Advanced

Biological citizenship in relation to medical counseling and medical genetics

Tunlid, Anna LU and Björkman, Maria (2017) The Body Politic: States in the History of Medicine and Health
Abstract (Swedish)
Our presentation builds on a research project on the emergence of medical genetics and genetic counselling in Sweden 1940-1980. During our study, we have been able to track some aspects of biological, or eugenic, citizenship throughout this period.
In Sweden, a rudimentary form of genetic counselling can be tracked within the context of state-controlled eugenics, namely in some applications of the 1941 Sterilization Act. From traces of this activity, it is evident that a form of biological/eugenic citizenship existed at this time, as an individual response to the Swedish eugenic program. Other forms of genetic counselling took place within the Department of Medical genetics (former Institute for Race Biology) in Uppsala during the... (More)
Our presentation builds on a research project on the emergence of medical genetics and genetic counselling in Sweden 1940-1980. During our study, we have been able to track some aspects of biological, or eugenic, citizenship throughout this period.
In Sweden, a rudimentary form of genetic counselling can be tracked within the context of state-controlled eugenics, namely in some applications of the 1941 Sterilization Act. From traces of this activity, it is evident that a form of biological/eugenic citizenship existed at this time, as an individual response to the Swedish eugenic program. Other forms of genetic counselling took place within the Department of Medical genetics (former Institute for Race Biology) in Uppsala during the 1950s. Geneticists trained at the Department, contributed to the spreading of medical genetics and genetic counselling from an academic setting to the clinic, as they launched and established clinical genetics departments within the Swedish health care system across the country in the 1970s. This generation of geneticists clearly
argued for individual reproductive autonomy, and against the state-controlled eugenics of the past. However, when the diagnostic method of amniocentesis was introduced in Swedish health care, the prospects of this technology seems to have revived some eugenic ideas among geneticists. These ideas were present in discussions of the socio-economic outcomes of prenatal diagnosis and genetic counselling. The new technology also affected individual women and families, adding new facets to the development of biological/eugenic citizenship, individual autonomy and reproductive responsibility of the time. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
subject
conference name
The Body Politic: States in the History of Medicine and Health
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3df9a37e-9bec-4bec-b846-42dbe39138fa
date added to LUP
2017-10-16 18:13:56
date last changed
2017-11-09 15:36:57
@misc{3df9a37e-9bec-4bec-b846-42dbe39138fa,
  abstract     = {Our presentation builds on a research project on the emergence of medical genetics and genetic counselling in Sweden 1940-1980. During our study, we have been able to track some aspects of biological, or eugenic, citizenship throughout this period.<br/>In Sweden, a rudimentary form of genetic counselling can be tracked within the context of state-controlled eugenics, namely in some applications of the 1941 Sterilization Act. From traces of this activity, it is evident that a form of biological/eugenic citizenship existed at this time, as an individual response to the Swedish eugenic program. Other forms of genetic  counselling took place within the Department of Medical genetics (former Institute for Race Biology) in Uppsala during the 1950s. Geneticists trained at the Department, contributed to the spreading of medical genetics and genetic counselling from an academic setting to the clinic, as they launched and established clinical genetics departments within the Swedish health care system across the country in the 1970s. This generation of geneticists clearly<br/>argued for individual reproductive autonomy, and against the state-controlled eugenics of the past. However, when the diagnostic method of amniocentesis was introduced in Swedish health care, the prospects of this technology seems to have revived some eugenic ideas among geneticists. These ideas were present in discussions of the socio-economic outcomes of prenatal diagnosis and genetic counselling. The new technology also affected individual women and families, adding new facets to the development of biological/eugenic citizenship, individual autonomy and reproductive responsibility of the time.},
  author       = {Tunlid, Anna and Björkman, Maria},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Biological citizenship in relation to medical counseling and medical genetics},
  year         = {2017},
}