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Mortality, Causes of Death and Risk Factors for Death Among Primary Amphetamine Users in the Swedish Criminal Justice System

Ericsson, Emmy; Brådvik, Louise LU and Håkansson, Anders C LU (2014) In Substance Use & Misuse 49(3). p.262-269
Abstract
This study examined mortality and predictors of death in 1,396 primary amphetamine users (85% males) who were interviewed with the Addiction Severity Index in the Swedish criminal justice system during 2000-2006 and followed through 2008. Forty-nine clients deceased (standardized mortality ratio 4.1 [3.0-5.4]), at least 84% of deaths were violent or drug-related (12% suicides), and Cox regression analysis indicated that death was associated with frequent use of sedatives and less frequent use of amphetamine. No female deaths were observed; death and male gender were associated in binary analysis. Implications for diagnostics and treatment are discussed.
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
amphetamine, mortality, criminal justice, sedatives, stimulants
in
Substance Use & Misuse
volume
49
issue
3
pages
262 - 269
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000329524400007
  • scopus:84892148267
ISSN
1532-2491
DOI
10.3109/10826084.2013.825921
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
24346df7-4116-4296-ba3d-055bfadad736 (old id 4319678)
date added to LUP
2014-03-03 08:03:33
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:28:58
@article{24346df7-4116-4296-ba3d-055bfadad736,
  abstract     = {This study examined mortality and predictors of death in 1,396 primary amphetamine users (85% males) who were interviewed with the Addiction Severity Index in the Swedish criminal justice system during 2000-2006 and followed through 2008. Forty-nine clients deceased (standardized mortality ratio 4.1 [3.0-5.4]), at least 84% of deaths were violent or drug-related (12% suicides), and Cox regression analysis indicated that death was associated with frequent use of sedatives and less frequent use of amphetamine. No female deaths were observed; death and male gender were associated in binary analysis. Implications for diagnostics and treatment are discussed.},
  author       = {Ericsson, Emmy and Brådvik, Louise and Håkansson, Anders C},
  issn         = {1532-2491},
  keyword      = {amphetamine,mortality,criminal justice,sedatives,stimulants},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {262--269},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Substance Use & Misuse},
  title        = {Mortality, Causes of Death and Risk Factors for Death Among Primary Amphetamine Users in the Swedish Criminal Justice System},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2013.825921},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2014},
}