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Industrialized construction - explorations of current practice and opportunities

Malmgren, Linus LU (2014)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Byggbranschen står inför stora utmaningar i att möta behovet av nya bostäder samtidigt som renoveringsbehovet av flerbostadshus är stort. Man beskylls ofta för bristande kvalitet och höga kostnader. Industriellt byggande har framförts som en lösning till problemen. I ett projekt på Lunds Universitet har två tillämpningar för industriellt byggande studerats: trähusbyggande och renovering av flerbostadshus. Förslag till förbättringar har föreslagits.



I Sverige är träbaserat industriellt byggande av bostäder en relativt stark sektor, men man befinner sig någonstans mellan industriell produktion och den traditionella byggsektorn vilket har lett till viss ambivalens. Detta har gjort... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Byggbranschen står inför stora utmaningar i att möta behovet av nya bostäder samtidigt som renoveringsbehovet av flerbostadshus är stort. Man beskylls ofta för bristande kvalitet och höga kostnader. Industriellt byggande har framförts som en lösning till problemen. I ett projekt på Lunds Universitet har två tillämpningar för industriellt byggande studerats: trähusbyggande och renovering av flerbostadshus. Förslag till förbättringar har föreslagits.



I Sverige är träbaserat industriellt byggande av bostäder en relativt stark sektor, men man befinner sig någonstans mellan industriell produktion och den traditionella byggsektorn vilket har lett till viss ambivalens. Detta har gjort att man har svårt att utnyttja potentialen i industriellt byggande. Det finns en möjlighet att förbättra sig genom att bättre utnyttja möjligheterna med IT-stöd och i att tänka över hur man dokumenterar produkterna för industriell produktion. Detta kommer dock att ha effekter på organisationen och leda till ett behov förändrade processer.



I Sverige finns det också starka fastighetsägare som skulle kunna ta en aktiv roll i det industriella byggandet, men för detta krävs kunskaper om industriella processer. En intressant del av byggsektorn är renovering av flerbostadshus, investeringarna i renovering är idag större än i nybyggnad. Med renovering och nybyggnad sammantaget, kommer flera svenska fastighetsägare upp i volymer över 1 000 badrum per år, vilket skulle kunna motivera att man arbetar med industriella strategier. Men för att industrialisera renovering av badrum i flerbostadshus krävs att fastighetsägare tar ett samlat grepp kring utveckling och standardisering av lösningar, samt att man ser till att kontrollera renoveringsprocessen. Om fastighetsägare skulle agera som konceptägare för industriella plattformar finns potentialen att skapa en ny marknad.



I projektet slås fast att industriellt byggande hittills har haft svårt att lyckas på den breda marknaden i Sverige. För ett bättre genomslag krävs delaktighet från beställare och att nyttan synliggörs på ett tydligare sätt. (Less)
Abstract
Industrialized construction has over the years taken different expressions and gone through different phases depending on where inspiration has come from. In this project, industrialized construction has been studied in two applications: timber house manufacturing and renovation of multi-family houses.



In Sweden industrialized production of timber houses is relatively strong in the housing sector, it however resides somewhere between industrial production and the traditional construction sector, which has led to some ambivalence. IT support and product documentation largely reflects the traditional construction sector, which means that they find it difficult to use the potential of industrialized construction in... (More)
Industrialized construction has over the years taken different expressions and gone through different phases depending on where inspiration has come from. In this project, industrialized construction has been studied in two applications: timber house manufacturing and renovation of multi-family houses.



In Sweden industrialized production of timber houses is relatively strong in the housing sector, it however resides somewhere between industrial production and the traditional construction sector, which has led to some ambivalence. IT support and product documentation largely reflects the traditional construction sector, which means that they find it difficult to use the potential of industrialized construction in full.



The efficiency of production of timber houses could be improved by more effective use of IT support, as well as better coherence between internal processes and the business model. Further, they need to consider how to document products in an industrialized context. These changes will inevitably have an impact on how they are organized and would require new or changed processes. It will also have an impact on how product documentation can be used.



