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Prenatal and postnatal maternal smoking as risk factors for preschool children's mental health

Hook, B ; Cederblad, Marianne LU and Berg, R (2006) In Acta Pædiatrica 95(6). p.671-677
Abstract
Aim: To identify maternal prenatal and postnatal smoking as risk factors for psychosocial behaviour problems in Swedish preschool children. Methods: This prospective, longitudinal population study compared mothers' self-reported smoking during pregnancy and when the child was 3 mo old with behaviour problems according to Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist at 3 y ( 1428 children) and 5.5 y of age ( 677 of the children). Results: 16% of the mothers smoked during pregnancy and the same number after the birth of the child. Controlling for possible confounding variables, maternal smoking was significantly related to externalizing problems, aggressive behaviour, and destructive/delinquent behaviour both at 3 y and 5.5 y. The effect was as... (More)
Aim: To identify maternal prenatal and postnatal smoking as risk factors for psychosocial behaviour problems in Swedish preschool children. Methods: This prospective, longitudinal population study compared mothers' self-reported smoking during pregnancy and when the child was 3 mo old with behaviour problems according to Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist at 3 y ( 1428 children) and 5.5 y of age ( 677 of the children). Results: 16% of the mothers smoked during pregnancy and the same number after the birth of the child. Controlling for possible confounding variables, maternal smoking was significantly related to externalizing problems, aggressive behaviour, and destructive/delinquent behaviour both at 3 y and 5.5 y. The effect was as strong for girls as for boys. Length and weight were lower for children of smoking mothers than for children of non-smoking mothers. Conclusion: Our study supports the importance of preventing maternal smoking during pregnancy and the infant years. Even a few cigarettes per day have negative consequences for the child. The goal must be total abstinence from smoking both pre- and postnatally. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
preschool children, pregnancy, behaviour problems, maternal smoking
in
Acta Pædiatrica
volume
95
issue
6
pages
671 - 677
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000238197800006
  • scopus:33745094642
ISSN
1651-2227
DOI
10.1111/j.1651-2227.2006.tb02314.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3dfeddc1-9066-434d-a708-c0358855f33d (old id 406923)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 16:20:53
date last changed
2021-09-29 05:01:28
@article{3dfeddc1-9066-434d-a708-c0358855f33d,
  abstract     = {Aim: To identify maternal prenatal and postnatal smoking as risk factors for psychosocial behaviour problems in Swedish preschool children. Methods: This prospective, longitudinal population study compared mothers' self-reported smoking during pregnancy and when the child was 3 mo old with behaviour problems according to Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist at 3 y ( 1428 children) and 5.5 y of age ( 677 of the children). Results: 16% of the mothers smoked during pregnancy and the same number after the birth of the child. Controlling for possible confounding variables, maternal smoking was significantly related to externalizing problems, aggressive behaviour, and destructive/delinquent behaviour both at 3 y and 5.5 y. The effect was as strong for girls as for boys. Length and weight were lower for children of smoking mothers than for children of non-smoking mothers. Conclusion: Our study supports the importance of preventing maternal smoking during pregnancy and the infant years. Even a few cigarettes per day have negative consequences for the child. The goal must be total abstinence from smoking both pre- and postnatally.},
  author       = {Hook, B and Cederblad, Marianne and Berg, R},
  issn         = {1651-2227},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {671--677},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Pædiatrica},
  title        = {Prenatal and postnatal maternal smoking as risk factors for preschool children's mental health},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2006.tb02314.x},
  doi          = {10.1111/j.1651-2227.2006.tb02314.x},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2006},
}