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RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal, CAS Registry Number 65405-84-7

Api, A. M. ; Belsito, D. ; Botelho, D. ; Bruze, M. LU ; Burton, G. A. ; Buschmann, J. ; Cancellieri, M. A. ; Dagli, M. L. ; Date, M. and Dekant, W. , et al. (2022) In Food and Chemical Toxicology 161.
Abstract

The existing information supports the use of this material as described in this safety assessment. 4-(2,6,6-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal was evaluated for genotoxicity, repeated dose toxicity, reproductive toxicity, local respiratory toxicity, phototoxicity/photoallergenicity, skin sensitization, and environmental safety. Data show that 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal is not genotoxic. The repeated dose, reproductive, and local respiratory toxicity endpoints were evaluated using the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) for a Cramer Class I material, and the exposure to 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal is below the TTC (0.03 mg/kg/day, 0.03 mg/kg/day, and 1.4 mg/day, respectively). Data... (More)

The existing information supports the use of this material as described in this safety assessment. 4-(2,6,6-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal was evaluated for genotoxicity, repeated dose toxicity, reproductive toxicity, local respiratory toxicity, phototoxicity/photoallergenicity, skin sensitization, and environmental safety. Data show that 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal is not genotoxic. The repeated dose, reproductive, and local respiratory toxicity endpoints were evaluated using the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) for a Cramer Class I material, and the exposure to 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal is below the TTC (0.03 mg/kg/day, 0.03 mg/kg/day, and 1.4 mg/day, respectively). Data provided 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal a No Expected Sensitization Induction Level (NESIL) of 1100 μg/cm2 for the skin sensitization endpoint. The phototoxicity/photoallergenicity endpoints were evaluated based on data and ultraviolet/visible (UV/Vis) spectra; 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal is not expected to be phototoxic/photoallergenic. The environmental endpoints were evaluated; 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal was found not to be Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic (PBT) as per the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) Environmental Standards, and its risk quotients, based on its current volume of use in Europe and North America (i.e., Predicted Environmental Concentration/Predicted No Effect Concentration [PEC/PNEC]), are <1.

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publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Food and Chemical Toxicology
volume
161
article number
112865
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85124885936
  • pmid:35176436
ISSN
0278-6915
DOI
10.1016/j.fct.2022.112865
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
3c34db3b-1b7f-4b57-98e4-ba856026c64f
date added to LUP
2022-04-13 14:21:03
date last changed
2022-09-25 04:58:53
@article{3c34db3b-1b7f-4b57-98e4-ba856026c64f,
  abstract     = {{<p>The existing information supports the use of this material as described in this safety assessment. 4-(2,6,6-Trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal was evaluated for genotoxicity, repeated dose toxicity, reproductive toxicity, local respiratory toxicity, phototoxicity/photoallergenicity, skin sensitization, and environmental safety. Data show that 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal is not genotoxic. The repeated dose, reproductive, and local respiratory toxicity endpoints were evaluated using the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) for a Cramer Class I material, and the exposure to 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal is below the TTC (0.03 mg/kg/day, 0.03 mg/kg/day, and 1.4 mg/day, respectively). Data provided 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal a No Expected Sensitization Induction Level (NESIL) of 1100 μg/cm<sup>2</sup> for the skin sensitization endpoint. The phototoxicity/photoallergenicity endpoints were evaluated based on data and ultraviolet/visible (UV/Vis) spectra; 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal is not expected to be phototoxic/photoallergenic. The environmental endpoints were evaluated; 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal was found not to be Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic (PBT) as per the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) Environmental Standards, and its risk quotients, based on its current volume of use in Europe and North America (i.e., Predicted Environmental Concentration/Predicted No Effect Concentration [PEC/PNEC]), are &lt;1.</p>}},
  author       = {{Api, A. M. and Belsito, D. and Botelho, D. and Bruze, M. and Burton, G. A. and Buschmann, J. and Cancellieri, M. A. and Dagli, M. L. and Date, M. and Dekant, W. and Deodhar, C. and Fryer, A. D. and Jones, L. and Joshi, K. and Kumar, M. and Lapczynski, A. and Lavelle, M. and Lee, I. and Liebler, D. C. and Moustakas, H. and Na, M. and Penning, T. M. and Ritacco, G. and Romine, J. and Sadekar, N. and Schultz, T. W. and Selechnik, D. and Siddiqi, F. and Sipes, I. G. and Sullivan, G. and Thakkar, Y. and Tokura, Y.}},
  issn         = {{0278-6915}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  publisher    = {{Elsevier}},
  series       = {{Food and Chemical Toxicology}},
  title        = {{RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen)-2-methylbutanal, CAS Registry Number 65405-84-7}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2022.112865}},
  doi          = {{10.1016/j.fct.2022.112865}},
  volume       = {{161}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}