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Late Acheulean technology and cognition at Boxgrove, UK

Stout, Dietrich; Apel, Jan LU ; Commander, Julia and Roberts, Mark (2014) In Journal of Archaeological Science 41. p.576-590
Abstract
The Acheulean industrial complex combines technological variability with continuity on a scale unparalleled by more recent industries. Acheulean variability includes a widely recognized increase in biface refinement from the Early to Late Acheulean, however the specific timing and technological nature of this shift remain unclear as do its behavioral, cognitive, and evolutionary implications. To investigate this topic, we examined lithic collections from the early Middle Pleistocene Acheulean site of Boxgrove for evidence of the use of platform preparation as a biface thinning technique. To aid in the identification and assessment of platform preparation, Boxgrove artifacts were compared with experimental products of Inexperienced, Novice,... (More)
The Acheulean industrial complex combines technological variability with continuity on a scale unparalleled by more recent industries. Acheulean variability includes a widely recognized increase in biface refinement from the Early to Late Acheulean, however the specific timing and technological nature of this shift remain unclear as do its behavioral, cognitive, and evolutionary implications. To investigate this topic, we examined lithic collections from the early Middle Pleistocene Acheulean site of Boxgrove for evidence of the use of platform preparation as a biface thinning technique. To aid in the identification and assessment of platform preparation, Boxgrove artifacts were compared with experimental products of Inexperienced, Novice, and Expert stone knappers. Results demonstrate the technologically efficacious use of platform preparation among the Boxgrove toolmakers similar to 500 thousand years ago, providing the first direct evidence of this technique in the Ache-tile-an. The use of platform preparation in bifacial thinning increases the complexity of toolmaking action sequences and has implications for understanding the neurocognitive substrates, social transmission, and spatiotemporal distribution of Late Acheulean technology. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Knapping, Skill, Handaxe, Biface, Paleolithic, Britain
in
Journal of Archaeological Science
volume
41
pages
576 - 590
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000330197700048
  • scopus:84886239440
ISSN
1095-9238
DOI
10.1016/j.jas.2013.10.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8aecd319-d427-474e-a461-472f53d8e38c (old id 4318669)
date added to LUP
2014-02-25 11:28:53
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:08:08
@article{8aecd319-d427-474e-a461-472f53d8e38c,
  abstract     = {The Acheulean industrial complex combines technological variability with continuity on a scale unparalleled by more recent industries. Acheulean variability includes a widely recognized increase in biface refinement from the Early to Late Acheulean, however the specific timing and technological nature of this shift remain unclear as do its behavioral, cognitive, and evolutionary implications. To investigate this topic, we examined lithic collections from the early Middle Pleistocene Acheulean site of Boxgrove for evidence of the use of platform preparation as a biface thinning technique. To aid in the identification and assessment of platform preparation, Boxgrove artifacts were compared with experimental products of Inexperienced, Novice, and Expert stone knappers. Results demonstrate the technologically efficacious use of platform preparation among the Boxgrove toolmakers similar to 500 thousand years ago, providing the first direct evidence of this technique in the Ache-tile-an. The use of platform preparation in bifacial thinning increases the complexity of toolmaking action sequences and has implications for understanding the neurocognitive substrates, social transmission, and spatiotemporal distribution of Late Acheulean technology. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Stout, Dietrich and Apel, Jan and Commander, Julia and Roberts, Mark},
  issn         = {1095-9238},
  keyword      = {Knapping,Skill,Handaxe,Biface,Paleolithic,Britain},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {576--590},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Journal of Archaeological Science},
  title        = {Late Acheulean technology and cognition at Boxgrove, UK},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.10.001},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2014},
}