Advanced

Experimental verification of tomographic measurement methods in ultrasound

Almqvist, Monica LU (1999) In Report 5/99.
Abstract
This thesis describes two different measurement methods applied to ultrasound. The first method, Ultrasound doppler vector tomography, uses ultrasound to measure blood flow and the second method, Light diffraction tomography, measures the pressure field in an ultrasound beam with laser light. Both methods depend on tomography algorithms for reconstruction of the measured region.



A prime motive for Ultrasound doppler vector tomography was to develop an automatic ultrasound based diagnostic scanning system for breast cancer screening. The special tomography algorithm used for detection of directional blood flow is described as well as the developed experimental system. Flow phantoms were measured and the results were... (More)
This thesis describes two different measurement methods applied to ultrasound. The first method, Ultrasound doppler vector tomography, uses ultrasound to measure blood flow and the second method, Light diffraction tomography, measures the pressure field in an ultrasound beam with laser light. Both methods depend on tomography algorithms for reconstruction of the measured region.



A prime motive for Ultrasound doppler vector tomography was to develop an automatic ultrasound based diagnostic scanning system for breast cancer screening. The special tomography algorithm used for detection of directional blood flow is described as well as the developed experimental system. Flow phantoms were measured and the results were compared with simulations, which show good agreement. The ongoing development of the method concerns improved tomography algorithms, better tissue-mimicking flow phantoms and ways to increase the spatial resolution.



The main part of the thesis is about the development and use of Light diffraction tomography, which can be used for characterization of ultrasound fields. To our knowledge, only three laboratories worldwide have published results with this method and the subjects of the current work are to define, describe and expand the limits. Some of the most important advantages with light diffraction tomography are the non-perturbing character and the possibility to do absolute pressure measurements with high spatial resolution in both water and air. These advantages were exploited to measure 10 MHz transducers in water, close to the surfaces with high spatial resolution and to measure ultrasound in air in the frequency range 40 kHz – 2 MHz. The results show that under certain circumstances light diffraction tomography can be used for absolute measurements with an uncertainty on the order of 10% in water and 13% in air. Complex ultrasound nearfields were characterized and peaks separated 160 µm were resolved. The applicability on airborne ultrasound was investigated showing unique results regarding absolute measurements, spatial resolution, sensitivity, phase measurements and frequency response.



The thesis also includes the Department of Electrical Measurements’ experience in the EC project “An assessment of medical ultrasonic field measurement methods”, the purpose of which was to evaluate a specific ultrasound measurement standard. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Delsing, Jerker, Industrial Electronics, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
airborne., high resolution, characterization, tomography, light diffraction, doppler, ultrasound, vector tomography, Instrumentation technology, Mät- och instrumenteringsteknik
in
Report
volume
5/99
pages
172 pages
publisher
Department of Electrical Measurements, Lund University
defense location
Lund Institute of Technology, Ole Römers väg 3, location E:1406
defense date
1999-05-17 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN LUTEDX/TEEM--1066--SE
ISSN
0346-6221
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c2a6d528-629e-4ccf-b16b-a5cfac06eab4 (old id 39616)
date added to LUP
2007-06-20 11:37:38
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:55
@phdthesis{c2a6d528-629e-4ccf-b16b-a5cfac06eab4,
  abstract     = {This thesis describes two different measurement methods applied to ultrasound. The first method, Ultrasound doppler vector tomography, uses ultrasound to measure blood flow and the second method, Light diffraction tomography, measures the pressure field in an ultrasound beam with laser light. Both methods depend on tomography algorithms for reconstruction of the measured region.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
A prime motive for Ultrasound doppler vector tomography was to develop an automatic ultrasound based diagnostic scanning system for breast cancer screening. The special tomography algorithm used for detection of directional blood flow is described as well as the developed experimental system. Flow phantoms were measured and the results were compared with simulations, which show good agreement. The ongoing development of the method concerns improved tomography algorithms, better tissue-mimicking flow phantoms and ways to increase the spatial resolution.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The main part of the thesis is about the development and use of Light diffraction tomography, which can be used for characterization of ultrasound fields. To our knowledge, only three laboratories worldwide have published results with this method and the subjects of the current work are to define, describe and expand the limits. Some of the most important advantages with light diffraction tomography are the non-perturbing character and the possibility to do absolute pressure measurements with high spatial resolution in both water and air. These advantages were exploited to measure 10 MHz transducers in water, close to the surfaces with high spatial resolution and to measure ultrasound in air in the frequency range 40 kHz – 2 MHz. The results show that under certain circumstances light diffraction tomography can be used for absolute measurements with an uncertainty on the order of 10% in water and 13% in air. Complex ultrasound nearfields were characterized and peaks separated 160 µm were resolved. The applicability on airborne ultrasound was investigated showing unique results regarding absolute measurements, spatial resolution, sensitivity, phase measurements and frequency response.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The thesis also includes the Department of Electrical Measurements’ experience in the EC project “An assessment of medical ultrasonic field measurement methods”, the purpose of which was to evaluate a specific ultrasound measurement standard.},
  author       = {Almqvist, Monica},
  issn         = {0346-6221},
  keyword      = {airborne.,high resolution,characterization,tomography,light diffraction,doppler,ultrasound,vector tomography,Instrumentation technology,Mät- och instrumenteringsteknik},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {172},
  publisher    = {Department of Electrical Measurements, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Report},
  title        = {Experimental verification of tomographic measurement methods in ultrasound},
  volume       = {5/99},
  year         = {1999},
}