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Coping and suicide risk in high risk psychiatric patients

Ambrus, Livia LU ; Sunnqvist, Charlotta; Asp, Marie LU ; Westling, Sofie LU and Westrin, Åsa LU (2017) In Journal of Mental Health p.1-6
Abstract

Background: A dysfunctional use of coping strategies has repeatedly been linked to suicidal behaviour in non-psychiatric populations. However, data regarding association between coping strategies and suicidal behaviour in psychiatric populations are limited. Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the possible relationship between self-reported suicide risk, suicidal ideation and coping strategies in three psychiatric cohorts. Method: Three cohorts of psychiatric patients were involved in the study; recent suicide attempters (n = 55), suicide attempters at follow-up 12 years after a suicide attempt (n = 38) and patients with ongoing depression without attempted suicide (n = 72). Patients filled in the self-rating version of The... (More)

Background: A dysfunctional use of coping strategies has repeatedly been linked to suicidal behaviour in non-psychiatric populations. However, data regarding association between coping strategies and suicidal behaviour in psychiatric populations are limited. Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the possible relationship between self-reported suicide risk, suicidal ideation and coping strategies in three psychiatric cohorts. Method: Three cohorts of psychiatric patients were involved in the study; recent suicide attempters (n = 55), suicide attempters at follow-up 12 years after a suicide attempt (n = 38) and patients with ongoing depression without attempted suicide (n = 72). Patients filled in the self-rating version of The Suicide Assessment Scale (SUAS-S) from which items no. 17–20 addressing current suicidal ideation were extracted. To investigate coping strategies, the Coping Orientation of Problem Experience Inventory (COPE) was used. Results: In all cohorts, regression analyses showed that only avoidant coping was significantly correlated with the scores of SUAS-S adjusted for covariates. The items no. 17–20 correlated significantly to avoidant coping but not with other coping strategies in all cohorts. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that among coping strategies only avoidant coping may be associated with suicide risk in psychiatric patients independently of history of attempted suicide.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
attempted suicide, avoidant coping, Coping, suicide risk
in
Journal of Mental Health
pages
6 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85038635415
ISSN
0963-8237
DOI
10.1080/09638237.2017.1417547
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3c391a48-712a-4b05-8a6d-b86605d4498e
date added to LUP
2018-01-02 15:40:43
date last changed
2018-01-10 11:44:05
@article{3c391a48-712a-4b05-8a6d-b86605d4498e,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: A dysfunctional use of coping strategies has repeatedly been linked to suicidal behaviour in non-psychiatric populations. However, data regarding association between coping strategies and suicidal behaviour in psychiatric populations are limited. Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the possible relationship between self-reported suicide risk, suicidal ideation and coping strategies in three psychiatric cohorts. Method: Three cohorts of psychiatric patients were involved in the study; recent suicide attempters (n = 55), suicide attempters at follow-up 12 years after a suicide attempt (n = 38) and patients with ongoing depression without attempted suicide (n = 72). Patients filled in the self-rating version of The Suicide Assessment Scale (SUAS-S) from which items no. 17–20 addressing current suicidal ideation were extracted. To investigate coping strategies, the Coping Orientation of Problem Experience Inventory (COPE) was used. Results: In all cohorts, regression analyses showed that only avoidant coping was significantly correlated with the scores of SUAS-S adjusted for covariates. The items no. 17–20 correlated significantly to avoidant coping but not with other coping strategies in all cohorts. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that among coping strategies only avoidant coping may be associated with suicide risk in psychiatric patients independently of history of attempted suicide.</p>},
  author       = {Ambrus, Livia and Sunnqvist, Charlotta and Asp, Marie and Westling, Sofie and Westrin, Åsa},
  issn         = {0963-8237},
  keyword      = {attempted suicide,avoidant coping,Coping,suicide risk},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  pages        = {1--6},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Mental Health},
  title        = {Coping and suicide risk in high risk psychiatric patients},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2017.1417547},
  year         = {2017},
}