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Factors Associated with Motorcylists' Safety at Access Points along Primary Roads in Malaysia

Manan, Marizwan LU (2014) In Bulletin 290
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in English

More than 50% of road accident fatality victims in Malaysia are motorcyclists, numbering more than 4,000 fatalities per year. The aim of this thesis was to investigate motorcyclists’ road safety problems in general in Malaysia, and narrow down the focus to the most salient road infrastructure related risk factors. After identifying access points on primary roads as hazardous sites, observations of road user behavior at these sites have been carried out in order to establish behavioral and design factors associated with a hazardous outcome of interaction between motorcyclists and other road users. The data collected for this thesis ranges from accident records to on-site observational data... (More)
Popular Abstract in English

More than 50% of road accident fatality victims in Malaysia are motorcyclists, numbering more than 4,000 fatalities per year. The aim of this thesis was to investigate motorcyclists’ road safety problems in general in Malaysia, and narrow down the focus to the most salient road infrastructure related risk factors. After identifying access points on primary roads as hazardous sites, observations of road user behavior at these sites have been carried out in order to establish behavioral and design factors associated with a hazardous outcome of interaction between motorcyclists and other road users. The data collected for this thesis ranges from accident records to on-site observational data including speed and behavior. The methods used are analysis of accident data behavioral observations on selected sites and advanced statistical modeling. The result show that Malaysian road accident statistics suffers from disproportional underreporting of severe injuries, hence any reliable road safety analysis only can be based on fatality records. Motorcycle fatalities are most frequent in rural locations (61%), half of them are on primary or arterial roads, and the majority of them are on straight road sections (66%). With help of a Motorcycle Safety Performance Function, which is a mathematical function that relates the expected crash frequency of a roadway element to the traffic volume and other characteristics of that element, it was estimated that an increase in motorcycle fatal accidents per kilometer is highly associated with an increase of access points per kilometer and the average volume of motorcycles.

An observational study carried out at such access points detected a hazardous right turning movement, i.e. the Opposite Indirect Right Turn. In this movement, which is mostly performed by motorcyclists, the vehicle makes a right turn into the opposite lane on the main road, and continues in the opposite direction before crossing the middle line into its desired lane. Eighteen to twenty six percent of right turning motorcyclists entering a primary road from an access point performed the Opposite Indirect Right Turn. The study also shows that motorcyclists entering the primary road from the access point were involved in serious traffic conflicts to the same extent as other vehicles. A serious traffic conflict is a breakdown of vehicle interaction that could lead to a crash. The advanced statistical analysis showed that the risk of motorcyclists being involved in a serious traffic conflict is 2 to 4 times more likely if they accept a shorter gap to a single approaching vehicle (time lag of less than 4 seconds) and in between two vehicles (time gap of less than 4 seconds) when entering the primary road from the access point. Also, behavioral variables, such as stopping at the stop line, as well as road environment factors, such as lane width influence the occurrence of a serious traffic conflict.

Overall, this thesis shows the importance of identifying motorcyclists’ behavior, as well as road environment attributes, in order to understand the road safety situation of motorcyclists. This study will also benefit researchers and practitioners, engineers and decision makers on the subject of improving motorcycle safety not only in Malaysia but also in other countries with similar situation. (Less)
Abstract
More than 50% of road accident fatality victims in Malaysia are motorcyclists, numbering more than

4,000 fatalities per year. The aim of this thesis is to investigate motorcyclists’ road safety problems in

general in Malaysia, and narrow down the focus to the most salient road infrastructure related risk factors.

After identifying access points on primary roads as hazardous sites, observations of road user behavior at

these sites have been carried out in order to establish behavioral and design factors associated with a

hazardous outcome of interaction between motorcyclists and other road users. The data collected for this

thesis ranges from accident records to on-site observational... (More)
More than 50% of road accident fatality victims in Malaysia are motorcyclists, numbering more than

4,000 fatalities per year. The aim of this thesis is to investigate motorcyclists’ road safety problems in

general in Malaysia, and narrow down the focus to the most salient road infrastructure related risk factors.