In Sweden there are strong property owners who are able to take an active role in industrialized construction if they were provided with the right knowledge and tools. An increasingly interesting sub-sector of construction is the renovation of multi-family houses, today investment in renovation is larger than in new construction. The renovation need in multi-family houses in Sweden, as well as in the rest of Europe, is large. How it will be financed and implemented is a problem that many property owners struggle with and different strategies have been used. For example pipe renovation is a major and costly action and many buildings are in great need. Several Swedish property owners can altogether show volumes over 1000 bathrooms per year in renovation and new construction, this could justify investments in industrialized strategies. A case study company in the research project has adopted an approach that standardizes pipe renovation to a limited number of solutions. This can be seen as a first step of an industrial strategy.



For further industrialization, clients need to implement a comprehensive approach to the development and standardization of solutions, as well as ensuring better control of processes for implementing pipe renovation projects. The effort to create industrialized strategies is not unattainable, but it requires investments and expertise that property owners today typically do not have. If property owners would act as concept owners for industrialized platforms for renovation and new construction, it has the potential to create a new market. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Stehn, Lars, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
construction, industrialization, renovation, property maintenance
pages
188 pages
publisher
Faculty of Engineering and Division of Structural Engineering
defense location
Lecture hall MA5, Annexet, Sölvegatan 20, Lund University Faculty of Engineering
defense date
2014-02-07 13:15
ISBN
978-91-979543-8-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
82d183c5-5b35-4117-bba5-c62e63a67f01 (old id 4247134)
date added to LUP
2014-01-13 14:56:13
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:10
@phdthesis{82d183c5-5b35-4117-bba5-c62e63a67f01,
  abstract     = {Industrialized construction has over the years taken different expressions and gone through different phases depending on where inspiration has come from. In this project, industrialized construction has been studied in two applications: timber house manufacturing and renovation of multi-family houses.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Sweden industrialized production of timber houses is relatively strong in the housing sector, it however resides somewhere between industrial production and the traditional construction sector, which has led to some ambivalence. IT support and product documentation largely reflects the traditional construction sector, which means that they find it difficult to use the potential of industrialized construction in full.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The efficiency of production of timber houses could be improved by more effective use of IT support, as well as better coherence between internal processes and the business model. Further, they need to consider how to document products in an industrialized context. These changes will inevitably have an impact on how they are organized and would require new or changed processes. It will also have an impact on how product documentation can be used.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In Sweden there are strong property owners who are able to take an active role in industrialized construction if they were provided with the right knowledge and tools. An increasingly interesting sub-sector of construction is the renovation of multi-family houses, today investment in renovation is larger than in new construction. The renovation need in multi-family houses in Sweden, as well as in the rest of Europe, is large. How it will be financed and implemented is a problem that many property owners struggle with and different strategies have been used. For example pipe renovation is a major and costly action and many buildings are in great need. Several Swedish property owners can altogether show volumes over 1000 bathrooms per year in renovation and new construction, this could justify investments in industrialized strategies. A case study company in the research project has adopted an approach that standardizes pipe renovation to a limited number of solutions. This can be seen as a first step of an industrial strategy.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
For further industrialization, clients need to implement a comprehensive approach to the development and standardization of solutions, as well as ensuring better control of processes for implementing pipe renovation projects. The effort to create industrialized strategies is not unattainable, but it requires investments and expertise that property owners today typically do not have. If property owners would act as concept owners for industrialized platforms for renovation and new construction, it has the potential to create a new market.},
  author       = {Malmgren, Linus},
  isbn         = {978-91-979543-8-9},
  keyword      = {construction,industrialization,renovation,property maintenance},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {188},
  publisher    = {Faculty of Engineering and Division of Structural Engineering},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Industrialized construction - explorations of current practice and opportunities},
  year         = {2014},
}