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Impact of Periodontal Disease Experience on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life

Jansson, Henrik; Wahlin, Asa; Johansson, Veronica; Akerman, Sigvard; Lundegren, Nina; Isberg, Per-Erik LU and Norderyd, Ola (2014) In Journal of Periodontology 85(3). p.438-445
Abstract
Background: Periodontal research has traditionally focused on the site level, regarding etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment outcome. Recently, some studies have indicated that the presence of periodontal disease is associated with reduced quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of periodontal disease experience on the quality of life. Methods: This cross-sectional study includes 443 individuals. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed; in conjunction, the oral health-related quality of life of all participants was assessed using the Swedish short-form version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Based on marginal bone loss, measured on radiographs, three different groups were identified:... (More)
Background: Periodontal research has traditionally focused on the site level, regarding etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment outcome. Recently, some studies have indicated that the presence of periodontal disease is associated with reduced quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of periodontal disease experience on the quality of life. Methods: This cross-sectional study includes 443 individuals. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed; in conjunction, the oral health-related quality of life of all participants was assessed using the Swedish short-form version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Based on marginal bone loss, measured on radiographs, three different groups were identified: participants with loss of supporting bone tissue of less than one third of the root length (BL-), loss of supporting bone tissue of one third or more of the root length in < 30% of teeth (BL), or loss of supporting bone tissue of one third or more of the root length in 30% of teeth (BL+). Results: The effect of periodontal disease experience on quality of life was considerable. For the BL-group, the mean OHIP-14 score was 3.91 (SD: 5.39). The corresponding mean values were 3.81 (SD: 5.29) for the BL group and 8.47 (SD: 10.38) for the BL+ group. The difference among all groups was statistically significant (P < 0.001). A comparison among the mean OHIP-14 scores in the different groups (BL-, BL, and BL+) revealed significant differences in six of seven conceptual domains. Conclusions: The BL+ individuals experienced reduced quality of life, expressed as the OHIP-14 score, compared with the BL and BL-participants. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Alveolar bone loss, health impact assessment, oral health, periodontal, disease, periodontitis, quality of life
in
Journal of Periodontology
volume
85
issue
3
pages
438 - 445
publisher
American Academy of Periodontology
external identifiers
  • wos:000332532500015
  • scopus:84896510986
ISSN
0022-3492
DOI
10.1902/jop.2013.130188
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5c47af2a-eab1-451d-9826-a9ef46b825dd (old id 4411096)
date added to LUP
2014-04-29 07:48:15
date last changed
2017-07-23 03:14:10
@article{5c47af2a-eab1-451d-9826-a9ef46b825dd,
  abstract     = {Background: Periodontal research has traditionally focused on the site level, regarding etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment outcome. Recently, some studies have indicated that the presence of periodontal disease is associated with reduced quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of periodontal disease experience on the quality of life. Methods: This cross-sectional study includes 443 individuals. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed; in conjunction, the oral health-related quality of life of all participants was assessed using the Swedish short-form version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Based on marginal bone loss, measured on radiographs, three different groups were identified: participants with loss of supporting bone tissue of less than one third of the root length (BL-), loss of supporting bone tissue of one third or more of the root length in &lt; 30% of teeth (BL), or loss of supporting bone tissue of one third or more of the root length in 30% of teeth (BL+). Results: The effect of periodontal disease experience on quality of life was considerable. For the BL-group, the mean OHIP-14 score was 3.91 (SD: 5.39). The corresponding mean values were 3.81 (SD: 5.29) for the BL group and 8.47 (SD: 10.38) for the BL+ group. The difference among all groups was statistically significant (P &lt; 0.001). A comparison among the mean OHIP-14 scores in the different groups (BL-, BL, and BL+) revealed significant differences in six of seven conceptual domains. Conclusions: The BL+ individuals experienced reduced quality of life, expressed as the OHIP-14 score, compared with the BL and BL-participants.},
  author       = {Jansson, Henrik and Wahlin, Asa and Johansson, Veronica and Akerman, Sigvard and Lundegren, Nina and Isberg, Per-Erik and Norderyd, Ola},
  issn         = {0022-3492},
  keyword      = {Alveolar bone loss,health impact assessment,oral health,periodontal,disease,periodontitis,quality of life},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {438--445},
  publisher    = {American Academy of Periodontology},
  series       = {Journal of Periodontology},
  title        = {Impact of Periodontal Disease Experience on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1902/jop.2013.130188},
  volume       = {85},
  year         = {2014},
}