Advanced

What can the State do for you? : Relocation Allowances and Regional Subsidies in Post-War Sweden

Molinder, Jakob LU ; Ottosson, Jan ; Andersson-Skog, Lena and Magnusson, Lars (2017) In Scandinavian Journal of History 42(3). p.273-298
Abstract
It has been suggested that Swedish policy during the early postwar period was strongly directed towards mobility increasing expenditures, most notably relocation allowances, aimed at moving labor from north to south. While this view has dominated the academic discussion on labor market policy there is little direct evidence. We make three claims. First, the relocation allowances have to be evaluated against the regional policy. Second, by doing so we show that the mobility oriented policy was predominant only for a short period of time. In the early 1970s, there was a decisive shift towards a policy directed at stimulating employment in the north. Third, drawing on this, we reevaluate the previous view on policy making in Sweden. Our... (More)
It has been suggested that Swedish policy during the early postwar period was strongly directed towards mobility increasing expenditures, most notably relocation allowances, aimed at moving labor from north to south. While this view has dominated the academic discussion on labor market policy there is little direct evidence. We make three claims. First, the relocation allowances have to be evaluated against the regional policy. Second, by doing so we show that the mobility oriented policy was predominant only for a short period of time. In the early 1970s, there was a decisive shift towards a policy directed at stimulating employment in the north. Third, drawing on this, we reevaluate the previous view on policy making in Sweden. Our analysis suggests that the Social Democratic government acted in a voter maximizing way. The relocation allowances were introduced at the behest of the Trade Union Confederation (LO). The regional subsidies were expanded when voter sentiment turned against the perceived depletion of rural regions. However, this strategy interacted with the political and institutional environment. The new election law in 1970 and political competition from the Center Party pushed the Social Democrats to shift their policies on regional subsidies. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; ; and
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Swedish model, subsidies, relocation allowances, regional policy, post-war period, economic history
in
Scandinavian Journal of History
volume
42
issue
3
pages
26 pages
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:85018249813
ISSN
0346-8755
DOI
10.1080/03468755.2017.1318337
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
3bfdd807-a7cf-4785-9b77-9f0f2b6ca547
date added to LUP
2018-02-21 12:21:25
date last changed
2020-01-13 00:28:36
@article{3bfdd807-a7cf-4785-9b77-9f0f2b6ca547,
  abstract     = {It has been suggested that Swedish policy during the early postwar period was strongly directed towards mobility increasing expenditures, most notably relocation allowances, aimed at moving labor from north to south. While this view has dominated the academic discussion on labor market policy there is little direct evidence. We make three claims. First, the relocation allowances have to be evaluated against the regional policy. Second, by doing so we show that the mobility oriented policy was predominant only for a short period of time. In the early 1970s, there was a decisive shift towards a policy directed at stimulating employment in the north. Third, drawing on this, we reevaluate the previous view on policy making in Sweden. Our analysis suggests that the Social Democratic government acted in a voter maximizing way. The relocation allowances were introduced at the behest of the Trade Union Confederation (LO). The regional subsidies were expanded when voter sentiment turned against the perceived depletion of rural regions. However, this strategy interacted with the political and institutional environment. The new election law in 1970 and political competition from the Center Party pushed the Social Democrats to shift their policies on regional subsidies.},
  author       = {Molinder, Jakob and Ottosson, Jan and Andersson-Skog, Lena and Magnusson, Lars},
  issn         = {0346-8755},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {273--298},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of History},
  title        = {What can the State do for you? : Relocation Allowances and Regional Subsidies in Post-War Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03468755.2017.1318337},
  doi          = {10.1080/03468755.2017.1318337},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2017},
}