Skip to main content

Lund University Publications

LUND UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

Consumption of both resistant starch and beta-glucan improves postprandial plasma glucose and insulin in women

Behall, KM ; Scholfield, DJ ; Hallfrisch, JG and Liljeberg-Elmståhl, Helena LU (2006) In Diabetes Care 29(5). p.976-981
Abstract
OBJECTIVE - Consumption of a meal high in resistant starch or soluble fiber (P-glucan) decreases peak insulin and glucose concentrations and areas under the curve (AUCs). The objective was to determine whether the effects of soluble fiber and resistant starch on glycemic variables are additive. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Ten normal-weight (43.5 years of age, BMI 22.0 kg/m(2)) and 10 overweight women (43.3 years of age, BMI 30.4 kg/m(2)) consumed 10 tolerance meals in a Latin square design. Meals (1 g carbohydrate/kg body wt) were glucose a ne or muffins made with different levels of soluble fiber (0.26, 0.68, or 2.3 g beta-glucan/100 g muffin) and three levels of resistant starch (0.71, 2.57, or 5.06 g/100 g muffin). RESULTS -... (More)
OBJECTIVE - Consumption of a meal high in resistant starch or soluble fiber (P-glucan) decreases peak insulin and glucose concentrations and areas under the curve (AUCs). The objective was to determine whether the effects of soluble fiber and resistant starch on glycemic variables are additive. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Ten normal-weight (43.5 years of age, BMI 22.0 kg/m(2)) and 10 overweight women (43.3 years of age, BMI 30.4 kg/m(2)) consumed 10 tolerance meals in a Latin square design. Meals (1 g carbohydrate/kg body wt) were glucose a ne or muffins made with different levels of soluble fiber (0.26, 0.68, or 2.3 g beta-glucan/100 g muffin) and three levels of resistant starch (0.71, 2.57, or 5.06 g/100 g muffin). RESULTS - Overweight subjects had plasma insulin concentrations higher than those of normal-weight subjects but maintained similar plasma glucose levels. Compared with low beta-glucan-low resistant starch muffins, glucose and insulin AUC decreased when beta-glucan (17 and 33%, respectively) or resistant Starch (24 and 38%, respectively) content was increased. The greatest AUC reduction occurred after meals containing both high beta-glucan-high resistant Starch (33 and 59% lower AUC for glucose and insulin, respectively). Overweight women were somewhat more insulin resistant than control women. CONCLUSIONS - Soluble fiber appears to have a greater effect on postprandial insulin response while glucose reduction is greater after resistant starch from high-amylose cornstarch. The reduction in glycemic response was enhanced by combining resistant starch and soluble fiber. Consumption of foods containing moderate amounts of these fibers may improve glucose metabolism in both normal and overweight women. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Diabetes Care
volume
29
issue
5
pages
976 - 981
publisher
American Diabetes Association
external identifiers
  • wos:000237278100003
  • pmid:16644623
  • scopus:33746360273
ISSN
1935-5548
DOI
10.2337/dc05-2012
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (011001000)
id
f8e46827-eb6b-42ad-a209-123f7875945b (old id 410488)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 16:03:18
date last changed
2021-03-09 02:39:45
@article{f8e46827-eb6b-42ad-a209-123f7875945b,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE - Consumption of a meal high in resistant starch or soluble fiber (P-glucan) decreases peak insulin and glucose concentrations and areas under the curve (AUCs). The objective was to determine whether the effects of soluble fiber and resistant starch on glycemic variables are additive. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Ten normal-weight (43.5 years of age, BMI 22.0 kg/m(2)) and 10 overweight women (43.3 years of age, BMI 30.4 kg/m(2)) consumed 10 tolerance meals in a Latin square design. Meals (1 g carbohydrate/kg body wt) were glucose a ne or muffins made with different levels of soluble fiber (0.26, 0.68, or 2.3 g beta-glucan/100 g muffin) and three levels of resistant starch (0.71, 2.57, or 5.06 g/100 g muffin). RESULTS - Overweight subjects had plasma insulin concentrations higher than those of normal-weight subjects but maintained similar plasma glucose levels. Compared with low beta-glucan-low resistant starch muffins, glucose and insulin AUC decreased when beta-glucan (17 and 33%, respectively) or resistant Starch (24 and 38%, respectively) content was increased. The greatest AUC reduction occurred after meals containing both high beta-glucan-high resistant Starch (33 and 59% lower AUC for glucose and insulin, respectively). Overweight women were somewhat more insulin resistant than control women. CONCLUSIONS - Soluble fiber appears to have a greater effect on postprandial insulin response while glucose reduction is greater after resistant starch from high-amylose cornstarch. The reduction in glycemic response was enhanced by combining resistant starch and soluble fiber. Consumption of foods containing moderate amounts of these fibers may improve glucose metabolism in both normal and overweight women.},
  author       = {Behall, KM and Scholfield, DJ and Hallfrisch, JG and Liljeberg-Elmståhl, Helena},
  issn         = {1935-5548},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {976--981},
  publisher    = {American Diabetes Association},
  series       = {Diabetes Care},
  title        = {Consumption of both resistant starch and beta-glucan improves postprandial plasma glucose and insulin in women},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc05-2012},
  doi          = {10.2337/dc05-2012},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2006},
}