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‘The Catholic danger’ : Anti-Catholicism and the formation of Scandinavian national identity

Werner, Yvonne Maria LU (2014) ESSHC Conference
Abstract
In this paper, I discuss the significance of anti-Catholicism in the construction of Scandinavian identity in the first part of the 20th century, which expressions it took and how it changed over time. Crucial here is the relationship between the existence of a common body of European ideas and developments specific to the Nordic countries. I will show that anti-Catholicism played an important role in the conceptions of Scandinavian national identity that developed during the nineteenth century, and that Catholicism came to serve as a counter-image to the notion of national values articulated in the same period. As an example, I will discuss the impact of anti-Catholicism on German-Swedish cultural relations in the inter-war period. A... (More)
In this paper, I discuss the significance of anti-Catholicism in the construction of Scandinavian identity in the first part of the 20th century, which expressions it took and how it changed over time. Crucial here is the relationship between the existence of a common body of European ideas and developments specific to the Nordic countries. I will show that anti-Catholicism played an important role in the conceptions of Scandinavian national identity that developed during the nineteenth century, and that Catholicism came to serve as a counter-image to the notion of national values articulated in the same period. As an example, I will discuss the impact of anti-Catholicism on German-Swedish cultural relations in the inter-war period. A central aspect is how anti-Catholicism was part of a wider climate of insecurity, relating to fears of Soviet Russia and Communism, which contributed to growing sympathies for National Socialism and the new regime in Germany. In Sweden, concern about the Catholic threat was especially strong in liberal theological circles. These theologians were inspired by German theology, and had close contacts with colleagues in Central Europe. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Anti-Catholicism, Scandinavia, Identity, Protestantism, Liberal Theology
conference name
ESSHC Conference
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b20a0899-d5f0-4a8b-9afa-b814a71d53d3 (old id 4392800)
date added to LUP
2014-04-16 14:19:39
date last changed
2017-01-24 11:20:52
@misc{b20a0899-d5f0-4a8b-9afa-b814a71d53d3,
  abstract     = {In this paper, I discuss the significance of anti-Catholicism in the construction of Scandinavian identity in the first part of the 20th century, which expressions it took and how it changed over time. Crucial here is the relationship between the existence of a common body of European ideas and developments specific to the Nordic countries. I will show that anti-Catholicism played an important role in the conceptions of Scandinavian national identity that developed during the nineteenth century, and that Catholicism came to serve as a counter-image to the notion of national values articulated in the same period. As an example, I will discuss the impact of anti-Catholicism on German-Swedish cultural relations in the inter-war period. A central aspect is how anti-Catholicism was part of a wider climate of insecurity, relating to fears of Soviet Russia and Communism, which contributed to growing sympathies for National Socialism and the new regime in Germany. In Sweden, concern about the Catholic threat was especially strong in liberal theological circles. These theologians were inspired by German theology, and had close contacts with colleagues in Central Europe.},
  author       = {Werner, Yvonne Maria},
  keyword      = {Anti-Catholicism,Scandinavia,Identity,Protestantism,Liberal Theology},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {‘The Catholic danger’ : Anti-Catholicism and the formation of Scandinavian national identity},
  year         = {2014},
}