Microscopic Properties of Superdeformed Nuclei
(1999) Abstract
 Many high spin rotational bands in superdeformed nuclei have been found in the <i>A ~ 140150</i> region, but so far no linking transitions to known normaldeformed states have been found in these nuclei. Therefore, configuration and spin assignments have to be based on indirect spectroscopic information. Identical bands were first discovered in this region of superdeformed shapes. At present, some identical bands have also been found at normal deformation, but such bands are more common at superdeformation. Recently lifetime measurements have given relative quadrupole moments with high accuracy.
Spectroscopic quantities are calculated using the configuration constrained cranked NilssonStrutinsky model with... (More)  Many high spin rotational bands in superdeformed nuclei have been found in the <i>A ~ 140150</i> region, but so far no linking transitions to known normaldeformed states have been found in these nuclei. Therefore, configuration and spin assignments have to be based on indirect spectroscopic information. Identical bands were first discovered in this region of superdeformed shapes. At present, some identical bands have also been found at normal deformation, but such bands are more common at superdeformation. Recently lifetime measurements have given relative quadrupole moments with high accuracy.
Spectroscopic quantities are calculated using the configuration constrained cranked NilssonStrutinsky model with the modified oscillator potential.
In a statistical study the occurrence of identical bands is tested. Comparing superdeformed and normal deformed nuclei, the higher possibility for identical bands at superdeformation is understood from calculated reduced widths of the <i>E<sub>gamma</sub></i> and <i>J<sup>(2)</sup></i> distributions. The importance of high<i>N</i> orbitals for identical bands is also discussed.
Additivity of electric quadrupole moment contributions in the superdeformed <i>A ~ 150</i> region is discussed with the nucleus <sup>152</sup>Dy as a core. In analytic harmonic oscillator calculations, the effective electric quadrupole moment <i>q<sub>eff</sub></i>, i.e. the change in the total quadrupole moment caused by the added particle, is expressed as a simple function of the singleparticle mass quadrupole moment <i>q<sub>v</sub></i>. Also in realistic calculations, simple relations between <i>q<sub>eff</sub></i> and <i>q<sub>v</sub></i> can be used to estimate the total electric quadrupole moment, e.g. for the nucleus <sup>142</sup>Sm, by adding the effect of 10 holes, to the total electric quadrupole moment of <sup>152</sup>Dy. Furthermore, tools are given for estimating the quadrupole moment for possible configurations in the superdeformed <i>A ~ 150</i> region.
For the superdeformed region around <sup>143</sup>Eu, configuration and spin assignments are made based on effective alignments. The region is connected to, and compared with, previously investigated <sup>146153</sup>Gd nuclei. The two regions show similarities but it appears difficult to get consistent alignments in the whole region around <sup>143</sup>Eu. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
https://lup.lub.lu.se/record/39737
 author
 Karlsson, Lennart B ^{LU}
 supervisor
 opponent

 Professor Dobaczewski, Jacek, Warsaw University, Polen
 organization
 publishing date
 1999
 type
 Thesis
 publication status
 published
 subject
 keywords
 statistical physics, gravitation, superdeformation, NilssonStrutinsky, modified oscillator potential, moments of inertia, transition energies, rotational bands, quadrupole moments, spin assignments, identical bands, additivity., Mathematical and general theoretical physics, classical mechanics, relativity, quantum mechanics, kvantmekanik, klassisk mekanik, thermodynamics, Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik, termodynamik, relativitet, statistisk fysik, Fysicumarkivet A:1999:Karlsson
 pages
 102 pages
 publisher
 Mathematical Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University
 defense location
 Lecture hall B, Department of Physics
 defense date
 19990528 10:15:00
 external identifiers

 other:ISRN: LundMPh99/03
 ISBN
 9162835610
 language
 English
 LU publication?
 yes
 additional info
 The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Mathematical Physics (Faculty of Technology) (011040002)
 id
 68c7d26a0b3d43908ab4c6ce58112e71 (old id 39737)
 date added to LUP
 20160404 10:15:00
 date last changed
 20181121 20:57:40
@phdthesis{68c7d26a0b3d43908ab4c6ce58112e71, abstract = {{Many high spin rotational bands in superdeformed nuclei have been found in the <i>A ~ 140150</i> region, but so far no linking transitions to known normaldeformed states have been found in these nuclei. Therefore, configuration and spin assignments have to be based on indirect spectroscopic information. Identical bands were first discovered in this region of superdeformed shapes. At present, some identical bands have also been found at normal deformation, but such bands are more common at superdeformation. Recently lifetime measurements have given relative quadrupole moments with high accuracy.<br/><br> <br/><br> Spectroscopic quantities are calculated using the configuration constrained cranked NilssonStrutinsky model with the modified oscillator potential.<br/><br> <br/><br> In a statistical study the occurrence of identical bands is tested. Comparing superdeformed and normal deformed nuclei, the higher possibility for identical bands at superdeformation is understood from calculated reduced widths of the <i>E<sub>gamma</sub></i> and <i>J<sup>(2)</sup></i> distributions. The importance of high<i>N</i> orbitals for identical bands is also discussed.<br/><br> <br/><br> Additivity of electric quadrupole moment contributions in the superdeformed <i>A ~ 150</i> region is discussed with the nucleus <sup>152</sup>Dy as a core. In analytic harmonic oscillator calculations, the effective electric quadrupole moment <i>q<sub>eff</sub></i>, i.e. the change in the total quadrupole moment caused by the added particle, is expressed as a simple function of the singleparticle mass quadrupole moment <i>q<sub>v</sub></i>. Also in realistic calculations, simple relations between <i>q<sub>eff</sub></i> and <i>q<sub>v</sub></i> can be used to estimate the total electric quadrupole moment, e.g. for the nucleus <sup>142</sup>Sm, by adding the effect of 10 holes, to the total electric quadrupole moment of <sup>152</sup>Dy. Furthermore, tools are given for estimating the quadrupole moment for possible configurations in the superdeformed <i>A ~ 150</i> region.<br/><br> <br/><br> For the superdeformed region around <sup>143</sup>Eu, configuration and spin assignments are made based on effective alignments. The region is connected to, and compared with, previously investigated <sup>146153</sup>Gd nuclei. The two regions show similarities but it appears difficult to get consistent alignments in the whole region around <sup>143</sup>Eu.}}, author = {{Karlsson, Lennart B}}, isbn = {{9162835610}}, keywords = {{statistical physics; gravitation; superdeformation; NilssonStrutinsky; modified oscillator potential; moments of inertia; transition energies; rotational bands; quadrupole moments; spin assignments; identical bands; additivity.; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; classical mechanics; relativity; quantum mechanics; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; thermodynamics; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; termodynamik; relativitet; statistisk fysik; Fysicumarkivet A:1999:Karlsson}}, language = {{eng}}, publisher = {{Mathematical Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University}}, school = {{Lund University}}, title = {{Microscopic Properties of Superdeformed Nuclei}}, year = {{1999}}, }