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The influence of lifestyle on airborne particle surface area doses received by different Western populations

Pacitto, A.; Stabile, L.; Moreno, TMC; Kumar, P.; Wierzbicka, A. LU ; Morawska, L. and Buonanno, G. (2018) In Environmental Pollution 232. p.113-122
Abstract

In the present study, the daily dose in terms of particle surface area received by citizens living in five cities in Western countries, characterized by different lifestyle, culture, climate and built-up environment, was evaluated and compared. For this purpose, the exposure to sub-micron particle concentration levels of the population living in Barcelona (Spain), Cassino (Italy), Guilford (United Kingdom), Lund (Sweden), and Brisbane (Australia) was measured through a direct exposure assessment approach. In particular, measurements of the exposure at a personal scale were performed by volunteers (15 per each population) that used a personal particle counter for different days in order to obtain exposure data in... (More)

In the present study, the daily dose in terms of particle surface area received by citizens living in five cities in Western countries, characterized by different lifestyle, culture, climate and built-up environment, was evaluated and compared. For this purpose, the exposure to sub-micron particle concentration levels of the population living in Barcelona (Spain), Cassino (Italy), Guilford (United Kingdom), Lund (Sweden), and Brisbane (Australia) was measured through a direct exposure assessment approach. In particular, measurements of the exposure at a personal scale were performed by volunteers (15 per each population) that used a personal particle counter for different days in order to obtain exposure data in microenvironments/activities they resided/performed. Non-smoking volunteers performing non-industrial jobs were considered in the study.Particle concentration data allowed obtaining the exposure of the population living in each city. Such data were combined in a Monte Carlo method with the time activity pattern data characteristics of each population and inhalation rate to obtain the most probable daily dose in term of particle surface area as a function of the population gender, age, and nationality.The highest daily dose was estimated for citizens living in Cassino and Guilford (>1000 mm2), whereas the lowest value was recognized for Lund citizens (around 100 mm2). Indoor air quality, and in particular cooking and eating activities, was recognized as the main influencing factor in terms of exposure (and thus dose) of the population: then confirming that lifestyle (e.g. time spent in cooking activities) strongly affect the daily dose of the population. On the contrary, a minor or negligible contribution of the outdoor microenvironments was documented.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Airborne particle dose, Diffusion charger particle counters, Lung-deposited surface area, Personal monitoring
in
Environmental Pollution
volume
232
pages
113 - 122
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85029498609
  • wos:000414881300012
ISSN
0269-7491
DOI
10.1016/j.envpol.2017.09.023
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
430cf1ec-0bf9-4730-8a73-d9687839eddc
date added to LUP
2017-10-05 08:48:14
date last changed
2018-05-20 04:37:46
@article{430cf1ec-0bf9-4730-8a73-d9687839eddc,
  abstract     = {<p>In the present study, the daily dose in terms of particle surface area received by citizens living in five cities in Western countries, characterized by different lifestyle, culture, climate and built-up environment, was evaluated and compared. For this purpose, the exposure to sub-micron particle concentration levels of the population living in Barcelona (Spain), Cassino (Italy), Guilford (United Kingdom), Lund (Sweden), and Brisbane (Australia) was measured through a direct exposure assessment approach. In particular, measurements of the exposure at a personal scale were performed by volunteers (15 per each population) that used a personal particle counter for different days in order to obtain exposure data in microenvironments/activities they resided/performed. Non-smoking volunteers performing non-industrial jobs were considered in the study.Particle concentration data allowed obtaining the exposure of the population living in each city. Such data were combined in a Monte Carlo method with the time activity pattern data characteristics of each population and inhalation rate to obtain the most probable daily dose in term of particle surface area as a function of the population gender, age, and nationality.The highest daily dose was estimated for citizens living in Cassino and Guilford (&gt;1000 mm<sup>2</sup>), whereas the lowest value was recognized for Lund citizens (around 100 mm<sup>2</sup>). Indoor air quality, and in particular cooking and eating activities, was recognized as the main influencing factor in terms of exposure (and thus dose) of the population: then confirming that lifestyle (e.g. time spent in cooking activities) strongly affect the daily dose of the population. On the contrary, a minor or negligible contribution of the outdoor microenvironments was documented.</p>},
  author       = {Pacitto, A. and Stabile, L. and Moreno, TMC and Kumar, P. and Wierzbicka, A. and Morawska, L. and Buonanno, G.},
  issn         = {0269-7491},
  keyword      = {Airborne particle dose,Diffusion charger particle counters,Lung-deposited surface area,Personal monitoring},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {113--122},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Environmental Pollution},
  title        = {The influence of lifestyle on airborne particle surface area doses received by different Western populations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.09.023},
  volume       = {232},
  year         = {2018},
}