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Social Work in Ghana: Engaging Traditional Actors in Professional Practices

Avendal, Christel LU (2011) In Journal of Comparative Social Work p.1-19
Abstract
In contemporary Ghana, the traditional system and professional social work operate as two parallel systems within the field of social work. The aim of this study was to investigate if and how the teaching of contemporary professional social work in Ghana takes into account traditional actors and practices. The traditional system includes extended family members and traditional authorities such as chiefs or family heads. It formed the social institution that protected and cared for the vulnerable before (Western) social work was introduced as a formal profession in Ghana. A 10-week ethnographic field study was conducted at the Department of Social Work at the University of Ghana. The study employed a qualitative, social constructionist... (More)
In contemporary Ghana, the traditional system and professional social work operate as two parallel systems within the field of social work. The aim of this study was to investigate if and how the teaching of contemporary professional social work in Ghana takes into account traditional actors and practices. The traditional system includes extended family members and traditional authorities such as chiefs or family heads. It formed the social institution that protected and cared for the vulnerable before (Western) social work was introduced as a formal profession in Ghana. A 10-week ethnographic field study was conducted at the Department of Social Work at the University of Ghana. The study employed a qualitative, social constructionist approach, interpreting the results within a theoretical framework

of social world theory. The empirical material consisted of interviews with students and teachers, participant observation at lectures, and various documents. The main findings

of the study were that professional social workers and traditional actors can be seen as members of two subworlds – the subworld of professional social workers and the subworld of traditional actors. Students and teachers discuss interventions from the perspective of social workers and traditional actors. Their ability to take different perspectives seems to be crucial for localisation – the process by which social work is made relevant to local culture and traditions. The interviewees’ accounts reveal how localisation is not only about culture, but also about social structures and practical considerations. The poor state of the social work profession in Ghana affects interventions in a profound way. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ghana, localisation, the traditional system, the extended family system, international social work, social work education.
in
Journal of Comparative Social Work
issue
2
pages
1 - 19
publisher
Universitetet i Nordland
ISSN
0809-9936
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
65bd79a6-58f2-45ff-be38-82df3f8a58f5 (old id 4195224)
date added to LUP
2013-12-16 10:36:28
date last changed
2016-04-16 02:35:32
@article{65bd79a6-58f2-45ff-be38-82df3f8a58f5,
  abstract     = {In contemporary Ghana, the traditional system and professional social work operate as two parallel systems within the field of social work. The aim of this study was to investigate if and how the teaching of contemporary professional social work in Ghana takes into account traditional actors and practices. The traditional system includes extended family members and traditional authorities such as chiefs or family heads. It formed the social institution that protected and cared for the vulnerable before (Western) social work was introduced as a formal profession in Ghana. A 10-week ethnographic field study was conducted at the Department of Social Work at the University of Ghana. The study employed a qualitative, social constructionist approach, interpreting the results within a theoretical framework<br/><br>
of social world theory. The empirical material consisted of interviews with students and teachers, participant observation at lectures, and various documents. The main findings<br/><br>
of the study were that professional social workers and traditional actors can be seen as members of two subworlds – the subworld of professional social workers and the subworld of traditional actors. Students and teachers discuss interventions from the perspective of social workers and traditional actors. Their ability to take different perspectives seems to be crucial for localisation – the process by which social work is made relevant to local culture and traditions. The interviewees’ accounts reveal how localisation is not only about culture, but also about social structures and practical considerations. The poor state of the social work profession in Ghana affects interventions in a profound way.},
  author       = {Avendal, Christel},
  issn         = {0809-9936},
  keyword      = {Ghana,localisation,the traditional system,the extended family system,international social work,social work education.},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {1--19},
  publisher    = {Universitetet i Nordland},
  series       = {Journal of Comparative Social Work},
  title        = {Social Work in Ghana: Engaging Traditional Actors in Professional Practices},
  year         = {2011},
}