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Benefits of GIS Application in Hydrological Modeling: A Brief Summary

Khatami, Sina LU and Khazaei, Bahram (2014) In Vatten: tidskrift för vattenvård /Journal of Water Management and research 70(1). p.41-49
Abstract
During recent years, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a powerful tool have had a tremendous impact on research techniques in the realm of geography and spatial analysis. The integrative ability of GIS to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and finally present all types of geographical spatial data, has drawn many attentions to it. Water Resources Engineering as a interdisciplinary field requires modeling and analyzing data with different spatial resolutions. Therefore, GIS could definitely be utilized as a suitable tool for solving water resources problems from local to global scale. This paper tries to present the larger scheme of the benefits for the applications of GIS in water resources and hydrological modeling in... (More)
During recent years, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a powerful tool have had a tremendous impact on research techniques in the realm of geography and spatial analysis. The integrative ability of GIS to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and finally present all types of geographical spatial data, has drawn many attentions to it. Water Resources Engineering as a interdisciplinary field requires modeling and analyzing data with different spatial resolutions. Therefore, GIS could definitely be utilized as a suitable tool for solving water resources problems from local to global scale. This paper tries to present the larger scheme of the benefits for the applications of GIS in water resources and hydrological modeling in particular. Certainly, within the few pages ahead only the surface is scratched and a more thorough and comprehensive review requires more time and effort. The fundamental reason for the need of integrating GIS and hydrological modeling is briefly discussed and different tools are introduced. Also, various examples of GIS application are presented to create a better understanding. Case studies such as the Wadi Madoneh Basin in Jordan, Kuronagi River in Japan and San Antonio River Basin in Central Texas, USA, are presented. The good agreement between the results from a fairly simple GIS model and observations in cases such as Kuronagi River and Wadi Madoneh is indicating a promising future for GIS application in hydrological modeling. Finally, the benefits of GIS utilization in the field are discussed and summarized. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
GIS, hydrological modeling, surface hydrology, rainfall-runoff modeling
in
Vatten: tidskrift för vattenvård /Journal of Water Management and research
volume
70
issue
1
pages
41 - 49
publisher
Föreningen Vatten
ISSN
0042-2886
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b8d71cc6-374e-4c1f-993a-902377de6b11 (old id 4091541)
date added to LUP
2013-10-14 08:09:54
date last changed
2016-09-30 05:46:03
@article{b8d71cc6-374e-4c1f-993a-902377de6b11,
  abstract     = {During recent years, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a powerful tool have had a tremendous impact on research techniques in the realm of geography and spatial analysis. The integrative ability of GIS to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and finally present all types of geographical spatial data, has drawn many attentions to it. Water Resources Engineering as a interdisciplinary field requires modeling and analyzing data with different spatial resolutions. Therefore, GIS could definitely be utilized as a suitable tool for solving water resources problems from local to global scale. This paper tries to present the larger scheme of the benefits for the applications of GIS in water resources and hydrological modeling in particular. Certainly, within the few pages ahead only the surface is scratched and a more thorough and comprehensive review requires more time and effort. The fundamental reason for the need of integrating GIS and hydrological modeling is briefly discussed and different tools are introduced. Also, various examples of GIS application are presented to create a better understanding. Case studies such as the Wadi Madoneh Basin in Jordan, Kuronagi River in Japan and San Antonio River Basin in Central Texas, USA, are presented. The good agreement between the results from a fairly simple GIS model and observations in cases such as Kuronagi River and Wadi Madoneh is indicating a promising future for GIS application in hydrological modeling. Finally, the benefits of GIS utilization in the field are discussed and summarized.},
  author       = {Khatami, Sina and Khazaei, Bahram},
  issn         = {0042-2886},
  keyword      = {GIS,hydrological modeling,surface hydrology,rainfall-runoff modeling},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {41--49},
  publisher    = {Föreningen Vatten},
  series       = {Vatten: tidskrift för vattenvård /Journal of Water Management and research},
  title        = {Benefits of GIS Application in Hydrological Modeling: A Brief Summary},
  volume       = {70},
  year         = {2014},
}