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Motivating the contributions : An Open Innovation perspective on what to share as Open Source Software

Linåker, J. LU ; Munir, H. LU ; Wnuk, K. LU and Mols, Carl Eric (2018) In Journal of Systems and Software 135. p.17-36
Abstract

Open Source Software (OSS) ecosystems have reshaped the ways how software-intensive firms develop products and deliver value to customers. However, firms still need support for strategic product planning in terms of what to develop internally and what to share as OSS. Existing models accurately capture commoditization in software business, but lack operational support to decide what contribution strategy to employ in terms of what and when to contribute. This study proposes a Contribution Acceptance Process (CAP) model from which firms can adopt contribution strategies that align with product strategies and planning. In a design science influenced case study executed at Sony Mobile, the CAP model was iteratively developed in close... (More)

Open Source Software (OSS) ecosystems have reshaped the ways how software-intensive firms develop products and deliver value to customers. However, firms still need support for strategic product planning in terms of what to develop internally and what to share as OSS. Existing models accurately capture commoditization in software business, but lack operational support to decide what contribution strategy to employ in terms of what and when to contribute. This study proposes a Contribution Acceptance Process (CAP) model from which firms can adopt contribution strategies that align with product strategies and planning. In a design science influenced case study executed at Sony Mobile, the CAP model was iteratively developed in close collaboration with the firm's practitioners. The CAP model helps classify artifacts according to business impact and control complexity so firms may estimate and plan whether an artifact should be contributed or not. Further, an information meta-model is proposed that helps operationalize the CAP model at the organization. The CAP model provides an operational OI perspective on what firms involved in OSS ecosystems should share, by helping them motivate contributions through the creation of contribution strategies. The goal is to help maximize return on investment and sustain needed influence in OSS ecosystems.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Contribution strategy, Open innovation, Open Source Software, Product planning, Product strategy, Software ecosystem
in
Journal of Systems and Software
volume
135
pages
20 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85030847129
ISSN
0164-1212
DOI
10.1016/j.jss.2017.09.032
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
37292931-bb8c-4dcb-8c98-f664eeeb4136
date added to LUP
2017-10-18 07:15:52
date last changed
2018-05-06 04:37:39
@article{37292931-bb8c-4dcb-8c98-f664eeeb4136,
  abstract     = {<p>Open Source Software (OSS) ecosystems have reshaped the ways how software-intensive firms develop products and deliver value to customers. However, firms still need support for strategic product planning in terms of what to develop internally and what to share as OSS. Existing models accurately capture commoditization in software business, but lack operational support to decide what contribution strategy to employ in terms of what and when to contribute. This study proposes a Contribution Acceptance Process (CAP) model from which firms can adopt contribution strategies that align with product strategies and planning. In a design science influenced case study executed at Sony Mobile, the CAP model was iteratively developed in close collaboration with the firm's practitioners. The CAP model helps classify artifacts according to business impact and control complexity so firms may estimate and plan whether an artifact should be contributed or not. Further, an information meta-model is proposed that helps operationalize the CAP model at the organization. The CAP model provides an operational OI perspective on what firms involved in OSS ecosystems should share, by helping them motivate contributions through the creation of contribution strategies. The goal is to help maximize return on investment and sustain needed influence in OSS ecosystems.</p>},
  author       = {Linåker, J. and Munir, H. and Wnuk, K. and Mols, Carl Eric},
  issn         = {0164-1212},
  keyword      = {Contribution strategy,Open innovation,Open Source Software,Product planning,Product strategy,Software ecosystem},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {17--36},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Systems and Software},
  title        = {Motivating the contributions : An Open Innovation perspective on what to share as Open Source Software},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2017.09.032},
  volume       = {135},
  year         = {2018},
}