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Upper extremity nerve entrapments: the axillary and radial nerves - clinical diagnosis and surgical treatment.

Hagert, Elisabet and Hagert, Carl-Göran LU (2014) In Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 134(1). p.71-80
Abstract
Non-traumatic pain in the shoulder, arm and hand (brachialgia) is a common complaint in the field of musculoskeletal disorders, where nerve entrapment constitutes a possible cause. The effect of nerve compression is dose-dependent; hence a low-level compression will only result in decreased endoneurial circulation, neural edema and a Seddon's grade-IV weakness, but won't be revealed in nerve conduction or magnetic resonance imaging studies. Due to technical limitations, several clinical options to diagnose compression neuropathies in the upper extremity have been proposed. These include blinded-controlled studies on manual muscle testing to delineate level of nerve compression, and scratch-collapse test (SCT) to verify the level of... (More)
Non-traumatic pain in the shoulder, arm and hand (brachialgia) is a common complaint in the field of musculoskeletal disorders, where nerve entrapment constitutes a possible cause. The effect of nerve compression is dose-dependent; hence a low-level compression will only result in decreased endoneurial circulation, neural edema and a Seddon's grade-IV weakness, but won't be revealed in nerve conduction or magnetic resonance imaging studies. Due to technical limitations, several clinical options to diagnose compression neuropathies in the upper extremity have been proposed. These include blinded-controlled studies on manual muscle testing to delineate level of nerve compression, and scratch-collapse test (SCT) to verify the level of compression. In this manuscript, we describe the clinical examination and surgical techniques to diagnose and treat entrapments of the axillary and radial nerves. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
volume
134
issue
1
pages
71 - 80
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • pmid:24622568
  • wos:000338116400046
  • scopus:84895776138
ISSN
0032-1052
DOI
10.1097/PRS.0000000000000259
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d1631515-0b41-49e0-b146-5f2cf4c7d373 (old id 4383395)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24622568?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2014-04-03 13:41:50
date last changed
2016-04-15 15:34:27
@article{d1631515-0b41-49e0-b146-5f2cf4c7d373,
  abstract     = {Non-traumatic pain in the shoulder, arm and hand (brachialgia) is a common complaint in the field of musculoskeletal disorders, where nerve entrapment constitutes a possible cause. The effect of nerve compression is dose-dependent; hence a low-level compression will only result in decreased endoneurial circulation, neural edema and a Seddon's grade-IV weakness, but won't be revealed in nerve conduction or magnetic resonance imaging studies. Due to technical limitations, several clinical options to diagnose compression neuropathies in the upper extremity have been proposed. These include blinded-controlled studies on manual muscle testing to delineate level of nerve compression, and scratch-collapse test (SCT) to verify the level of compression. In this manuscript, we describe the clinical examination and surgical techniques to diagnose and treat entrapments of the axillary and radial nerves.},
  author       = {Hagert, Elisabet and Hagert, Carl-Göran},
  issn         = {0032-1052},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {71--80},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery},
  title        = {Upper extremity nerve entrapments: the axillary and radial nerves - clinical diagnosis and surgical treatment.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000000259},
  volume       = {134},
  year         = {2014},
}