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Holocene treeline history and climate change across northern Eurasia

MacDonald, GM; Velichko, AA; Kremenetski, CV; Borisova, OK; Goleva, AA; Andreev, AA; Cwynar, LC; Riding, RT; Forman, SL and Edwards, TWD, et al. (2000) In Quaternary Research 53(3). p.302-311
Abstract
Radiocarbon-dated macrofossils are used to document Holocene treeline history across northern Russia (including Siberia), Boreal forest development in this region commenced by 10,000 yr B.P, Over most of Russia, forest advanced to or near the current arctic coastline between 9000 and 7000 yr B.P. and retreated to its present position by between 4000 and 3000 yr B.P. Forest establishment and retreat was roughly synchronous across most of northern Russia, Treeline advance on the Kola Peninsula, however, appears to have occurred later than in other regions. During the period of maximum forest extension, the mean July temperatures along the northern coastline of Russia may have been 2.5 degrees to 7.0 degrees C warmer than modern. The... (More)
Radiocarbon-dated macrofossils are used to document Holocene treeline history across northern Russia (including Siberia), Boreal forest development in this region commenced by 10,000 yr B.P, Over most of Russia, forest advanced to or near the current arctic coastline between 9000 and 7000 yr B.P. and retreated to its present position by between 4000 and 3000 yr B.P. Forest establishment and retreat was roughly synchronous across most of northern Russia, Treeline advance on the Kola Peninsula, however, appears to have occurred later than in other regions. During the period of maximum forest extension, the mean July temperatures along the northern coastline of Russia may have been 2.5 degrees to 7.0 degrees C warmer than modern. The development of forest and expansion of treeline likely reflects a number of complimentary environmental conditions, including heightened summer insolation, the demise of Eurasian ice sheets, reduced sea-ice cover, greater continentality with eustatically lower sea level, and extreme Arctic penetration of warm North Atlantic waters. The late Holocene retreat of Eurasian treeline coincides with declining summer insolation, cooling arctic waters, and neoglaciation, (C) 2000 University of Washington. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
treeline, climate change, Holocene, Arctic, Russia, Siberia, macrofossils
in
Quaternary Research
volume
53
issue
3
pages
302 - 311
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000087246800004
  • scopus:0034039149
ISSN
0033-5894
DOI
10.1006/qres.1999.2123
language
English
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yes
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6303e9e4-41b7-4d5a-b90d-6db0c0ca4964 (old id 4157577)
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2013-11-21 10:37:50
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:43:24
@article{6303e9e4-41b7-4d5a-b90d-6db0c0ca4964,
  abstract     = {Radiocarbon-dated macrofossils are used to document Holocene treeline history across northern Russia (including Siberia), Boreal forest development in this region commenced by 10,000 yr B.P, Over most of Russia, forest advanced to or near the current arctic coastline between 9000 and 7000 yr B.P. and retreated to its present position by between 4000 and 3000 yr B.P. Forest establishment and retreat was roughly synchronous across most of northern Russia, Treeline advance on the Kola Peninsula, however, appears to have occurred later than in other regions. During the period of maximum forest extension, the mean July temperatures along the northern coastline of Russia may have been 2.5 degrees to 7.0 degrees C warmer than modern. The development of forest and expansion of treeline likely reflects a number of complimentary environmental conditions, including heightened summer insolation, the demise of Eurasian ice sheets, reduced sea-ice cover, greater continentality with eustatically lower sea level, and extreme Arctic penetration of warm North Atlantic waters. The late Holocene retreat of Eurasian treeline coincides with declining summer insolation, cooling arctic waters, and neoglaciation, (C) 2000 University of Washington.},
  author       = {MacDonald, GM and Velichko, AA and Kremenetski, CV and Borisova, OK and Goleva, AA and Andreev, AA and Cwynar, LC and Riding, RT and Forman, SL and Edwards, TWD and Aravena, R and Hammarlund, Dan and Szeicz, JM and Gattaulin, VN},
  issn         = {0033-5894},
  keyword      = {treeline,climate change,Holocene,Arctic,Russia,Siberia,macrofossils},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {302--311},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Quaternary Research},
  title        = {Holocene treeline history and climate change across northern Eurasia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/qres.1999.2123},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2000},
}