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Five moments in the history of industrialized building

Ågren, Robert LU and Wing, Robert (2014) In Construction Management and Economics 32(1-2). p.7-15
Abstract
Industrialized building has drawn in ideas from many pioneering researchers during its decades of development; in this brief recapitulation we present some observations on selected moments in the history that have significantly shaped the approach to building construction. The first formative movement identified is prefabrication, as used by Joseph Paxton during construction of the Crystal Palace. Prefabrication inspired Frank Lloyd Wright’s American System Built Homes, and enabled the development of Le Corbusier’s mass production ideas in the Modern Frugés Quarter project. Early forerunners saw connections with the automotive industry; Le Corbusier developed a house called Citrohan and Buckminster Fuller wanted to create ‘houses like... (More)
Industrialized building has drawn in ideas from many pioneering researchers during its decades of development; in this brief recapitulation we present some observations on selected moments in the history that have significantly shaped the approach to building construction. The first formative movement identified is prefabrication, as used by Joseph Paxton during construction of the Crystal Palace. Prefabrication inspired Frank Lloyd Wright’s American System Built Homes, and enabled the development of Le Corbusier’s mass production ideas in the Modern Frugés Quarter project. Early forerunners saw connections with the automotive industry; Le Corbusier developed a house called Citrohan and Buckminster Fuller wanted to create ‘houses like Fords’. From prefabrication followed the concept of building in sub-assemblies, as showcased by Walter Gropius in his Törten estate; Konrad Wachsmann took this notion further into modularization and mass production with the creation of factory-produced panel and space frame systems. At much the same time Buckminster Fuller proposed the modular Dymaxion house, which included a functioning bathroom delivered in four pieces. In 1962 John Habraken presented ideas which led to what are now called open systems, suggesting standardized dimensions in the modularization in order to enable a wide array of choices for end-users. Even today not all the expectations of industrialized building have been realized, and it is instructive to look back at the origins of some of the fundamental concepts which form the backbone of this subject. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Design for manufacture, industrialization, modularization, open systems, prefabrication, sub\-assembly
in
Construction Management and Economics
volume
32
issue
1-2
pages
7 - 15
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:84896543541
ISSN
1466-433X
DOI
10.1080/01446193.2013.825374
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1fddcafa-4cf6-43e9-9acc-b811ea2a41f9 (old id 4394367)
date added to LUP
2014-04-23 08:52:07
date last changed
2017-01-15 03:21:20
@article{1fddcafa-4cf6-43e9-9acc-b811ea2a41f9,
  abstract     = {Industrialized building has drawn in ideas from many pioneering researchers during its decades of development; in this brief recapitulation we present some observations on selected moments in the history that have significantly shaped the approach to building construction. The first formative movement identified is prefabrication, as used by Joseph Paxton during construction of the Crystal Palace. Prefabrication inspired Frank Lloyd Wright’s American System Built Homes, and enabled the development of Le Corbusier’s mass production ideas in the Modern Frugés Quarter project. Early forerunners saw connections with the automotive industry; Le Corbusier developed a house called Citrohan and Buckminster Fuller wanted to create ‘houses like Fords’. From prefabrication followed the concept of building in sub-assemblies, as showcased by Walter Gropius in his Törten estate; Konrad Wachsmann took this notion further into modularization and mass production with the creation of factory-produced panel and space frame systems. At much the same time Buckminster Fuller proposed the modular Dymaxion house, which included a functioning bathroom delivered in four pieces. In 1962 John Habraken presented ideas which led to what are now called open systems, suggesting standardized dimensions in the modularization in order to enable a wide array of choices for end-users. Even today not all the expectations of industrialized building have been realized, and it is instructive to look back at the origins of some of the fundamental concepts which form the backbone of this subject.},
  author       = {Ågren, Robert and Wing, Robert},
  issn         = {1466-433X},
  keyword      = {Design for manufacture,industrialization,modularization,open systems,prefabrication,sub\-assembly},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {7--15},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Construction Management and Economics},
  title        = {Five moments in the history of industrialized building},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01446193.2013.825374},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2014},
}