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Comparison of methods for evaluation of the suppressive effects of prednisolone on the HPA axis and bone turnover: changes in s-DHEAS are as sensitive as the ACTH test

Gruvstad, Eva; Hedner, Lars Pavo; Höglund, Peter LU ; Luts, Anders and Norjavaara, Ensio (2014) In International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 52(1). p.15-26
Abstract
Objective: Different hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function tests are used for diagnosing disease and evaluating suppressive effects of corticosteroid treatment. Our objectives were to evaluate sensitivity and precision of different HPA axis tests to be able to select one that combines good performance with good practicability, suitable for investigation of new corticosteroids in clinical trials. Methods: In this descriptive, double-blind, parallel-group study, 60 healthy male volunteers were treated with once-daily morning doses of prednisolone for 2 weeks. The volunteers were randomized to 1 of 5 treatment groups (prednisolone 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, or 15 mg). We compared the plasma-cortisol (p-cortisol) 24-hour average... (More)
Objective: Different hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function tests are used for diagnosing disease and evaluating suppressive effects of corticosteroid treatment. Our objectives were to evaluate sensitivity and precision of different HPA axis tests to be able to select one that combines good performance with good practicability, suitable for investigation of new corticosteroids in clinical trials. Methods: In this descriptive, double-blind, parallel-group study, 60 healthy male volunteers were treated with once-daily morning doses of prednisolone for 2 weeks. The volunteers were randomized to 1 of 5 treatment groups (prednisolone 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, or 15 mg). We compared the plasma-cortisol (p-cortisol) 24-hour average concentration (C,) with morning (08:00 hours) p-cortisol, daytime p-cortisol C,, and 24-hour urinary cortisol excretion. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) stimulation tests and the metyrapone test were also performed. Furthermore, we analyzed levels of serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (s-DHEAS), insulin, and markers of bone turnover. Results: Dose-related effects were shown, but the magnitude of effects and sensitivities varied greatly between the tests. P-cortisol measurements over the course of 24 hours were used as the reference method. Low- and standard-dose ACTH tests and morning s-DHEAS levels had similar sensitivity. Urinary cortisol excretion and the metyrapone stimulation test had low sensitivity. The effects of prednisolone on markers of bone turnover were, in general, less than those on the HPA axis. Only osteocalcin, procollagen type 1 C-peptide and procollagen type 3 N-peptide were significantly affected. Treatment with prednisolone was well tolerated. Conclusion: Changes in s-DHEAS and the low-dose ACTH test combine good sensitivity and precision for evaluation of the suppressive effect of exogenous corticosteroids on the HPA axis, and they are easy to perform. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
ACTH, corticosteroid treatment, DHEAS, HPA axis, systemic effects
in
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
volume
52
issue
1
pages
15 - 26
publisher
Dustri-Verlag
external identifiers
  • wos:000331922300003
  • scopus:84892154911
ISSN
0946-1965
DOI
10.5414/CP201938
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
71a7efcf-013f-4bcb-85cc-c4f1fcfd1613 (old id 4367192)
date added to LUP
2014-04-07 09:20:18
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:17:47
@article{71a7efcf-013f-4bcb-85cc-c4f1fcfd1613,
  abstract     = {Objective: Different hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function tests are used for diagnosing disease and evaluating suppressive effects of corticosteroid treatment. Our objectives were to evaluate sensitivity and precision of different HPA axis tests to be able to select one that combines good performance with good practicability, suitable for investigation of new corticosteroids in clinical trials. Methods: In this descriptive, double-blind, parallel-group study, 60 healthy male volunteers were treated with once-daily morning doses of prednisolone for 2 weeks. The volunteers were randomized to 1 of 5 treatment groups (prednisolone 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, or 15 mg). We compared the plasma-cortisol (p-cortisol) 24-hour average concentration (C,) with morning (08:00 hours) p-cortisol, daytime p-cortisol C,, and 24-hour urinary cortisol excretion. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) stimulation tests and the metyrapone test were also performed. Furthermore, we analyzed levels of serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (s-DHEAS), insulin, and markers of bone turnover. Results: Dose-related effects were shown, but the magnitude of effects and sensitivities varied greatly between the tests. P-cortisol measurements over the course of 24 hours were used as the reference method. Low- and standard-dose ACTH tests and morning s-DHEAS levels had similar sensitivity. Urinary cortisol excretion and the metyrapone stimulation test had low sensitivity. The effects of prednisolone on markers of bone turnover were, in general, less than those on the HPA axis. Only osteocalcin, procollagen type 1 C-peptide and procollagen type 3 N-peptide were significantly affected. Treatment with prednisolone was well tolerated. Conclusion: Changes in s-DHEAS and the low-dose ACTH test combine good sensitivity and precision for evaluation of the suppressive effect of exogenous corticosteroids on the HPA axis, and they are easy to perform.},
  author       = {Gruvstad, Eva and Hedner, Lars Pavo and Höglund, Peter and Luts, Anders and Norjavaara, Ensio},
  issn         = {0946-1965},
  keyword      = {ACTH,corticosteroid treatment,DHEAS,HPA axis,systemic effects},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {15--26},
  publisher    = {Dustri-Verlag},
  series       = {International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics},
  title        = {Comparison of methods for evaluation of the suppressive effects of prednisolone on the HPA axis and bone turnover: changes in s-DHEAS are as sensitive as the ACTH test},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/CP201938},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2014},
}