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School egress data: comparing the configuration and validation of five egress modelling tools

Cuesta, Arturo; Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Gwynne, S. M. V.; Kinsey, Michael and Hunt, Aoife (2016) In Fire and Materials
Abstract
Data were collected between 2011 and 2014 from five evacuations involving the same school buildings located in Spain. Children from 6 to 16 years of age were observed during the evacuation exercises. Background information was collected on key factors deemed to influence evacuation performance: a description of the geometry, the population involved, the procedures employed and the organization of the drills conducted. Using live observations and video footage of these drills, evacuation data were collected, focusing on the pre-evacuation times, the routes employed, the travel speeds adopted and the
arrival times. These data informed a range of a posteriori simulations, conducted by using four computer models (buildingEXODUS,... (More)
Data were collected between 2011 and 2014 from five evacuations involving the same school buildings located in Spain. Children from 6 to 16 years of age were observed during the evacuation exercises. Background information was collected on key factors deemed to influence evacuation performance: a description of the geometry, the population involved, the procedures employed and the organization of the drills conducted. Using live observations and video footage of these drills, evacuation data were collected, focusing on the pre-evacuation times, the routes employed, the travel speeds adopted and the
arrival times. These data informed a range of a posteriori simulations, conducted by using four computer models (buildingEXODUS, MassMotion, Pathfinder and STEPS) and the Society of Fire Protection Engineering hydraulic model (i.e. Society of Fire Protection Engineering hand calculations). Comparisons were drawn between the models’ output and against the observed outcome for one of the trials to determine the accuracy of the model predictions given that they were configured by using the initial conditions for a specific evacuation. The purpose of this work is to (1) provide insight into the configuration of these models for equivalent scenarios, (2) examine any variation in the simulated conditions given equivalent initial conditions, and (3) provide suggestions on how to perform validation studies for multiple evacuation models. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
data collection, evacuation modelling , validation, school evacuation, egress simulations, unannounced evacuation drill
in
Fire and Materials
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • scopus:84990985872
ISSN
1099-1018
DOI
10.1002/fam.2405
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3b0a162c-cbec-40d8-a8b1-74cd962fa09b
date added to LUP
2016-10-13 11:16:22
date last changed
2017-02-22 09:59:07
@article{3b0a162c-cbec-40d8-a8b1-74cd962fa09b,
  abstract     = {Data were collected between 2011 and 2014 from five evacuations involving the same school buildings located in Spain. Children from 6 to 16 years of age were observed during the evacuation exercises. Background information was collected on key factors deemed to influence evacuation performance: a description of the geometry, the population involved, the procedures employed and the organization of the drills conducted. Using live observations and video footage of these drills, evacuation data were collected, focusing on the pre-evacuation times, the routes employed, the travel speeds adopted and the<br/>arrival times. These data informed a range of a posteriori simulations, conducted by using four computer models (buildingEXODUS, MassMotion, Pathfinder and STEPS) and the Society of Fire Protection Engineering hydraulic model (i.e. Society of Fire Protection Engineering hand calculations). Comparisons were drawn between the models’ output and against the observed outcome for one of the trials to determine the accuracy of the model predictions given that they were configured by using the initial conditions for a specific evacuation. The purpose of this work is to (1) provide insight into the configuration of these models for equivalent scenarios, (2) examine any variation in the simulated conditions given equivalent initial conditions, and (3) provide suggestions on how to perform validation studies for multiple evacuation models.},
  author       = {Cuesta, Arturo and Ronchi, Enrico and Gwynne, S. M. V. and Kinsey, Michael and Hunt, Aoife},
  issn         = {1099-1018},
  keyword      = {data collection,evacuation modelling ,validation,school evacuation,egress simulations,unannounced evacuation drill},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Fire and Materials},
  title        = {School egress data: comparing the configuration and validation of five egress modelling tools},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fam.2405},
  year         = {2016},
}