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Contexts and conditions for a level playing field : Elite athletes' perspectives on anti-doping in practice

Efverström, Anna; Bäckström, Åsa; Ahmadi, Nader and Hoff, David LU (2016) In Performance Enhancement and Health 5(2). p.77-85
Abstract

The implementation of global anti-doping regulations was intended to provide a level playing field for all athletes entering sports competitions. However, studies have shown that the worldwide harmonization of rules has not been entirely efficacious. For instance, great variation has been found in how anti-doping organizations implement anti-doping regulations, and it has also been shown that athletes distrust the equivalence of the worldwide rules as regards their effects. The purpose of the present article is to examine how elite athletes from different contexts experience anti-doping procedures and to analyse the legitimacy of anti-doping practice. In order to capture a variety of voices and perspectives, 13 elite athletes from five... (More)

The implementation of global anti-doping regulations was intended to provide a level playing field for all athletes entering sports competitions. However, studies have shown that the worldwide harmonization of rules has not been entirely efficacious. For instance, great variation has been found in how anti-doping organizations implement anti-doping regulations, and it has also been shown that athletes distrust the equivalence of the worldwide rules as regards their effects. The purpose of the present article is to examine how elite athletes from different contexts experience anti-doping procedures and to analyse the legitimacy of anti-doping practice. In order to capture a variety of voices and perspectives, 13 elite athletes from five different continents and three international sports federations were interviewed. The analysis shows that when global anti-doping policy is implemented in different contexts and under different conditions, inequities and structural injustices emerge concerning infrastructure, knowledge and support at the individual athlete level. These consequences may have implications for the legitimacy of anti-doping work, because the existence of procedural justice may be called into questioned. We therefore suggest that anti-doping policy-making should be based on taking into account these different conditions and being aware of the perspectives that underpin regulations intended to be applied global.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Anti-doping, Doping in sports, Harmonization, Legitimacy, Sports policy
in
Performance Enhancement and Health
volume
5
issue
2
pages
77 - 85
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84994234525
ISSN
2211-2669
DOI
10.1016/j.peh.2016.08.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3e62f72e-6693-4318-887f-c748c4a6bc64
date added to LUP
2016-12-05 13:55:53
date last changed
2017-01-16 15:36:17
@article{3e62f72e-6693-4318-887f-c748c4a6bc64,
  abstract     = {<p>The implementation of global anti-doping regulations was intended to provide a level playing field for all athletes entering sports competitions. However, studies have shown that the worldwide harmonization of rules has not been entirely efficacious. For instance, great variation has been found in how anti-doping organizations implement anti-doping regulations, and it has also been shown that athletes distrust the equivalence of the worldwide rules as regards their effects. The purpose of the present article is to examine how elite athletes from different contexts experience anti-doping procedures and to analyse the legitimacy of anti-doping practice. In order to capture a variety of voices and perspectives, 13 elite athletes from five different continents and three international sports federations were interviewed. The analysis shows that when global anti-doping policy is implemented in different contexts and under different conditions, inequities and structural injustices emerge concerning infrastructure, knowledge and support at the individual athlete level. These consequences may have implications for the legitimacy of anti-doping work, because the existence of procedural justice may be called into questioned. We therefore suggest that anti-doping policy-making should be based on taking into account these different conditions and being aware of the perspectives that underpin regulations intended to be applied global.</p>},
  author       = {Efverström, Anna and Bäckström, Åsa and Ahmadi, Nader and Hoff, David},
  issn         = {2211-2669},
  keyword      = {Anti-doping,Doping in sports,Harmonization,Legitimacy,Sports policy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {77--85},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Performance Enhancement and Health},
  title        = {Contexts and conditions for a level playing field : Elite athletes' perspectives on anti-doping in practice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.peh.2016.08.001},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2016},
}