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Biogas production from llama and cow manure at high altitude

Alvarez, Rene LU ; Villca, S and Lidén, Gunnar LU (2006) In Biomass & Bioenergy 30(1). p.66-75
Abstract
Methane production from llama and cow manures from the Bolivian high plateau (The "Altiplano") was studied using a parallel reactor set-up consisting of 10 lab-scale biogasifiers. The effects of pressure (495 and 760 mmHg), temperature (11 and 35 degrees C), hydraulic retention time (20 and 50 days), and manure content in the slurry (10%, 20% and 50%) were evaluated with respect to productivity and methane yields based on two 2(4-1) fractional factorial designs with 8 treatments for each kind of manure. The reactors were operated semi-continuously with daily manure feeding for periods between 50 and 100 days. Temperature was the main factor effect found, and the hydraulic retention time and the manure content in feed were also found... (More)
Methane production from llama and cow manures from the Bolivian high plateau (The "Altiplano") was studied using a parallel reactor set-up consisting of 10 lab-scale biogasifiers. The effects of pressure (495 and 760 mmHg), temperature (11 and 35 degrees C), hydraulic retention time (20 and 50 days), and manure content in the slurry (10%, 20% and 50%) were evaluated with respect to productivity and methane yields based on two 2(4-1) fractional factorial designs with 8 treatments for each kind of manure. The reactors were operated semi-continuously with daily manure feeding for periods between 50 and 100 days. Temperature was the main factor effect found, and the hydraulic retention time and the manure content in feed were also found significant whereas the effect of pressure was not significant in the range studied. The methane yield obtained with cow manure at 11 degrees C was between 6.4 and 33.61 CH4 kg(-1) VS (volatile solids added) whereas at 35 degrees C the methane yield was between 49.6 and 131.31 CH4 kg(-1) VS. The methane yield from llama manure was somewhat lower than for cow manure (between 3.3 and 19.31 CH4 kg(-1) VS at 11 degrees C and between 35.6 and 84.11 CH4 kg(-1) VS at 35 degrees C, respectively). However, overall llama manure was found to be the best raw material of the two for biogas production, due to its high content of volatile solid-higher than has been previously reported for most manures-and also its high nitrogen and phosphorous content. (Less)
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author
; and
organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
high altitude, llama manure, anaerobic digestion, cow manum
in
Biomass & Bioenergy
volume
30
issue
1
pages
66 - 75
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000234530200007
  • scopus:29044450667
ISSN
1873-2909
DOI
10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.10.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
37463ae9-1cbe-4937-9da3-dee776bf5ab8 (old id 421430)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 11:49:26
date last changed
2021-09-01 05:05:41
@article{37463ae9-1cbe-4937-9da3-dee776bf5ab8,
  abstract     = {Methane production from llama and cow manures from the Bolivian high plateau (The "Altiplano") was studied using a parallel reactor set-up consisting of 10 lab-scale biogasifiers. The effects of pressure (495 and 760 mmHg), temperature (11 and 35 degrees C), hydraulic retention time (20 and 50 days), and manure content in the slurry (10%, 20% and 50%) were evaluated with respect to productivity and methane yields based on two 2(4-1) fractional factorial designs with 8 treatments for each kind of manure. The reactors were operated semi-continuously with daily manure feeding for periods between 50 and 100 days. Temperature was the main factor effect found, and the hydraulic retention time and the manure content in feed were also found significant whereas the effect of pressure was not significant in the range studied. The methane yield obtained with cow manure at 11 degrees C was between 6.4 and 33.61 CH4 kg(-1) VS (volatile solids added) whereas at 35 degrees C the methane yield was between 49.6 and 131.31 CH4 kg(-1) VS. The methane yield from llama manure was somewhat lower than for cow manure (between 3.3 and 19.31 CH4 kg(-1) VS at 11 degrees C and between 35.6 and 84.11 CH4 kg(-1) VS at 35 degrees C, respectively). However, overall llama manure was found to be the best raw material of the two for biogas production, due to its high content of volatile solid-higher than has been previously reported for most manures-and also its high nitrogen and phosphorous content.},
  author       = {Alvarez, Rene and Villca, S and Lidén, Gunnar},
  issn         = {1873-2909},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {66--75},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Biomass & Bioenergy},
  title        = {Biogas production from llama and cow manure at high altitude},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.10.001},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.10.001},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2006},
}