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A model for prediction of limestone dissolution in wet flue gas desulfurization applications

Brogren, C and Karlsson, Hans LU (1997) In Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 36(9). p.3889-3897
Abstract
A model has been developed to predict the dissolution rate of a limestone slurry as a function of particle size distribution and limestone conversion. The model is based on basic mass-transfer theory and includes a factor allowing the flux of calcium ions from the limestone surface to vary with the fraction dissolved. Changes in the flux with the fraction dissolved have been reported to be caused by the presence of sulfite but can also be caused by accumulation of inerts at the liquid-solid interface and/or by changes in the effective mass-transfer area. Calculations show that the decrease in flux reported for sulfites can have a significant impact on the slurry conditions within the reaction tank, i.e., impact on the limestone conversion... (More)
A model has been developed to predict the dissolution rate of a limestone slurry as a function of particle size distribution and limestone conversion. The model is based on basic mass-transfer theory and includes a factor allowing the flux of calcium ions from the limestone surface to vary with the fraction dissolved. Changes in the flux with the fraction dissolved have been reported to be caused by the presence of sulfite but can also be caused by accumulation of inerts at the liquid-solid interface and/or by changes in the effective mass-transfer area. Calculations show that the decrease in flux reported for sulfites can have a significant impact on the slurry conditions within the reaction tank, i.e., impact on the limestone conversion and the relationship between liquid and solid alkalinity. In the absence of sulfites, the flux from limestone particles has been assumed to be constant with respect to the degree of dissolution. The modeling results have been found to be in good agreement with the measured values of a continuous stirred tank reactor. The model was able to accurately predict the impact of both the particle size distribution and reaction tank residence time on limestone conversion and dissolution rate. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
volume
36
issue
9
pages
3889 - 3897
publisher
The American Chemical Society
external identifiers
  • wos:A1997XU45200060
  • scopus:0031230872
ISSN
0888-5885
DOI
10.1021/ie970030j
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a884331f-7e3b-4d1b-8038-57a92ea55675 (old id 3915504)
date added to LUP
2013-07-02 09:04:23
date last changed
2017-07-23 04:43:04
@article{a884331f-7e3b-4d1b-8038-57a92ea55675,
  abstract     = {A model has been developed to predict the dissolution rate of a limestone slurry as a function of particle size distribution and limestone conversion. The model is based on basic mass-transfer theory and includes a factor allowing the flux of calcium ions from the limestone surface to vary with the fraction dissolved. Changes in the flux with the fraction dissolved have been reported to be caused by the presence of sulfite but can also be caused by accumulation of inerts at the liquid-solid interface and/or by changes in the effective mass-transfer area. Calculations show that the decrease in flux reported for sulfites can have a significant impact on the slurry conditions within the reaction tank, i.e., impact on the limestone conversion and the relationship between liquid and solid alkalinity. In the absence of sulfites, the flux from limestone particles has been assumed to be constant with respect to the degree of dissolution. The modeling results have been found to be in good agreement with the measured values of a continuous stirred tank reactor. The model was able to accurately predict the impact of both the particle size distribution and reaction tank residence time on limestone conversion and dissolution rate.},
  author       = {Brogren, C and Karlsson, Hans},
  issn         = {0888-5885},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {3889--3897},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society},
  series       = {Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research},
  title        = {A model for prediction of limestone dissolution in wet flue gas desulfurization applications},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie970030j},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {1997},
}