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Democratization and electoral turnovers in sub-Saharan Africa and beyond

Wahman, Michael LU (2014) In Democratization 21(2). p.220-243
Abstract
This study criticizes approaches equating opposition electoral victories with democratization in competitive authoritarian regimes. Not only are these approaches theoretically problematic, but there are also important empirical reasons to distinguish between electoral turnovers and democratization. The study goes on to explain why some African turnovers have been successful in bringing about democratization while others have not. This study promotes an approach in which opposition victories may be used as an independent variable that, under certain circumstances, could promote democratization. Using evidence from the cases of Senegal, Ghana, and Kenya, it is argued that electoral uncertainty caused by a low level of party... (More)
This study criticizes approaches equating opposition electoral victories with democratization in competitive authoritarian regimes. Not only are these approaches theoretically problematic, but there are also important empirical reasons to distinguish between electoral turnovers and democratization. The study goes on to explain why some African turnovers have been successful in bringing about democratization while others have not. This study promotes an approach in which opposition victories may be used as an independent variable that, under certain circumstances, could promote democratization. Using evidence from the cases of Senegal, Ghana, and Kenya, it is argued that electoral uncertainty caused by a low level of party institutionalization has been an important obstacle to democratization by alternation in the African context. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Africa, turnovers, Kenya, Senegal, Ghana, institutionalization, parties, elections
in
Democratization
volume
21
issue
2
pages
220 - 243
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000333930300002
  • scopus:84896849754
ISSN
1351-0347
DOI
10.1080/13510347.2012.732572
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5ed73cae-ad26-45e0-a486-0181dcf0b98d (old id 4353873)
date added to LUP
2014-03-07 12:54:49
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:13:44
@article{5ed73cae-ad26-45e0-a486-0181dcf0b98d,
  abstract     = {This study criticizes approaches equating opposition electoral victories with democratization in competitive authoritarian regimes. Not only are these approaches theoretically problematic, but there are also important empirical reasons to distinguish between electoral turnovers and democratization. The study goes on to explain why some African turnovers have been successful in bringing about democratization while others have not. This study promotes an approach in which opposition victories may be used as an independent variable that, under certain circumstances, could promote democratization. Using evidence from the cases of Senegal, Ghana, and Kenya, it is argued that electoral uncertainty caused by a low level of party institutionalization has been an important obstacle to democratization by alternation in the African context.},
  author       = {Wahman, Michael},
  issn         = {1351-0347},
  keyword      = {Africa,turnovers,Kenya,Senegal,Ghana,institutionalization,parties,elections},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {220--243},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Democratization},
  title        = {Democratization and electoral turnovers in sub-Saharan Africa and beyond},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2012.732572},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2014},
}