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City structure - societal driving forces and effects (in Book & Eskilsson: City structure. Why and how?)

Book, Karin LU (2001)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Varför ser staden ut som den gör? Vilka krafter ligger bakom bebyggelsens och transportsystemets utformning? Vad eller vilka aktörer har inflytande över hur staden utformas? Hur kan internationella olikheter i städers utformning förklaras? De krafter som formar staden är många och komplexa. Stadens struktur har under historiens gång påverkats av bland annat nya teknologier, sociala strukturer och planeringsidéer. I föreliggande bok, Stadens struktur. Varför och hur?, presenteras två doktorsavhandlingar som analyserar stadens struktur ur två perspektiv. Avhandlingarna består av såväl gemensamma som individuella delar och utgår från samma övergripande syften: att undersöka och analysera krafter som... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Varför ser staden ut som den gör? Vilka krafter ligger bakom bebyggelsens och transportsystemets utformning? Vad eller vilka aktörer har inflytande över hur staden utformas? Hur kan internationella olikheter i städers utformning förklaras? De krafter som formar staden är många och komplexa. Stadens struktur har under historiens gång påverkats av bland annat nya teknologier, sociala strukturer och planeringsidéer. I föreliggande bok, Stadens struktur. Varför och hur?, presenteras två doktorsavhandlingar som analyserar stadens struktur ur två perspektiv. Avhandlingarna består av såväl gemensamma som individuella delar och utgår från samma övergripande syften: att undersöka och analysera krafter som formar stadsstrukturen, att analysera hur dessa krafter tar sig uttryck i olika städer runt om i världen samt belysa internationella likheter och skillnader. Avhandlingarna, som utformats som sammanläggningsavhandlingar, baseras på artiklar, kompletterande litteratur och ett brett empiriskt material vilket omfattar såväl svenska som utländska städer.



Karin Books avhandling har titeln Stadens struktur - samhälleliga drivkrafter och effekter. Städer har förändrats över tiden i takt med att samhället i stort förändrats. Om man ska förstå varför städer ser ut som de gör måste man därför känna till vilka samhällsutvecklingsprocesser som påverkat dem under olika tidsperioder. I Books avhandling kallas de krafter som tillsammans formar samhällsutvecklingen för samhälleliga drivkrafter. Dessa utgörs av teknologisk, ekonomisk, social samt miljöstrategisk utveckling. Syftet med avhandlingen är att fördjupa kunskapen om stadens struktur utifrån hur olika samhälleliga drivkrafter har påverkat och påverkar denna. Med hjälp av drivkrafterna förklarar Book varför den stadsstrukturella utvecklingen gått från rumslig centralisering mot decentralisering - och nu åter i viss mån mot recentralisering - från rumslig koncentration mot utspridning och från rumslig integrering mot separering. Avhandlingen resulterar i en syntetisk sambandsmodell vilken förutom samhälleliga drivkrafter och stadsstruktur också behandlar lokala förutsättningar och lokala samhälleliga effekter. (Less)
Abstract
Why do cities appear the way they do? What are the underlying forces that contribute to its built environment and transport system? What/whom are the factors/actors that influence the ways in which the city is shaped? How can the international differences in the shape of cities be explained? The driving forces that shape the city are numerous and complex. City structure, has through the ages, been influenced by new technologies, social agencies and planning ideals.



This book, Stadens struktur. Varför och hur? (City structure. Why and how?) introduces two doctoral dissertations, where city structure is analysed from two perspectives. The dissertations consists of both shared and individual material or parts and has a... (More)
Why do cities appear the way they do? What are the underlying forces that contribute to its built environment and transport system? What/whom are the factors/actors that influence the ways in which the city is shaped? How can the international differences in the shape of cities be explained? The driving forces that shape the city are numerous and complex. City structure, has through the ages, been influenced by new technologies, social agencies and planning ideals.



This book, Stadens struktur. Varför och hur? (City structure. Why and how?) introduces two doctoral dissertations, where city structure is analysed from two perspectives. The dissertations consists of both shared and individual material or parts and has a common general goal: to investigate and analyse the driving forces that shape city structure and to analyse how these driving forces manifest themselves in different cities around the world by highlighting international similarities and differences. The dissertations are presented as a series of scientific articles, supplementary literature and extensive empirical material from both Swedish and foreign cities.



