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Multiculturalism, Memory, and Ritualization : Ukrainian Nationalist Monuments in Edmonton, Alberta

Rudling, Per Anders LU (2011) In Nationalities Papers 39(5). p.733-768
Abstract
Canadians of Ukrainian descent constitute a significant part of the population of the Albertan capital. Among other things, their presence is felt in the public space as Ukrainian monuments constitute a part of the landscape. The article studies three key monuments, physical manifestations of the ideology of local Ukrainian nationalist elites in Edmonton: a 1973 monument to nationalist leader Roman Shukhevych, a 1976 memorial constructed by the Ukrainian Waffen-SS in Edmonton, and a 1983 memorial to the 1932–1933 famine in the Ukrainian SSR. Representing a narrative of suffering, resistance, and redemption, all three monuments were organized by the same activists and are representative for the selective memory of an “ethnic” elite, which... (More)
Canadians of Ukrainian descent constitute a significant part of the population of the Albertan capital. Among other things, their presence is felt in the public space as Ukrainian monuments constitute a part of the landscape. The article studies three key monuments, physical manifestations of the ideology of local Ukrainian nationalist elites in Edmonton: a 1973 monument to nationalist leader Roman Shukhevych, a 1976 memorial constructed by the Ukrainian Waffen-SS in Edmonton, and a 1983 memorial to the 1932–1933 famine in the Ukrainian SSR. Representing a narrative of suffering, resistance, and redemption, all three monuments were organized by the same activists and are representative for the selective memory of an “ethnic” elite, which presents nationalist ideology as authentic Ukrainian cultural heritage. The narrative is based partly upon an uncritical cult of totalitarian, anti-Semitic, and terroristic political figures, whose war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and collaboration with Nazi Germany the nationalists deny and obfuscate. The article argues that government support and direct public funding has strengthened the radicals within the community and helped promulgate their mythology. In the case of the Ukrainian Canadian political elite, official multiculturalism underwrites a narrative at odds with the liberal democratic values it was intended to promote. The failure to deconstruct the “ethnic” building blocks of Canadian multiculturalism and the willingness to accept at face value the primordial claims and nationalist myths of “ethnic” groups has given Canadian multiculturalism the character of multi-nationalism. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to specialist publication or newspaper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ukrainian-Canadian, multiculturalism, multinationalism, monuments, memory, nationalism
categories
Higher Education
in
Nationalities Papers
volume
39
issue
5
pages
36 pages
publisher
Association for the Study of Nationalities, Routledge
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84858039934
ISSN
0090-5992
DOI
10.1080/00905992.2011.599375
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
16357f92-b89d-42bc-9dbf-98bdd193188d (old id 4191485)
date added to LUP
2013-12-09 08:27:18
date last changed
2017-02-21 07:59:45
@misc{16357f92-b89d-42bc-9dbf-98bdd193188d,
  abstract     = {Canadians of Ukrainian descent constitute a significant part of the population of the Albertan capital. Among other things, their presence is felt in the public space as Ukrainian monuments constitute a part of the landscape. The article studies three key monuments, physical manifestations of the ideology of local Ukrainian nationalist elites in Edmonton: a 1973 monument to nationalist leader Roman Shukhevych, a 1976 memorial constructed by the Ukrainian Waffen-SS in Edmonton, and a 1983 memorial to the 1932–1933 famine in the Ukrainian SSR. Representing a narrative of suffering, resistance, and redemption, all three monuments were organized by the same activists and are representative for the selective memory of an “ethnic” elite, which presents nationalist ideology as authentic Ukrainian cultural heritage. The narrative is based partly upon an uncritical cult of totalitarian, anti-Semitic, and terroristic political figures, whose war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and collaboration with Nazi Germany the nationalists deny and obfuscate. The article argues that government support and direct public funding has strengthened the radicals within the community and helped promulgate their mythology. In the case of the Ukrainian Canadian political elite, official multiculturalism underwrites a narrative at odds with the liberal democratic values it was intended to promote. The failure to deconstruct the “ethnic” building blocks of Canadian multiculturalism and the willingness to accept at face value the primordial claims and nationalist myths of “ethnic” groups has given Canadian multiculturalism the character of multi-nationalism.},
  author       = {Rudling, Per Anders},
  issn         = {0090-5992},
  keyword      = {Ukrainian-Canadian,multiculturalism,multinationalism,monuments,memory,nationalism},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {733--768},
  publisher    = {Association for the Study of Nationalities, Routledge},
  series       = {Nationalities Papers},
  title        = {Multiculturalism, Memory, and Ritualization : Ukrainian Nationalist Monuments in Edmonton, Alberta},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00905992.2011.599375 },
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2011},
}