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Genome-Wide Association Study in BRCA1 Mutation Carriers Identifies Novel Loci Associated with Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk

Couch, Fergus J.; Wang, Xianshu; McGuffog, Lesley; Lee, Andrew; Olswold, Curtis; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B.; Soucy, Penny; Fredericksen, Zachary; Barrowdale, Daniel and Dennis, Joe, et al. (2013) In PLoS Genetics 9(3).
Abstract
BRCA1-associated breast and ovarian cancer risks can be modified by common genetic variants. To identify further cancer risk-modifying loci, we performed a multi-stage GWAS of 11,705 BRCA1 carriers (of whom 5,920 were diagnosed with breast and 1,839 were diagnosed with ovarian cancer), with a further replication in an additional sample of 2,646 BRCA1 carriers. We identified a novel breast cancer risk modifier locus at 1q32 for BRCA1 carriers (rs2290854, P = 2.7 x 10(-8), HR = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.09-1.20). In addition, we identified two novel ovarian cancer risk modifier loci: 17q21.31 (rs17631303, P = 1.4 x 10(-8), HR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.17-1.38) and 4q32.3 (rs4691139, P = 3.4 x 10(-8), HR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.17-1.38). The 4q32.3 locus was not... (More)
BRCA1-associated breast and ovarian cancer risks can be modified by common genetic variants. To identify further cancer risk-modifying loci, we performed a multi-stage GWAS of 11,705 BRCA1 carriers (of whom 5,920 were diagnosed with breast and 1,839 were diagnosed with ovarian cancer), with a further replication in an additional sample of 2,646 BRCA1 carriers. We identified a novel breast cancer risk modifier locus at 1q32 for BRCA1 carriers (rs2290854, P = 2.7 x 10(-8), HR = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.09-1.20). In addition, we identified two novel ovarian cancer risk modifier loci: 17q21.31 (rs17631303, P = 1.4 x 10(-8), HR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.17-1.38) and 4q32.3 (rs4691139, P = 3.4 x 10(-8), HR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.17-1.38). The 4q32.3 locus was not associated with ovarian cancer risk in the general population or BRCA2 carriers, suggesting a BRCA1-specific association. The 17q21.31 locus was also associated with ovarian cancer risk in 8,211 BRCA2 carriers (P = 2 x 10(-4)). These loci may lead to an improved understanding of the etiology of breast and ovarian tumors in BRCA1 carriers. Based on the joint distribution of the known BRCA1 breast cancer risk-modifying loci, we estimated that the breast cancer lifetime risks for the 5% of BRCA1 carriers at lowest risk are 28%-50% compared to 81%-100% for the 5% at highest risk. Similarly, based on the known ovarian cancer risk-modifying loci, the 5% of BRCA1 carriers at lowest risk have an estimated lifetime risk of developing ovarian cancer of 28% or lower, whereas the 5% at highest risk will have a risk of 63% or higher. Such differences in risk may have important implications for risk prediction and clinical management for BRCA1 carriers. (Less)
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3
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1553-7404
DOI
10.1371/journal.pgen.1003212
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@article{e372e4b3-6cbb-42d6-b4d8-86c1642e36e1,
  abstract     = {BRCA1-associated breast and ovarian cancer risks can be modified by common genetic variants. To identify further cancer risk-modifying loci, we performed a multi-stage GWAS of 11,705 BRCA1 carriers (of whom 5,920 were diagnosed with breast and 1,839 were diagnosed with ovarian cancer), with a further replication in an additional sample of 2,646 BRCA1 carriers. We identified a novel breast cancer risk modifier locus at 1q32 for BRCA1 carriers (rs2290854, P = 2.7 x 10(-8), HR = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.09-1.20). In addition, we identified two novel ovarian cancer risk modifier loci: 17q21.31 (rs17631303, P = 1.4 x 10(-8), HR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.17-1.38) and 4q32.3 (rs4691139, P = 3.4 x 10(-8), HR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.17-1.38). The 4q32.3 locus was not associated with ovarian cancer risk in the general population or BRCA2 carriers, suggesting a BRCA1-specific association. The 17q21.31 locus was also associated with ovarian cancer risk in 8,211 BRCA2 carriers (P = 2 x 10(-4)). These loci may lead to an improved understanding of the etiology of breast and ovarian tumors in BRCA1 carriers. Based on the joint distribution of the known BRCA1 breast cancer risk-modifying loci, we estimated that the breast cancer lifetime risks for the 5% of BRCA1 carriers at lowest risk are 28%-50% compared to 81%-100% for the 5% at highest risk. Similarly, based on the known ovarian cancer risk-modifying loci, the 5% of BRCA1 carriers at lowest risk have an estimated lifetime risk of developing ovarian cancer of 28% or lower, whereas the 5% at highest risk will have a risk of 63% or higher. Such differences in risk may have important implications for risk prediction and clinical management for BRCA1 carriers.},