Karin Books' dissertation is entitled Stadens struktur - samhälleliga drivkrafter och effekter (City structure - societal driving forces and effects). Cities have changed over time due to changes in society. In gaining an understanding of why cities appear the way they do, it is important to conceive of the societal development processes that have influenced cities over different time periods. In Book's dissertation, the forces that shape societal development are known as societal driving forces. These forces consist of technological, economic, social and environmental-strategic developments. The intention of the dissertation is to gain deeper insight into city structure by analysing how the different societal driving forces have affected and still are affecting it. Aided by these driving forces, Book is able to explain why the structural development of the city has moved from spatial centralisation toward decentralisation - and presently, in a certain degree back toward recentralization - from spatial concentration toward dispersal and from spatial integration toward separation. The dissertation results in a connective-model synthesis that not only takes societal driving forces and city structure into consideration but also deals with local prerequisites and local societal effects. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Vilhelmson, Bertil
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Town and country planning, Socialgeografi, Social geography, local societal effects, local prerequisites, environmental-strategic development, social development, economic development, technological development, transport, city structure, built environment, Stads- och glesbygdsplanering, Economics of development, Utvecklingsekonomi
pages
303 pages
publisher
Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University
defense location
Sölvegatan 13, Lund
defense date
2001-09-14 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSAEG/AEG-01/141-SE
ISSN
0346-6787
ISBN
91-973-856-1-1
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
1db3f0fe-0e40-490a-bf77-4b01936a740c (old id 41724)
date added to LUP
2007-06-20 11:27:03
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:44:32
@phdthesis{1db3f0fe-0e40-490a-bf77-4b01936a740c,
  abstract     = {Why do cities appear the way they do? What are the underlying forces that contribute to its built environment and transport system? What/whom are the factors/actors that influence the ways in which the city is shaped? How can the international differences in the shape of cities be explained? The driving forces that shape the city are numerous and complex. City structure, has through the ages, been influenced by new technologies, social agencies and planning ideals.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
This book, Stadens struktur. Varför och hur? (City structure. Why and how?) introduces two doctoral dissertations, where city structure is analysed from two perspectives. The dissertations consists of both shared and individual material or parts and has a common general goal: to investigate and analyse the driving forces that shape city structure and to analyse how these driving forces manifest themselves in different cities around the world by highlighting international similarities and differences. The dissertations are presented as a series of scientific articles, supplementary literature and extensive empirical material from both Swedish and foreign cities.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Karin Books' dissertation is entitled Stadens struktur - samhälleliga drivkrafter och effekter (City structure - societal driving forces and effects). Cities have changed over time due to changes in society. In gaining an understanding of why cities appear the way they do, it is important to conceive of the societal development processes that have influenced cities over different time periods. In Book's dissertation, the forces that shape societal development are known as societal driving forces. These forces consist of technological, economic, social and environmental-strategic developments. The intention of the dissertation is to gain deeper insight into city structure by analysing how the different societal driving forces have affected and still are affecting it. Aided by these driving forces, Book is able to explain why the structural development of the city has moved from spatial centralisation toward decentralisation - and presently, in a certain degree back toward recentralization - from spatial concentration toward dispersal and from spatial integration toward separation. The dissertation results in a connective-model synthesis that not only takes societal driving forces and city structure into consideration but also deals with local prerequisites and local societal effects.},
  author       = {Book, Karin},
  isbn         = {91-973-856-1-1},
  issn         = {0346-6787},
  keyword      = {Town and country planning,Socialgeografi,Social geography,local societal effects,local prerequisites,environmental-strategic development,social development,economic development,technological development,transport,city structure,built environment,Stads- och glesbygdsplanering,Economics of development,Utvecklingsekonomi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {303},
  publisher    = {Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {City structure - societal driving forces and effects (in Book & Eskilsson: City structure. Why and how?)},
  year         = {2001},
}