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Randomized clinical trial of musical distraction with and without headphones for adolescents’ immunization pain

Kristjánsdóttir, Ólöf LU and Kristjansdottir, Gudrun LU (2011) In Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences 25(1). p.19-26
Abstract
Distraction has shown to be a helpful pain intervention for children; however, few investigations have studied the effectiveness of this method with adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an easy and practical musical distraction in reducing adolescents' immunization pain. Furthermore, to examine whether musical distraction techniques (with or without headphones) used influenced the pain outcome. Hundred and eighteen 14-year-old adolescents, scheduled for polio immunization, participated. Adolescents were randomly assigned to one of three research groups; musical distraction with headphones (n=38), musical distraction without headphones (n=41) and standard care control (n=39). Results showed adolescents... (More)
Distraction has shown to be a helpful pain intervention for children; however, few investigations have studied the effectiveness of this method with adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an easy and practical musical distraction in reducing adolescents' immunization pain. Furthermore, to examine whether musical distraction techniques (with or without headphones) used influenced the pain outcome. Hundred and eighteen 14-year-old adolescents, scheduled for polio immunization, participated. Adolescents were randomly assigned to one of three research groups; musical distraction with headphones (n=38), musical distraction without headphones (n=41) and standard care control (n=39). Results showed adolescents receiving musical distraction were less likely to report pain compared to the control group, controlling for covariates. Comparing musical distraction techniques, eliminating headphone emerged as a significant predictor of no pain. Results suggest that an easy and practical musical distraction intervention, implemented without headphones, can give some pain relief to adolescents during routine vaccination. (Less)
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
volume
25
issue
1
article number
10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00784.x
pages
7 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:79951529192
ISSN
0283-9318
DOI
10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00784.x
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
41eb47af-c41b-4bdd-a55e-c662dc0557bc
date added to LUP
2019-06-21 18:08:33
date last changed
2020-07-08 04:56:56
@article{41eb47af-c41b-4bdd-a55e-c662dc0557bc,
  abstract     = {Distraction has shown to be a helpful pain intervention for children; however, few investigations have studied the effectiveness of this method with adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an easy and practical musical distraction in reducing adolescents' immunization pain. Furthermore, to examine whether musical distraction techniques (with or without headphones) used influenced the pain outcome. Hundred and eighteen 14-year-old adolescents, scheduled for polio immunization, participated. Adolescents were randomly assigned to one of three research groups; musical distraction with headphones (n=38), musical distraction without headphones (n=41) and standard care control (n=39). Results showed adolescents receiving musical distraction were less likely to report pain compared to the control group, controlling for covariates. Comparing musical distraction techniques, eliminating headphone emerged as a significant predictor of no pain. Results suggest that an easy and practical musical distraction intervention, implemented without headphones, can give some pain relief to adolescents during routine vaccination.},
  author       = {Kristjánsdóttir, Ólöf and Kristjansdottir, Gudrun},
  issn         = {0283-9318},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {19--26},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences},
  title        = {Randomized clinical trial of musical distraction with and without headphones for adolescents’ immunization pain},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00784.x},
  doi          = {10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00784.x},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2011},
}