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Conflict between entrepreneurship and open science, and the transition of scientific norms

Shibayama, Sotaro LU (2012) In Journal of Technology Transfer 37(4). p.508-531
Abstract

In the trend of academic entrepreneurship, practical and direct contribution of university research to the society has been emphasized, in which university scientists have increasingly engaged in commercial activities, university-industry relationships, and technology transfers. However, this trend has aroused concern about a potentially negative impact on the tradition of open science. Drawing on a survey data of 698 Japanese natural scientists, this study analyzes the behaviors and norms of university scientists under the influence of university interventions for entrepreneurship, whereby examining the compatibility between entrepreneurship and open science. The results indicate that entrepreneurial interventions have facilitated... (More)

In the trend of academic entrepreneurship, practical and direct contribution of university research to the society has been emphasized, in which university scientists have increasingly engaged in commercial activities, university-industry relationships, and technology transfers. However, this trend has aroused concern about a potentially negative impact on the tradition of open science. Drawing on a survey data of 698 Japanese natural scientists, this study analyzes the behaviors and norms of university scientists under the influence of university interventions for entrepreneurship, whereby examining the compatibility between entrepreneurship and open science. The results indicate that entrepreneurial interventions have facilitated scientists' norm for practical contribution, and consequently, their involvement in commercial activities and ties with industry. Then, some, but not all, of these entrepreneurial activities have deterred cooperative or open relationships between scientists. However, the results suggest that the entrepreneurial interventions have not deteriorated the traditional norm for open science. Further analyses indicate that the two norms for practical contribution and for open science are determined independently, implying that academic entrepreneurship can be promoted without deteriorating open science.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
academic capitalism, commercialism, entrepreneurship, open science, scientific norm, I23, O38
in
Journal of Technology Transfer
volume
37
issue
4
pages
24 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84864292194
ISSN
0892-9912
DOI
10.1007/s10961-010-9202-7
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
372e30db-7c59-40f2-981a-70b0ccd08636
date added to LUP
2017-04-13 17:52:16
date last changed
2017-09-10 05:17:56
@article{372e30db-7c59-40f2-981a-70b0ccd08636,
  abstract     = {<p>In the trend of academic entrepreneurship, practical and direct contribution of university research to the society has been emphasized, in which university scientists have increasingly engaged in commercial activities, university-industry relationships, and technology transfers. However, this trend has aroused concern about a potentially negative impact on the tradition of open science. Drawing on a survey data of 698 Japanese natural scientists, this study analyzes the behaviors and norms of university scientists under the influence of university interventions for entrepreneurship, whereby examining the compatibility between entrepreneurship and open science. The results indicate that entrepreneurial interventions have facilitated scientists' norm for practical contribution, and consequently, their involvement in commercial activities and ties with industry. Then, some, but not all, of these entrepreneurial activities have deterred cooperative or open relationships between scientists. However, the results suggest that the entrepreneurial interventions have not deteriorated the traditional norm for open science. Further analyses indicate that the two norms for practical contribution and for open science are determined independently, implying that academic entrepreneurship can be promoted without deteriorating open science.</p>},
  author       = {Shibayama, Sotaro},
  issn         = {0892-9912},
  keyword      = {academic capitalism,commercialism,entrepreneurship,open science,scientific norm,I23,O38},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {508--531},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Technology Transfer},
  title        = {Conflict between entrepreneurship and open science, and the transition of scientific norms},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10961-010-9202-7},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2012},
}