operating vessels and new-buildings. The results indicate that organic Rankine cycle units recovering heat from the exhaust gases of engines using low-sulfur fuels could yield fuel savings between 10% and 15%.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Diesel, Marine, Organic Rankine cycle, Review, Ship, Waste heat recovery
in
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
volume
91
pages
26 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85045083516
ISSN
1364-0321
DOI
10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.074
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
36bfeaf8-988c-4949-b87f-cee2845fbd39
date added to LUP
2018-04-16 15:28:25
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:47:53
@article{36bfeaf8-988c-4949-b87f-cee2845fbd39,
  abstract     = {<p>Diesel engines are by far the most common means of propulsion aboard ships. It is estimated that around half of their fuel energy consumption is dissipated as low-grade heat. The organic Rankine cycle technology is a well-established solution for the energy conversion of thermal power from biomass combustion, geothermal reservoirs, and waste heat from industrial processes. However, its economic feasibility has not yet been demonstrated for marine applications. This paper aims at evaluating the potential of using organic Rankine cycle systems for waste heat recovery aboard ships. The suitable vessels and engine heat sources are identified by estimating the total recoverable energy. Different cycle architectures, working fluids, components, and control strategies are analyzed. The economic feasibility and integration on board are also evaluated. A number of research and development areas are identified in order to tackle the challenges limiting a widespread use of this technology in currently operating vessels and new-buildings. The results indicate that organic Rankine cycle units recovering heat from the exhaust gases of engines using low-sulfur fuels could yield fuel savings between 10% and 15%.</p>},
  author       = {Mondejar, M. E. and Andreasen, J. G. and Pierobon, L. and Larsen, U. and Thern, M. and Haglind, F.},
  issn         = {1364-0321},
  keyword      = {Diesel,Marine,Organic Rankine cycle,Review,Ship,Waste heat recovery},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  pages        = {126--151},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews},
  title        = {A review of the use of organic Rankine cycle power systems for maritime applications},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.074},
  volume       = {91},
  year         = {2018},
}