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Echoes from the Past: A Healthy Baltic Sea Requires More Effort

Kotilainen, Aarno T.; Arppe, Laura; Dobosz, Slawomir; Jansen, Eystein; Kabel, Karoline; Karhu, Juha; Kotilainen, Mia M.; Kuijpers, Antoon; Lougheed, Bryan LU and Meier, H. E. Markus, et al. (2014) In Ambio 43(1). p.60-68
Abstract
Integrated sediment multiproxy studies and modeling were used to reconstruct past changes in the Baltic Sea ecosystem. Results of natural changes over the past 6000 years in the Baltic Sea ecosystem suggest that forecasted climate warming might enhance environmental problems of the Baltic Sea. Integrated modeling and sediment proxy studies reveal increased sea surface temperatures and expanded seafloor anoxia (in deep basins) during earlier natural warm climate phases, such as the Medieval Climate Anomaly. Under future IPCC scenarios of global warming, there is likely no improvement of bottom water conditions in the Baltic Sea. Thus, the measures already designed to produce a healthier Baltic Sea are insufficient in the long term. The... (More)
Integrated sediment multiproxy studies and modeling were used to reconstruct past changes in the Baltic Sea ecosystem. Results of natural changes over the past 6000 years in the Baltic Sea ecosystem suggest that forecasted climate warming might enhance environmental problems of the Baltic Sea. Integrated modeling and sediment proxy studies reveal increased sea surface temperatures and expanded seafloor anoxia (in deep basins) during earlier natural warm climate phases, such as the Medieval Climate Anomaly. Under future IPCC scenarios of global warming, there is likely no improvement of bottom water conditions in the Baltic Sea. Thus, the measures already designed to produce a healthier Baltic Sea are insufficient in the long term. The interactions between climate change and anthropogenic impacts on the Baltic Sea should be considered in management, implementation of policy strategies in the Baltic Sea environmental issues, and adaptation to future climate change. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Baltic Sea, Climate change, Holocene, Inflow, Multiproxy analyses, Modeling
in
Ambio
volume
43
issue
1
pages
60 - 68
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000329831800006
  • scopus:84895753438
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1007/s13280-013-0477-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2b857a5e-09db-4f7a-8d5e-a2a001126a4c (old id 4318891)
date added to LUP
2014-02-25 13:30:35
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:59:43
@article{2b857a5e-09db-4f7a-8d5e-a2a001126a4c,
  abstract     = {Integrated sediment multiproxy studies and modeling were used to reconstruct past changes in the Baltic Sea ecosystem. Results of natural changes over the past 6000 years in the Baltic Sea ecosystem suggest that forecasted climate warming might enhance environmental problems of the Baltic Sea. Integrated modeling and sediment proxy studies reveal increased sea surface temperatures and expanded seafloor anoxia (in deep basins) during earlier natural warm climate phases, such as the Medieval Climate Anomaly. Under future IPCC scenarios of global warming, there is likely no improvement of bottom water conditions in the Baltic Sea. Thus, the measures already designed to produce a healthier Baltic Sea are insufficient in the long term. The interactions between climate change and anthropogenic impacts on the Baltic Sea should be considered in management, implementation of policy strategies in the Baltic Sea environmental issues, and adaptation to future climate change.},
  author       = {Kotilainen, Aarno T. and Arppe, Laura and Dobosz, Slawomir and Jansen, Eystein and Kabel, Karoline and Karhu, Juha and Kotilainen, Mia M. and Kuijpers, Antoon and Lougheed, Bryan and Meier, H. E. Markus and Moros, Matthias and Neumann, Thomas and Porsche, Christian and Poulsen, Niels and Rasmussen, Peter and Ribeiro, Sofia and Risebrobakken, Bjorg and Ryabchuk, Daria and Schimanke, Semjon and Snowball, Ian and Spiridonov, Mikhail and Virtasalo, Joonas J. and Weckstrom, Kaarina and Witkowski, Andrzej and Zhamoida, Vladimir},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  keyword      = {Baltic Sea,Climate change,Holocene,Inflow,Multiproxy analyses,Modeling},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {60--68},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Echoes from the Past: A Healthy Baltic Sea Requires More Effort},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-013-0477-4},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2014},
}