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From conception to infancy — early risk factors for childhood obesity

Larqué, Elvira; Labayen, Idoia; Flodmark, Carl Erik LU ; Lissau, Inge LU ; Czernin, Sarah; Moreno, Luis A.; Pietrobelli, Angelo and Widhalm, Kurt (2019) In Nature Reviews Endocrinology 15. p.456-478
Abstract

Maternal lifestyle during pregnancy, as well as early nutrition and the environment infants are raised in, are considered relevant factors for the prevention of childhood obesity. Several models are available for the prediction of childhood overweight and obesity, yet most have not been externally validated. Moreover, the factors considered in the models differ among studies as the outcomes manifest after birth and depend on maturation processes that vary between individuals. The current Review examines and interprets data on the early determinants of childhood obesity to provide relevant strategies for daily clinical work. We evaluate a selection of prenatal and postnatal factors associated with child adiposity. Actions to be... (More)

Maternal lifestyle during pregnancy, as well as early nutrition and the environment infants are raised in, are considered relevant factors for the prevention of childhood obesity. Several models are available for the prediction of childhood overweight and obesity, yet most have not been externally validated. Moreover, the factors considered in the models differ among studies as the outcomes manifest after birth and depend on maturation processes that vary between individuals. The current Review examines and interprets data on the early determinants of childhood obesity to provide relevant strategies for daily clinical work. We evaluate a selection of prenatal and postnatal factors associated with child adiposity. Actions to be considered for preventing childhood obesity include the promotion of healthy maternal nutrition and weight status at reproductive age and during pregnancy, as well as careful monitoring of infant growth to detect early excessive weight gain. Paediatricians and other health-care professionals should provide scientifically validated, individual nutritional advice to families to counteract excessive adiposity in children. Based on systematic reviews, original papers and scientific reports, we provide information to help with setting up public health strategies to prevent overweight and obesity in childhood.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Nature Reviews Endocrinology
volume
15
pages
456 - 478
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • scopus:85068541626
ISSN
1759-5029
DOI
10.1038/s41574-019-0219-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
42f3056e-b477-4c08-b146-eb27edbda2bf
date added to LUP
2019-07-19 13:36:09
date last changed
2019-08-14 04:42:02
@article{42f3056e-b477-4c08-b146-eb27edbda2bf,
  abstract     = {<p>Maternal lifestyle during pregnancy, as well as early nutrition and the environment infants are raised in, are considered relevant factors for the prevention of childhood obesity. Several models are available for the prediction of childhood overweight and obesity, yet most have not been externally validated. Moreover, the factors considered in the models differ among studies as the outcomes manifest after birth and depend on maturation processes that vary between individuals. The current Review examines and interprets data on the early determinants of childhood obesity to provide relevant strategies for daily clinical work. We evaluate a selection of prenatal and postnatal factors associated with child adiposity. Actions to be considered for preventing childhood obesity include the promotion of healthy maternal nutrition and weight status at reproductive age and during pregnancy, as well as careful monitoring of infant growth to detect early excessive weight gain. Paediatricians and other health-care professionals should provide scientifically validated, individual nutritional advice to families to counteract excessive adiposity in children. Based on systematic reviews, original papers and scientific reports, we provide information to help with setting up public health strategies to prevent overweight and obesity in childhood.</p>},
  author       = {Larqué, Elvira and Labayen, Idoia and Flodmark, Carl Erik and Lissau, Inge and Czernin, Sarah and Moreno, Luis A. and Pietrobelli, Angelo and Widhalm, Kurt},
  issn         = {1759-5029},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {456--478},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {Nature Reviews Endocrinology},
  title        = {From conception to infancy — early risk factors for childhood obesity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41574-019-0219-1},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2019},
}