  articleno    = {e1003212},
  author       = {Couch, Fergus J. and Wang, Xianshu and McGuffog, Lesley and Lee, Andrew and Olswold, Curtis and Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B. and Soucy, Penny and Fredericksen, Zachary and Barrowdale, Daniel and Dennis, Joe and Gaudet, Mia M. and Dicks, Ed and Kosel, Matthew and Healey, Sue and Sinilnikova, Olga M. and Lee, Adam and Bacot, Francois and Vincent, Daniel and Hogervorst, Frans B. L. and Peock, Susan and Stoppa-Lyonnet, Dominique and Jakubowska, Anna and Radice, Paolo and Schmutzler, Rita Katharina and Domchek, Susan M. and Piedmonte, Marion and Singer, Christian F. and Friedman, Eitan and Thomassen, Mads and Hansen, Thomas V. O. and Neuhausen, Susan L. and Szabo, Csilla I. and Blanco, Ignacio and Greene, Mark H. and Karlan, Beth Y. and Garber, Judy and Phelan, Catherine M. and Weitzel, Jeffrey N. and Montagna, Marco and Olah, Edith and Andrulis, Irene L. and Godwin, Andrew K. and Yannoukakos, Drakoulis and Goldgar, David E. and Caldes, Trinidad and Nevanlinna, Heli and Osorio, Ana and Terry, Mary Beth and Daly, Mary B. and van Rensburg, Elizabeth J. and Hamann, Ute and Ramus, Susan J. and Toland, Amanda Ewart and Caligo, Maria A. and Olopade, Olufunmilayo I. and Tung, Nadine and Claes, Kathleen and Beattie, Mary S. and Southey, Melissa C. and Imyanitov, Evgeny N. and Tischkowitz, Marc and Janavicius, Ramunas and John, Esther M. and Kwong, Ava and Diez, Orland and Balmana, Judith and Barkardottir, Rosa B. and Arun, Banu K. and Rennert, Gad and Teo, Soo-Hwang and Ganz, Patricia A. and Campbell, Ian and van der Hout, Annemarie H. and van Deurzen, Carolien H. M. and Seynaeve, Caroline and Garcia, Encarna B. 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F. and Arver, Brita and Stenmark-Askmalm, Marie and Loman, Niklas and Rosenquist, Richard and Einbeigi, Zakaria and Nathanson, Katherine L. and Rebbeck, Timothy R. and Blank, Stephanie V. and Cohn, David E. and Rodriguez, Gustavo C. and Small, Laurie and Friedlander, Michael and Bae-Jump, Victoria L. and Fink-Retter, Anneliese and Rappaport, Christine and Gschwantler-Kaulich, Daphne and Pfeiler, Georg and Tea, Muy-Kheng and Lindor, Noralane M. and Kaufman, Bella and Paluch, Shani Shimon and Laitman, Yael and Skytte, Anne-Bine and Gerdes, Anne-Marie and Pedersen, Inge Sokilde and Moeller, Sanne Traasdahl and Kruse, Torben A. and Jensen, Uffe Birk and Vijai, Joseph and Sarrel, Kara and Robson, Mark and Kauff, Noah and Mulligan, Anna Marie and Glendon, Gord and Ozcelik, Hilmi and Ejlertsen, Bent and Nielsen, Finn C. and Jonson, Lars and Andersen, Mette K. and Ding, Yuan Chun and Steele, Linda and Foretova, Lenka and Teule, Alex and Lazaro, Conxi and Brunet, Joan and Angel Pujana, Miquel and Mai, Phuong L. and Loud, Jennifer T. and Walsh, Christine and Lester, Jenny and Orsulic, Sandra and Narod, Steven A. and Herzog, Josef and Sand, Sharon R. and Tognazzo, Silvia and Agata, Simona and Vaszko, Tibor and Weaver, Joellen and Stavropoulou, Alexandra V. and Buys, Saundra S. and Romero, Atocha and de la Hoya, Miguel and Aittomaki, Kristiina and Muranen, Taru A. and Duran, Mercedes and Chung, Wendy K. and Lasa, Adriana and Dorfling, Cecilia M. and Miron, Alexander and Benitez, Javier and Senter, Leigha and Huo, Dezheng and Chan, Salina B. and Sokolenko, Anna P. and Chiquette, Jocelyne and Tihomirova, Laima and Friebel, Tara M. and Agnarsson, Bjarni A. and Lu, Karen H. and Lejbkowicz, Flavio and James, Paul A. and Hall, Per and Dunning, Alison M. and Tessier, Daniel and Cunningham, Julie and Slager, Susan L. and Wang, Chen and Hart, Steven and Stevens, Kristen and Simard, Jacques and Pastinen, Tomi and Pankratz, Vernon S. and Offit, Kenneth and Easton, Douglas F. and Chenevix-Trench, Georgia and Antoniou, Antonis C.},
  issn         = {1553-7404},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  publisher    = {Public Library of Science},
  series       = {PLoS Genetics},
  title        = {Genome-Wide Association Study in BRCA1 Mutation Carriers Identifies Novel Loci Associated with Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003212},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2013},
}