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Det våras för journalisten : Symboler och handlingsmönster för den svenska pressens medarbetare från 1870-tal till 1930-tal

Jarlbrink, Johan LU (2009) In Mediehistoriskt arkiv 11.
Abstract
The aim of this thesis is to analyse how members of the Swedish press were represented in different media from the 1870s to the 1930s, how and why the representations were changed, and the way newspaper staff responded to them. The representations of journalists in novels, short stories, movies, press history, press debates, pictures in the funny papers and so on are analyzed as parts of the public image of journalism and journalists. Working journalists tried to control, change and use the representations to present themselves as legitimate and trustworthy. To understand this struggle for control of their public image the concept of role from Erving Goffman's dramaturgical theory of every day life is used. Using concepts from Pierre... (More)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse how members of the Swedish press were represented in different media from the 1870s to the 1930s, how and why the representations were changed, and the way newspaper staff responded to them. The representations of journalists in novels, short stories, movies, press history, press debates, pictures in the funny papers and so on are analyzed as parts of the public image of journalism and journalists. Working journalists tried to control, change and use the representations to present themselves as legitimate and trustworthy. To understand this struggle for control of their public image the concept of role from Erving Goffman's dramaturgical theory of every day life is used. Using concepts from Pierre Bourdieu, journalists with different roles and agendas for the press, are analyzed as actors trying to create a field with cultural capital and rules supporting their own interests. The major argument in this dissertation is that the struggle for change and control of the representations on one hand, and the effort to act according to public expectations on the other, was of great importance for the formation of journalism and the journalistic role. My focus is on the cultural process rather than the sociological professionalization.

Newspapers, novels and movies were arenas where the rules of journalism were negotiated and established. What was appreciated as good work and rewarded with cultural capital in the nineteenth century press, was political and literary essays and polemical articles, where the publicist could express his personal opinion. The ordinary newsworker, however, did not have the chance to write articles like that. The possibility for him to make a ‘name’ from what he produced was limited. This was gradually changing in the beginning of the twentieth century. The newspapers for the mass audience tried to attract new readers with sensational news, with headlines and pictures on the front page. The journalists’ duty was to deliver news that people wanted to read. This market driven logic was also incorporated in the cultural order of the journalistic field. To deliver big news was a way to get a name, acceptance and cultural capital. (Less)
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • Olsson, Tom, Södertörns högskola
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Media history, press history, cultural history, journalist, role, representation, journalistic field, narratives, 19th century, 20th century, Sweden
in
Mediehistoriskt arkiv
volume
11
pages
346 pages
publisher
Kungliga biblioteket
defense location
Linköpings universitet
defense date
2009-03-20 13:15
ISBN
978-91-88468-12-3
language
Swedish
LU publication?
no
id
878824d4-2e8f-4a25-9f0b-26816aee078c (old id 4144884)
date added to LUP
2012-11-28 10:27:09
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:20
@phdthesis{878824d4-2e8f-4a25-9f0b-26816aee078c,
  abstract     = {The aim of this thesis is to analyse how members of the Swedish press were represented in different media from the 1870s to the 1930s, how and why the representations were changed, and the way newspaper staff responded to them. The representations of journalists in novels, short stories, movies, press history, press debates, pictures in the funny papers and so on are analyzed as parts of the public image of journalism and journalists. Working journalists tried to control, change and use the representations to present themselves as legitimate and trustworthy. To understand this struggle for control of their public image the concept of role from Erving Goffman's dramaturgical theory of every day life is used. Using concepts from Pierre Bourdieu, journalists with different roles and agendas for the press, are analyzed as actors trying to create a field with cultural capital and rules supporting their own interests. The major argument in this dissertation is that the struggle for change and control of the representations on one hand, and the effort to act according to public expectations on the other, was of great importance for the formation of journalism and the journalistic role. My focus is on the cultural process rather than the sociological professionalization.<br/><br>
 Newspapers, novels and movies were arenas where the rules of journalism were negotiated and established. What was appreciated as good work and rewarded with cultural capital in the nineteenth century press, was political and literary essays and polemical articles, where the publicist could express his personal opinion. The ordinary newsworker, however, did not have the chance to write articles like that. The possibility for him to make a ‘name’ from what he produced was limited. This was gradually changing in the beginning of the twentieth century. The newspapers for the mass audience tried to attract new readers with sensational news, with headlines and pictures on the front page. The journalists’ duty was to deliver news that people wanted to read. This market driven logic was also incorporated in the cultural order of the journalistic field. To deliver big news was a way to get a name, acceptance and cultural capital.},
  author       = {Jarlbrink, Johan},
  isbn         = {978-91-88468-12-3},
  keyword      = {Media history,press history,cultural history,journalist,role,representation,journalistic field,narratives,19th century,20th century,Sweden},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {346},
  publisher    = {Kungliga biblioteket},
  series       = {Mediehistoriskt arkiv},
  title        = {Det våras för journalisten : Symboler och handlingsmönster för den svenska pressens medarbetare från 1870-tal till 1930-tal},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2009},
}