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Structured physical exercise and recovery from first episode psychosis in young adults, the FitForLife study

Lambden, Benjamin; Berge, Jonas LU and Forsell, Yvonne (2018) In Psychiatry Research 267. p.346-353
Abstract

Optimising autonomy is increasingly important in recovery from psychosis. To date, physical exercise has shown promise in the treatment of severe, enduring mental illnesses including psychosis - when used as an adjunct treatment. To assess the association between physical exercise and autonomy in young adults, a simple pre-post experimental design was utilised. Individuals aged 18–35 years, treated at one of three specialist outpatient units for first-episode psychosis in Stockholm, Sweden were invited to participate in a 12-week programme of structured group exercise. Autonomy was measured using four questions from the Camberwell Assessment of Needs questionnaire (physical health, social and close relationship and daily tasks).... (More)

Optimising autonomy is increasingly important in recovery from psychosis. To date, physical exercise has shown promise in the treatment of severe, enduring mental illnesses including psychosis - when used as an adjunct treatment. To assess the association between physical exercise and autonomy in young adults, a simple pre-post experimental design was utilised. Individuals aged 18–35 years, treated at one of three specialist outpatient units for first-episode psychosis in Stockholm, Sweden were invited to participate in a 12-week programme of structured group exercise. Autonomy was measured using four questions from the Camberwell Assessment of Needs questionnaire (physical health, social and close relationship and daily tasks). Comparisons were made between: ‘no attendance’ and ‘any attendance’. The latter group was bisected into higher and lower categories. Ninety-four participants enrolled with a post-intervention response rate of 61%. Significant reductions were seen in self-rated needs for care, though there was no significant change in total scores or evidence of a dose response association. The results suggest a plausible association between physical exercise and autonomy which may represent the recovery process following the first episode of psychosis. Further randomised control trials are needed to explore the potential causality and robustness of this change.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Exercise, Psychotic disorders
in
Psychiatry Research
volume
267
pages
8 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85048952290
ISSN
0165-1781
DOI
10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3ab87dd1-851b-4664-9a72-69a0758f4644
date added to LUP
2018-07-04 10:15:48
date last changed
2019-01-06 13:59:02
@article{3ab87dd1-851b-4664-9a72-69a0758f4644,
  abstract     = {<p>Optimising autonomy is increasingly important in recovery from psychosis. To date, physical exercise has shown promise in the treatment of severe, enduring mental illnesses including psychosis - when used as an adjunct treatment. To assess the association between physical exercise and autonomy in young adults, a simple pre-post experimental design was utilised. Individuals aged 18–35 years, treated at one of three specialist outpatient units for first-episode psychosis in Stockholm, Sweden were invited to participate in a 12-week programme of structured group exercise. Autonomy was measured using four questions from the Camberwell Assessment of Needs questionnaire (physical health, social and close relationship and daily tasks). Comparisons were made between: ‘no attendance’ and ‘any attendance’. The latter group was bisected into higher and lower categories. Ninety-four participants enrolled with a post-intervention response rate of 61%. Significant reductions were seen in self-rated needs for care, though there was no significant change in total scores or evidence of a dose response association. The results suggest a plausible association between physical exercise and autonomy which may represent the recovery process following the first episode of psychosis. Further randomised control trials are needed to explore the potential causality and robustness of this change.</p>},
  author       = {Lambden, Benjamin and Berge, Jonas and Forsell, Yvonne},
  issn         = {0165-1781},
  keyword      = {Exercise,Psychotic disorders},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {346--353},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Psychiatry Research},
  title        = {Structured physical exercise and recovery from first episode psychosis in young adults, the FitForLife study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.001},
  volume       = {267},
  year         = {2018},
}