After identifying access points on primary roads as hazardous sites, observations of road user behavior at

these sites have been carried out in order to establish behavioral and design factors associated with a

hazardous outcome of interaction between motorcyclists and other road users. The data collected for this

thesis ranges from accident records to on-site observational data including speed and behavior. The

method ranges from cross-sectional analysis of accident data to advanced statistical modeling. The thesis

finds that Malaysian road accident statistics suffer from disproportional underreporting of severe injuries.

A motorcycle Safety Performance Function estimates that an increase in motorcycle fatal accidents per

kilometer is highly associated with an increase of access points per kilometer and the average traffic

volume of motorcycles. The observational study has detected a hazardous right turning movement, i.e. the

Opposite Indirect Right Turn, which is performed by 18% to 26% of right turning motorcyclists entering

a primary road from an access point. Moreover, motorcyclists entering the primary road are involved in

serious traffic conflicts to the same extent as other vehicles. The advanced statistical analysis shows that

the outcome for motorcyclists involved in a serious traffic conflict is influenced by their manner of entry

into the primary road from the access point, their stopping behavior and the lane width of the primary

road. Overall, this thesis shows the importance of identifying motorcyclists’ behavior, as well as road

environment attributes, in order to understand the road safety situation of motorcyclists. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Daniels, Stijn, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
access point, primary road, motorcyclists’ behavior, Safety Performance function, Motorcycle accident fatality
in
Bulletin 290
pages
190 pages
publisher
Lund University
defense location
In auditorium E:1406, E-building, John Ericssons väg 1, Lund University Faculty of Engineering
defense date
2014-05-22 10:00
ISSN
1653-1930
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6f009e9e-b091-40b8-a650-2e47b20fee2a (old id 4406547)
date added to LUP
2014-04-24 13:31:38
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:49
@phdthesis{6f009e9e-b091-40b8-a650-2e47b20fee2a,
  abstract     = {More than 50% of road accident fatality victims in Malaysia are motorcyclists, numbering more than<br/><br>
4,000 fatalities per year. The aim of this thesis is to investigate motorcyclists’ road safety problems in<br/><br>
general in Malaysia, and narrow down the focus to the most salient road infrastructure related risk factors.<br/><br>
After identifying access points on primary roads as hazardous sites, observations of road user behavior at<br/><br>
these sites have been carried out in order to establish behavioral and design factors associated with a<br/><br>
hazardous outcome of interaction between motorcyclists and other road users. The data collected for this<br/><br>
thesis ranges from accident records to on-site observational data including speed and behavior. The<br/><br>
method ranges from cross-sectional analysis of accident data to advanced statistical modeling. The thesis<br/><br>
finds that Malaysian road accident statistics suffer from disproportional underreporting of severe injuries.<br/><br>
A motorcycle Safety Performance Function estimates that an increase in motorcycle fatal accidents per<br/><br>
kilometer is highly associated with an increase of access points per kilometer and the average traffic<br/><br>
volume of motorcycles. The observational study has detected a hazardous right turning movement, i.e. the<br/><br>
Opposite Indirect Right Turn, which is performed by 18% to 26% of right turning motorcyclists entering<br/><br>
a primary road from an access point. Moreover, motorcyclists entering the primary road are involved in<br/><br>
serious traffic conflicts to the same extent as other vehicles. The advanced statistical analysis shows that<br/><br>
the outcome for motorcyclists involved in a serious traffic conflict is influenced by their manner of entry<br/><br>
into the primary road from the access point, their stopping behavior and the lane width of the primary<br/><br>
road. Overall, this thesis shows the importance of identifying motorcyclists’ behavior, as well as road<br/><br>
environment attributes, in order to understand the road safety situation of motorcyclists.},
  author       = {Manan, Marizwan},
  issn         = {1653-1930},
  keyword      = {access point,primary road,motorcyclists’ behavior,Safety Performance function,Motorcycle accident fatality},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {190},
  publisher    = {Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Bulletin 290},
  title        = {Factors Associated with Motorcylists' Safety at Access Points along Primary Roads in Malaysia},
  year         = {2014},
}