Advanced

Adjectives in German and Norwegian

Roehrs, Dorian and Julien, Marit LU (2014) In Adjectives in Germanic and Romance 212. p.245-261
Abstract
In this paper, we demonstrate that adjective endings in the Germanic languages do not pattern uniformly. We illustrate this with nine syntactic contexts: possessives involving proper names and pronominals, embedded and unembedded proper names, “disagreeing” pronominal DPs, appositives, definite adjectives, vocatives, and discontinuous noun phrases. We show that German is subject to lexical and structural conditions but Scandinavian is semantic in nature. In German, the weak endings are feature-reduced forms which always have a specific local relation to a certain type of determiner, which triggers the relevant feature reduction. Adopting Distributed Morphology, this reduction in features is implemented by Impoverishment. In Scandinavian,... (More)
In this paper, we demonstrate that adjective endings in the Germanic languages do not pattern uniformly. We illustrate this with nine syntactic contexts: possessives involving proper names and pronominals, embedded and unembedded proper names, “disagreeing” pronominal DPs, appositives, definite adjectives, vocatives, and discontinuous noun phrases. We show that German is subject to lexical and structural conditions but Scandinavian is semantic in nature. In German, the weak endings are feature-reduced forms which always have a specific local relation to a certain type of determiner, which triggers the relevant feature reduction. Adopting Distributed Morphology, this reduction in features is implemented by Impoverishment. In Scandinavian, the weak endings are an agreement reflex with a semantic feature have semantics of their own. We follow others in that adjectives are in – what is traditionally called – Spec,AgrP. We propose that the relevant semantic feature is in Agr and the adjective agrees with it. Given the language-specific conditions, the strong endings surface in the remaining contexts in both types of languages as the elsewhere case. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
adjectives strong weak, morphology, definiteness, German, Norwegian
in
Adjectives in Germanic and Romance
editor
Sleeman, Petra; van de Velde, Freek; Perridon, Harry; ; and
volume
212
pages
245 - 261
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISSN
0166-0829
ISBN
9789027255952
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
264a2254-ae0e-4ed3-90ce-9b63900d3e1a (old id 4317741)
date added to LUP
2014-05-12 09:26:51
date last changed
2017-06-08 11:31:02
@inbook{264a2254-ae0e-4ed3-90ce-9b63900d3e1a,
  abstract     = {In this paper, we demonstrate that adjective endings in the Germanic languages do not pattern uniformly. We illustrate this with nine syntactic contexts: possessives involving proper names and pronominals, embedded and unembedded proper names, “disagreeing” pronominal DPs, appositives, definite adjectives, vocatives, and discontinuous noun phrases. We show that German is subject to lexical and structural conditions but Scandinavian is semantic in nature. In German, the weak endings are feature-reduced forms which always have a specific local relation to a certain type of determiner, which triggers the relevant feature reduction. Adopting Distributed Morphology, this reduction in features is implemented by Impoverishment. In Scandinavian, the weak endings are an agreement reflex with a semantic feature have semantics of their own. We follow others in that adjectives are in – what is traditionally called – Spec,AgrP. We propose that the relevant semantic feature is in Agr and the adjective agrees with it. Given the language-specific conditions, the strong endings surface in the remaining contexts in both types of languages as the elsewhere case.},
  author       = {Roehrs, Dorian and Julien, Marit},
  editor       = {Sleeman, Petra and van de Velde, Freek and Perridon, Harry},
  isbn         = {9789027255952},
  issn         = {0166-0829},
  keyword      = {adjectives strong weak,morphology,definiteness,German,Norwegian},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {245--261},
  publisher    = {John Benjamins Publishing Company},
  series       = {Adjectives in Germanic and Romance},
  title        = {Adjectives in German and Norwegian},
  volume       = {212},
  year         = {2014},
}