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Swelling kinetics of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) gel

Andersson, M; Axelsson, Anders LU and Zacchi, Guido LU (1998) In Journal of Controlled Release 50(1-3). p.273-281
Abstract
In many gel applications the swelling and shrinking kinetics are very important, e.g. in controlled/slow release, where the kinetics determine the rate of out-diffusion of the active component, and in gel extraction where the gel is swollen and shrunk several times. In this study swelling kinetics of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) gel (NiPAAm gel) was determined by monitoring the swelling process using a stereo microscope and a video camera. The swelling of spherical gel bodies could conveniently be studied after a temperature change. The results obtained were treated according to the approach of Tanaka and Fillmore, in which the swelling and shrinking of a gel is described as a motion of the gel network according to the diffusion equation.... (More)
In many gel applications the swelling and shrinking kinetics are very important, e.g. in controlled/slow release, where the kinetics determine the rate of out-diffusion of the active component, and in gel extraction where the gel is swollen and shrunk several times. In this study swelling kinetics of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) gel (NiPAAm gel) was determined by monitoring the swelling process using a stereo microscope and a video camera. The swelling of spherical gel bodies could conveniently be studied after a temperature change. The results obtained were treated according to the approach of Tanaka and Fillmore, in which the swelling and shrinking of a gel is described as a motion of the gel network according to the diffusion equation. This was shown to be valid when the temperature changes are kept below the critical point of the gel. However, the model fails to describe the shrinking process when passing from below to above the critical temperature. The collective diffusion coefficient (D), defined as the osmotic bulk modulus divided by the friction factor, was determined by fitting to the experimental data. D was found to increase with temperature according to the Wilke-Chang relation D=2.0.10(-11)+7.6.10(-17).T/mu. The results were used to simulate the swelling/shrinking process. The simulations show the importance of having sufficiently small gel bodies to achieve a short swelling time. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
gels, kinetics of swelling, N-isopropylacrylamide, simulation
in
Journal of Controlled Release
volume
50
issue
1-3
pages
273 - 281
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000071710600028
  • scopus:0032472402
ISSN
1873-4995
DOI
10.1016/S0168-3659(97)00151-X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
78f929ae-fd75-44ea-a9ac-fa719d23ee49 (old id 3911459)
date added to LUP
2013-06-28 14:19:20
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:35:03
@article{78f929ae-fd75-44ea-a9ac-fa719d23ee49,
  abstract     = {In many gel applications the swelling and shrinking kinetics are very important, e.g. in controlled/slow release, where the kinetics determine the rate of out-diffusion of the active component, and in gel extraction where the gel is swollen and shrunk several times. In this study swelling kinetics of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) gel (NiPAAm gel) was determined by monitoring the swelling process using a stereo microscope and a video camera. The swelling of spherical gel bodies could conveniently be studied after a temperature change. The results obtained were treated according to the approach of Tanaka and Fillmore, in which the swelling and shrinking of a gel is described as a motion of the gel network according to the diffusion equation. This was shown to be valid when the temperature changes are kept below the critical point of the gel. However, the model fails to describe the shrinking process when passing from below to above the critical temperature. The collective diffusion coefficient (D), defined as the osmotic bulk modulus divided by the friction factor, was determined by fitting to the experimental data. D was found to increase with temperature according to the Wilke-Chang relation D=2.0.10(-11)+7.6.10(-17).T/mu. The results were used to simulate the swelling/shrinking process. The simulations show the importance of having sufficiently small gel bodies to achieve a short swelling time. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.},
  author       = {Andersson, M and Axelsson, Anders and Zacchi, Guido},
  issn         = {1873-4995},
  keyword      = {gels,kinetics of swelling,N-isopropylacrylamide,simulation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-3},
  pages        = {273--281},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Controlled Release},
  title        = {Swelling kinetics of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) gel},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-3659(97)00151-X},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {1998},
}